When we talk about an Islamic design, we describe a characteristic general atmosphere for this design, i.e. far from defining a specific style, the primary or the secondary, as Islamic art has gone through various stages that varied according to its geographical environment and the period in which it developed.
The engineering design came in the form of a unique global combination of concepts, designs and patterns from different regions and cultures among them, which made Islamic interior designs a well-known, well-known and celebrated form around the world.
In this topic we talk about the general features and characteristics of Islamic design, without going into the history and characteristics of its styles.
What distinguishes this art from others?
What are the elements that make the design Islamic?
identity and beliefs
The home is an extension of one’s beliefs and a reflection of one’s identity, and from here it is necessary to point out a basic necessity in this type of design, which is privacy, which is a requirement in the Islamic culture is. There is no doubt that Islamic buildings were first built to provide optimal privacy while retaining the value of quality and comfort for its occupants. Apart from artistic and decorative features, Islamic architecture also follows certain rules passed down through the generations, such as allocating a separate living space for men and women to ensure privacy and comfort.
It is also believed that light is the first creation of God in Islam, and is considered a symbol of divine wisdom, and therefore occupies an important place in architecture and interiors, and it is believed that the presence of light in the room a powerful sacred aura poured out by the Creator in the place.
abstract decorative patterns
The art of decoration began since the eighth century AD during the early period of Islamic civilization, as artisans relied on the decorations of previous cultures, then developed them and created a new form in the visual arts, all abstract (was geometric and botanical)), far from living representation. Due to Islam’s ban on living statues in the arts (depicting humans and animals), abstract formations, complex in composition and repetitive patterns, played a predominant role in decoration, with their decorative features and grandiose appearance. The first thing that attracts attention in the houses designed in the Islamic style is the colorful stone formations that have been finely ground. Islamic culture in its arts assumes the repetition of forms to obtain complex and intertwined designs in a way that creates a visual pleasure. We find geometric patterns clearly in interior decor, partition designs and material graphics, and even in table lamps and mirror frames, as well as in artworks and small decor pieces.
Since the furniture is usually low and delicate, floral and geometric patterns are endlessly repeated on walls, floors and especially ceilings. It is taken into account here to use it in a balanced way so as not to overwhelm the general spirit of the place, and to avoid visual weight, by defining a specific area and applying these patterns to it, in exchange for keeping the other spaces in their initial simple state.
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And because every Islamic house tries to reflect the religious aspect of its elements in every possible way, modern calligraphic inscriptions are still an important part of Islamic design. Lovers of this style often tend to decorate the walls of their homes with inscriptions containing verses from the Holy. Quran, poetic phrases, or quotations with religious and moral connotations. , the use of various types of Arabic calligraphy such as Thuluth, Kufi and others, as the display of Islamic phrases is an important element in this style, with the aim of providing blessings and protection to the home and its inhabitants, in addition to the attractive and endearing appearance which creates Arabic letters, even among non-Arabs.
We find the phrases printed or embroidered on material or printed on wood or carved or shaped in three-dimensional materials such as wood, and often adopt dark colors such as dark green, black and brown.
Green is often associated with Islam, and is widely accepted as a favorable and auspicious color, indicating harmony and balance and associated with “heaven” in the Qur’an. Its shades also radiate an instantaneous state of calm, relaxation and purity, and this color is used by matching it with colors like silver, orange, pale and aqua, or by assigning different shades and shades to the same green.
In addition to green, there are other options such as brown or dark red, gold and purple, where sometimes an earthy mood dominates the color palette in Islamic-style spaces, with the free use of rich red, gold, yellow and orange. The white and gold colors together express this style well, and the walls, floors, furniture and art pieces give color depth to the space.
Due to the difficulty of obtaining wood materials in many Islamic regions in the past, wood has remained a symbol of wealth and luxury and an important component in many Islamic designs today. Arabic style furniture comes neatly carved, accompanied by decorative wood lighting accessories.
To achieve the look of luxury, rich and luxurious materials, such as reeds, velvet and silk, are used, with lighters, such as lace and chiffon, to achieve visual balance. We find some of this luxurious material on low-rise Islamic furniture, and on sofas and thick pillows, some of which are spread directly on the floor.
It is worth mentioning that the curved entrances are one of the most distinctive elements of Islamic architecture. The arches, which are either round, lobed or tapered, add a special touch and a sense of spaciousness to the interiors.