Love in Literature: A History of Human Pain | Nidal Qousha

Love has been present in human life throughout history, as it is the motif for many great art creations, in which deeply human qualities have been manifested, and in which poems, stories, novels and epics have been written. It was Mamo Zain, Romeo and Juliet, Majnoun Laila and others.

Throughout the history of mankind, there have been instances of love becoming present in their characters, events, and history, and some of these literary monuments have been transferred to the art of film, television, theater, formation, and dance. Those who know the high literary history will remember literary masterpieces that immortalized the concept of love and its events in the conscience of many people.

Myths about love

Throughout the history of mankind, there have been instances of love that have been present through various literary traces in their characters, events, and history.

In ancient myths, the epics of love appeared, and people spread them with interest, including the legend of Orpheus in ancient Greek literature, whose father gave him a melodic voice and a lyre to play, so that animals and creatures followed him as he played and touched them in a way that permeates logic, and tragedy surrounds him when his brother conspires against him and decides to torture him, He kills his lover, so Orpheus mourns and decides to move to dwell among the dead in the underworld. As long as she is behind him, the condition is spoiled, and the girlfriend goes into darkness, and he remains alone in the world of the living, a servant in the temple of Apollo, where a group of women kill him for refusing to deal with them. .

Another myth that has become the proverbial in the world with love and what it can mean to people, and was inspired by many writers and creators. This legend bears the name of Mamo Zain and was written by a Kurdish poet and philosopher, Ahmad al-Khani, one of the great Kurdish poets, and it was written about three hundred years ago in more than 2,600 poetic verses.

The legend tells the story of the lovers Mamo and Zain. Its events take place in a Kurdish emirate in Anatolia. Where Prince Zain al-Din lives and he has two beautiful sisters, Siti and Zain, who went out in disguise as two men to appear at the Spring Festival. They came across two maids on the way. As soon as she saw them, they fainted , so both of them left a ring on the hand of the two maids to identify them, and in the palace they told the old fortune teller their story, The one who promised to look for the two maids, and reached them after she wandered around. the country, and knew that the two maids were young men disguised as maids, and they were Mamo, the son of a palace court employee, and Taj al-Din Ibn al-Wazir.

She explains to the fortune teller how much the two young men love the two girls. Taj al-Din married his girlfriend Siti, while Mamo hesitated to ask Zain because he was not of the prince class. Taj al-Din tried to convince the prince to marry Mamou to Zain, but the desire to be one of the palace officials and whoever wanted to marry Princess Zain threw him in jail, where he met an unknown and facing dangerous fate. Zain becomes ill and refrains from eating and drinking, and she becomes emaciated and ill because she has lost her lover, and after a year her brother, the prince, visits her, and his heart softens for her, so he decides to Mamo and marry her to him, after she heals and they visit Mamo together in jail, and they find that he exhales his last breath, and dies in his jail. Zain mourns over him, and her heart breaks, and she dies the same night, and they are buried in one place in their memory.

In the Arab heritage, love stories are immortalized in poetry, the art of the novel was not known in the past, and one of the most famous love stories in it is the story of Qais bin Al-Malouh and his lover Laila Al-Ameriya. On the two lovers and their hearts break, but the flame of love did not quench in their hearts. Majnun Layla said:

My boyfriend, no, with God, I do not own what / God determined in Layla, nor what He determined for Leah. He spent it for others and harassed me with her love / So something other than Layla can harass me.

Novels in love

Love embodied an important theme in the world literature movement

Throughout history, many novels that have immortalized love have appeared in all parts of the world, and many of them are famous for becoming literary and emotional evidence, including the novel “I Karenina” by the author Leo Tostoy, which is about a profound love spoke. which bound a young woman and her lover and circumvented the ordeal of marriage. With a man years older than her, as well as the novel “Gone with the Wind” by Margaret Mitchell, which talks about the young Scarlett O’Hara, who has a special aversion to men, but in the end she is violent fell in love with one of them but lost him.

We also mention the novel “Jane Eyre” by novelist Charlotte Bronte, which talks about an orphan girl who is raised by her family and subjected to various types of torture and how she loves a man at home. We also find the novel “Pride and Prejudice” by Jane Austen, which talks about a love that stands in the way of the pride of two lovers. From Latin America, the novel “Love in the Time of Cholera” by Gabriel García Márquez appears. , which was about an immortal love story that brought two lovers together for dozens of years.

And in Arab literature, novels and monuments have perpetuated love stories, and over a period of more than a hundred years, well-known novels have appeared, including the novels of Ihsan Abdel Quddus, who wrote “In Our Home is a Man,” which tells of a love story between a rebel against the British occupation of Egypt and a girl who used to live in their house hidden About the occupiers, and the novel depicts how to rescue himself to save him from the dangers posed to him wait.

Algerian author Ahlam Mosteghanemi’s novels “In Memory of the Flesh” and “The Black Befits You” also appeared. Hanna Mina from Syria also wrote “The ship and the sea” which tells of a buried and deep love story between two lovers who met after many years. The writings of Gibran Khalil Gibran and May Ziada also appeared in The Blue Flame, documenting the state of love and passion that bound them together despite the distance from the place.

Chekhov’s stories

Anton Pavlovich Chekhov is considered one of the most important writers of Russian and world literature, especially in the field of short story, in which he was a pioneer and theorist. He has a special view of love and marriage. He says: “Getting married means you love, because marrying a girl because she’s beautiful is like buying something you do not want, just because he found it in the market. , and found that it is of a good type.Most important family bond is love, and other sexual, physical and other attraction It is a number of things, but it is a source of sadness and loneliness, and the results thereof can not be predicted, no matter how skilled we are at making calculations, and accordingly, it is not about the beauty of the girl, but rather about love, so ignore this trait, because it means little. ”

There are many traces left by Chekhov talking about love. Among these effects are those recently presented by Dar Raslan in collaboration with the Aladdin House in Damascus, where they have released a group of short stories written by Chekhov and related to the topic of love.

In his stories, Chekhov presented the world of Russia at the end of the nineteenth century, where class conflicts and social conflicts, with all their love stories, live in parallel with that turbulent world. “Late Flowers” was the first of the stories, which tells of a former princess who suffers and her family suffers from distress after changing circumstances, and how she fell in love with the doctor who treated her with her brother and then died. of a lung disease while being reluctant about her love for him.

As for the story “A Little Joke”, Chekhov presents the state of love in which a young girl lives between reality and fantasy, as she barely knows if the man she was on a snow walk with told him he loves her or she imagines her. this, and in the story “Agavia” Chekhov presents an example of a young lover who pursues her love, even if it costs her a storm in her married life. The heroine of the story is a young bride for a civil servant , but her heart is attached to a lazy, monotonous young man who does many illogical actions, but he risks his relationship with that loving lady.

In the story “Volodia”, Chekhov presents a love story and the struggle that arises when a young man loves his host, the beautiful Princess, and the tragic fate that awaits him at the end of his love journey. Chekhov continues to present stories about love and tell details of them that are very accurate and intimate.

Abeer’s novels

Human history

Abeer’s novels appeared in the United States, the Harlequin Publishing House, owned by a number of publishers, and in 1953 Mary Bonnecastle, the wife of one of them, took over the management after the man’s death. Harlequin first the copyright for it in North America, and began working on it in 1957 with a novel by author Anne Fenton, and the experience was popular and well received.

These publications were followed by a wide range of readers, who encouraged the house to translate these novels and publish them in non-English languages ​​around the world. In 1981, a Canadian company, Taro Star, acquired Harlequin and decided to expand the project and translate it to the world, especially Europe. In the Arab region, the new company had a branch in Cyprus, which in 1981 was founded and began publishing Arabic translations of the group novels. The name Abeer was chosen, which carries a transparent meaning and does not indicate a religious tendency. Or political, and it occurs in many Arab literary and artistic cases, as it does by many women in the Arab world.

The first edition published in the Arabic edition was and lives for the English author Violet Winsper, a novel that appeared in the 1960s, and the origins of the novel resonated with Arab readers. and achieved successes that lasted. for years until a second part of the series appeared in the name of Ahlam novels. In turn, he has made a remarkable appearance in the history of literary publishing in the Arab world.

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