February is a crazy month that looks like Lebanon. Storms, love and explosions

Zizi Estephan wrote in “Nidaa al-Watan”, a month different from any other, neither in length nor in prestige, one of the winter months, but the smell of summer in it, Gregory the calendar, but the last that belongs to it. The “one-eyed” month, as the old people describe it, is short, but it is not thirtieth, with its contradictions, which define the year between leap and simple, and with its surplus day, which makes its division into four integers without fractions . The enemy of the elderly and the companion of lovers, and though his words have no bond, he is in Lebanon full of fatal dates that have changed the course of this country.

February dates: glory and collapse

On February 9, Lebanon celebrates the feast of Saint Maron, the father of the Maronites and the monastery Syrian monk, and the word Maron in the Syrian language, according to references, is a diminutive of the word “mar” meaning the master, and in turn it is a diminutive of the word “moran” meaning “the master of the lords or the great master”. February then celebrates the “Lord of lords” in Lebanon, even though he calls in his elders and refuses to take part in the sect’s celebration of its founder’s feast and festive holiness … So Mar Maron, although his eyes are narrow is, ”as is often said, forgives Lebanon’s presidents and its Maronites for their mistakes and sins.

And if Saint Maron’s Day is a point of holiness in February and Saint Valentine’s is a date of love in it, many Lebanese dates in this month have nothing to do with holiness or love that has contributed to changing the face of Lebanon and to change its rate. .

The February 6 uprising led by the Amal movement in 1984 forced a new reality in Lebanese politics that led to the withdrawal of the Lebanese army from Beirut and the Amal movement full control of West Beirut and the southern suburbs gave. return of the Syrians to Beirut and destabilized the era of President Amin Gemayel and his political and military choices. It reformulated the internal as well as regional and international balances, starting with Lebanon. As Muhammad Obeid says.

The first 6 February was merged after twenty-two years with the second 6 February, which testified to the signing of the memorandum of understanding between the Free Patriotic Movement and Hezbollah, an agreement signed by Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah and General Aoun in the St. at the entrance to the southern suburb. A memorandum in its first item focused on dialogue, transparency, honesty and the priority of the national interest over any other interest … and it drew a new map of Lebanese politics, taking Lebanon to a stage after that February of intertwined interests. , the most expensive of which is paid today.

On February 27, 1994, Lebanon was on a date with a bloody event that reshuffled all its political cards to divert it from the path it had begun with the beginning of the civil war and the rise of the Lebanese resistance, the most prominent were the Lebanese forces. On this date, the Church of Our Lady of Salvation was bombed, in which ten people were killed, and this was the direct reason for the imprisonment and trial of the head of the Lebanese Forces, the dissolution of the party and the dispersal of its partisans, to start a new phase in the history of Lebanon, titled absolute Syrian domination.

11 years after the violent earthquake caused by the bombing of Our Lady of Deliverance Church and the events that followed, Lebanon shook on February 14, 2005, an even more violent earthquake that reaches the magnitude of a devastating earthquake. with the assassination of Prime Minister Rafic Hariri in a deadly bombing that killed more than twenty people, and his departure involved the phase of rebuilding Lebanon.After the war, a highly volatile phase began, which only began with the outbreak of the current crisis has stabilized. It is strange that the Lebanese government agreed with the United Nations on February 6, 2006, to form the Special Tribunal for Lebanon in search of justice, whose whereabouts are still unknown to this day …

In celebration of the melancholic events of February, this month has a white face often drawn by storms and snow on the peaks and heights. But one of the peculiarities of February is the arrival of snow in Beirut in an event that preceded the birth of Greater Lebanon. Historian Abdel Latif Fakhoury described that day by saying:

“The people of Beirut woke up on the morning of Wednesday, February 11, 1920, from the scene of heavy snowfall that they had never known before, and they could not open the doors of their houses except with difficulty, and they left. looked. the windows to find that the height of the snow had reached between half an arm and an arm. The color of the bricks changed and circulated in bright white, and the roads, orchards, trees and wires were covered with snow. The spectator no longer distinguishes between Beirut and the mountain. Vehicles stopped running, including trams, and shops, stores, official departments and schools remained closed. The newspapers did not issue that morning. ” After that famous Shabbat date, most Beirut, as Ziyad Sami Itani tells us through the Beirut heritage page, began to write down the various events and events in their lives according to this unique climatic phenomenon. “Snow” To indicate the time of occurrence …

In February, the coals fall, announcing the heat of the coming spring, and the fall of the first coals on February 7 is a metaphor for the beginning of the end of the severe winter cold (and its history may have changed in modern Lebanon to become on the sixth of it a glowing spot). Spring, and for this reason, may be associated with Valentine’s Day, which spreads warmth in hearts. As for the fall of the third Jamrah on February 21, it is a metaphor to feel the heat of the sun.

It is not possible to name February without hesitating at night the cats meow and howl: “In the first of February the hooks and the lions rage, and at the end of it the birds marry.” Congratulations to her and to all the lovers of the month of February, even though the twenty-ninth they visit him every four years …

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