Between the national symbol and the literary symbol

When people name birds, they are not always neutral to name them, and people give animals feelings or weave stories and fables around them, it is known in cultures, but to name them with those impressions is in itself important for at least one of two things Often a description of the impression of a cultural group on the behavior of a bird and the interpretation of its behavior as if it were a human; The second is that these nomenclatures are closer to titles and descriptions than to names, and there is a difference between having reference entities assigned names, and attributes you want them to assign names to them. It is similar to the name of the lion with many names, which are originally adjectives like dargham and they mean the dari of the lions, so not every lion is a dargama.

There is a pelican-type seabird that inhabits the tropical islands of the eastern Pacific off the coast of Latin America, and this bird is known as the “blue-footed boobie”, which is a literal translation of its English name. . It is called blue paw because its paws, which look like the legs of a duck, are a cold blue. But what draws attention to the naming is the phrase ‘the idiot, the idiot or the idiot, because it leads to the question: What does this poor bird do until he is thrown into confusion, recklessness and negligence?’

The first names of this bird were in Spanish, which is Bobo, and the rest of the languages ​​translated this phrase. The French translated it as “malman”, as it calls it Fou à pieds bleus, meaning the blue-footed madman. In Western culture, the Dodo, a relative of Bubu, is a relative who we do not think is innocent of a pigeon-like bird that became extinct in the name of human advantage due to hunting and extinction. This bird, often depicted in movies, was a symbol of idiocy before its extinction. It’s a stupid, clumsy animal. It seems that this symbol was acquired long ago and remained in place despite the extinction of the bird it represents. The two names reflect a primitive or ancient case of the use of the language by using two repetitive sounds, and it turns out that the two names are imitations that mimic the sound of an extinct bird or our blue-legged bird.

Most of those who talk about the secret of naming focus on the way it works, which is similar to walking someone who does not follow a straight path, and some of them refer to it as easy to follow, and in general, it is labels related to the behavior of the bird that observers interpret for it as a rational, utilitarian interpretation.

Regardless of the causes of insanity, recklessness and dementia, this animal has been called a violation of a distinctive human value, which is prudence and wisdom. In the history of Arabic literature, animals have been used as symbols of many human values, such as the three fish in Ibn al-Muqaffa’s book, as they are arranged in terms of intelligence and civility according to degrees of the most prudent of She miraculously came out the net escapes after she dies.

Downloading literary texts from birds, whales or other symbols does not mean that coding is limited to high literary genres or to high culture; This name ascribed to this bird indicates a popular behavior in the symbol that differs from the noble literary behavior in it, and it is important for us here to talk about this type of popular symbolism that is different from the literary symbolism. The popular coding in which the name of the said bird falls is reckless, clumsy or crazy. This beast is not linked to a symbol, as Ibn al-Muqaffa did with the three fishes, and as Homer did in the Iliad when he compared Sarpaidon to a lion, and he was about to take the Achaean wall to attack.

Not far from this projection is to call another bird the hedgehog because it is sad because as it has been said in some interpretations that it remains stationed on the swamps that have dried up and the lakes whose water has dried up , stationed by those who mourn the drought of the earth. This is how man decreases his characteristics and conditions on birds

Folk symbolism does not assign a specific symbol to the animal by making it a form that embodies an abstract value. The symbol herein is a kind of value sentence, that is, to make it sensual, visible, to observe the behavior of the animal, as if it were said that loyalty to dogs, for example, and it is sufficient to the behavior of a observing loyal dog (not all dogs are like that) until you understand in the behavior of an irrational animal what it means to be a value; And drop it on rational people footprints or description and approx. The popular symbol works through the projection mechanism, which means to simply fall on a body, as if a human human value falls on an animal’s behavior. Sophists today say that any metaphorical process is a process based on perceptual mechanisms, including projection, and they mean, with some simplification, to reflect the data of an abstract experience on a concrete experience, for example , which your experience with love reflects your experience with travel, as for example in the saying of Nizar (I traveled in smoke it) or does your experience with the same emotion reflect on the experience of reading, as in the words of the poet himself (I wish this man ghost by secret thought to read me). and read). This is not exactly what happens when the bluebird is called crazy. The process by which the naming took place is admittedly a process of projection and the framework in which this projection took place is an allegorical framework, but the metaphor here is a way of observing the universe and then naming it.

The healthy person who called this bird crazy will fall on him and rob him of his human rationality. With this projection, the bird becomes smart or stupid, sensible or reckless. And that the bird made to be in the air while on earth walks in a way that animals do not originally walk, this means according to those who read and drop that animals can walk in the way of the wise, or can walk in the path of the reckless just like man himself. For a person to walk a moderate or typical walk, it may not be the subject of consideration or reflection, but it is sufficient for a woman to walk in comfort and pampering, or in coquetry and beauty, as it can aim at her and cattle can change her gait while sending a message to the eyes you follow, then the gait will be an encrypted message for those who wanted to decode it. The same can be said of the drunk staggering or of the patient losing his balance because the gait may indicate the drunkenness or illness in the barrel. The mad corridor is a corridor in which the blue legs carry the bird from the blue sky to its death or downfall, and whether it is clumsy or light swaying or straight, then madness is not in the corridor, but in the pursuit that the blue man will carry his owner to. The projection takes place when the one who observes the beautiful-legged bird becomes a wise and prudent man, who knows the steps, their measures, their minds and the destinies that will become them.

Not far from this projection is to call another bird the hedgehog because it is sad because as it has been said in some interpretations that it remains stationed on the swamps that have dried up and the lakes whose water has dried up , stationed by those who mourn the drought of the earth. This is how man gives his characteristics and conditions to birds, in a practice that is one of the oldest forms of mutual metaphors: man drops what he has on the animal and takes from it what he wants to take in a kind of utilitarian projection. Sadness, however, is a characteristic of this bird that can be interpreted and it remains strange to call it Malik, as it is not useful for the linguist to know who owns it, but it is a cultural matter and a pendant on which many legends hang their clothes, to drop what they want from stories and news that can be accepted by thoughts that run as he walks Sad heron or walks like a mad stray blue-legged walker.

Professor of Linguistics at the University of Tunisia

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