Human wars have always changed the characteristics of homelands, and humans have not escaped from it. If a person’s body is redeemed and survives, he may not surrender, according to some psychologists, but what is the impact of war? on the author in particular?
Because literature is polite and the human soul pure, as it is said, many writers have been described as fragile and tender, so the author – like buildings – is crushed by what is left by destruction and death, and when the war ends and the infrastructure rebuilt, you will see who will restore the author For his predecessor, if he was infected with the infection of ideolitis?
In this corner, Al Jazeera Net opens a window for writers of the Russian and Ukrainian peoples, to express their views on the fate of literature during and after the war, and their views on what some writers of wars or their opponents say , and some trade unions, and on the position of their peoples against it, and on the duty of the author and his humanitarian position to accept or reject war and to declare it openly, and to align himself with his fatherland, even if he starts the war, or stands in line for a person who crosses nationality and nationalism, that is, the militarization and ideologization of literature.
The Russian poet and author Elena Vsenia was born in the city of mine, one of the most important cities of the Russian-Ukrainian conflict, Donetsk, and then moved to Moscow. She has published more than 8 books that alternated between poetry and prose.
What is your personal position on the war between Russia and Ukraine?
The war for the Russian people was a great shock. Personally, it hurts me so much that this war has become possible.
Do you not think it is the author’s duty to reject wars and announce his rejection?
There is nothing more valuable than human life. We are now living in the 21st century when politicians have not yet learned to resolve issues peacefully, through negotiations. Whatever military conflicts there are, no single target is worth a penny if it kills people. Poets and writers are the vanguard of mankind, in their hands the most powerful weapon is the word, and the word must always stand on the side of truth and peace.
Does the writer stand on the side of man, no matter what his drink is, or is he obliged to side with his country, even if his country is the aggressor?
I am deeply convinced that the author, by all means at his disposal, must make our world a better world. The author is not a politician, by taking the history of one human life, he must show the horrors of war and the senseless death and destruction, the author’s purpose is to make the reader think and have empathy.
Does war contribute to the creation of another literature?
The author is first and foremost a human being, and it is natural for a person to fear for the lives of his loved ones, and to worry about the fate of his homeland.
The war came as a great shock to the people, and surely, if the author wanted to judge the prevailing events, he would.
There are many beautiful novels that deal with war themes, but often the main place, in any literary work, is with man.
He will create good or bad literature after the war or during the war, but it depends on the talent of the writer.
As I said before, the war between Russia and Ukraine was a shock to all creators, Russians and Ukrainians, and it would take them a long time to reconsider or reconsider these tragic events, and I as a writer can not stay away from either this topic.
I was born and bred in the Donbass since it was the Soviet Union, and I well remember the stories of my father, survivors of the horrors of World War II.
I have lived in Moscow since 1983, this city has long been my favorite, and Russia has become my second home, but I still remember my grandfather Ivan from Kiev, who died at the age of 32 during the Great Patriotic War (World War II) II in the Russian name) in Battles near Moscow. Everything that is happening in Ukraine right now is pouring pain into my heart. I’m currently working on the novel “War Loves Youth.” Through the facts of the life of a young volunteer, Kosti Saenko, in an unexplained war against the Donbass, I want to convey my point of view on this war.
What do you think of the militarization of literature, and do you think it will return?
I think war is temporary, while love is eternal, maybe a wave of militarization will appear in Russian and Ukrainian literature, because what happened is a painful subject, but in time everything will return to its predecessor, because nothing is worth more as life, love and beauty.
How do you see the contemporary literary movement in Russia? Is there a departure for poetry from its old phase, or does it still follow its old path and has not kept pace with the poetic change movement in the world?
The literary movement in Russia is now very diverse and strong, as it is not necessary for writers to look for a publisher to communicate their creations to the reader, due to the proliferation of many services that made the author almost replaced the publisher, as the author reached the reader directly.
Any writer can express himself as he wants and what he wants, all the ways are now available to him, there are many courses that will develop one’s talent, as the writer has to develop and develop his talent and it is not enough that the talent of God, but must develop, refine, improve, and relentlessly develop them.
On a personal level, I completed a course in poetry and 3 courses in romantic studies in literature. There is no doubt that there is a noticeable deviation from classical literature in Russia, because it is a different time, different problems and a different reader.It becomes easy for the reader to find any book that satisfies his taste, whether it is science now. fiction, romance or police novels, or a mixture of different genres and topics. . But only time can perpetuate and preserve the most important literary works for later generations.
Is it necessary for the intellectual to have an opinion on major humanitarian issues? Can intellectuals influence their societies?
The intellectual is part of his age, and it is a harbinger of his time. Words are the most powerful and influential in people. Writers and poets often enjoy the gift of insight as they feel all the changes that are taking place in society. They have always been at the forefront of societies.
And by their actions, posterity will judge the bygone era. Poetry is the food of the human soul, as it makes one more exalted and more perfect, and that evil can not penetrate to live in a beautiful soul.
Have you read foreign literature, and especially Arabic literature? Did these readings influence your poetic experience?
I grew up in a small mining town, literature became my window to the big world, friendship taught me Alexandre Dumas’ Three Musketeers, and the nobility of Fenimore Cooper’s novels, while Jack London remains one of my best writers to this day. . I will not list my favorite writers, they are many.
Well, who among us does not know Scheherazade and Aladdin or Ali Baba? Pictures of these wonderful heroes from the Arabic fairy tales, The Thousand and One Nights, accompany us from childhood to later life.
I have poems with Oriental themes, including: “Dance Scheherazade,” “Muslim,” and “Do you hear? The dumb desert cries.” I have been to Egypt, the Emirates more than once, and on one of my visits I suddenly realized that I had fallen in love with the desert. I have a great interest in the oriental world. So far, it is mainly about travel, tourism and movies, but I also hope to get to know contemporary Arabic writers up close.
As a poet, tell us about poetic forms in Russia, what is it and what is modern Russian poetry called?
Our poetic world today is very diverse. There are many important windows or electronic portals through which every poet can publish his poems and communicate with colleagues and readers. There are also many creative associations and unions. Nowadays, stevia, which means the poetry of the network or the poetry of the internet, prevails in Russia.
As for the new trends, such as free poetry, as pronounced in Russian “verlibre” which in French is called “vers libre” and white poetry, which is pronounced in Russian as “billy stich”, in my opinion, they are more amateurs than professionals, and has not yet won the minds of readers.
With regard to the Russian novel, is it also heading towards modernity? Are you interested in the Russian reader, or is he more interested in poetry than in prose?
The new time, the new life, the new relationships, which are increasingly born and developed, in the virtual space, provide a basis and ground for new and different literary forms that have nothing in common with classical literary forms.
The Russian reader loves poetry, but is more willing to give money for good book prose, and there is still greater demand for novels than for poetry.
As a narrator or prose writer who is also interested in modern forms, in 2021 my book trilogy “Henry Flefel’s Russian Woman” completely broke all the images and stereotypes of classical literature. The novel includes a hypothetical dialogue between a man and a woman, in which a great world of crazy love is born, who gets out of control and begins to dictate his own rules.
How do you see literary criticism in Russia?
In the era of social communication, it has become permissible for every reader to express his opinion on this or that literary work. I think we have almost no more professional or specialized critics today because their opinions have no weight or value.
Basically, their work is limited to major literary competitions, now that the promotion of creativity on the internet is more valuable, and of course only the reader, who wants to buy a book, decides whether it interests him or not.