In order for the state to build its power – during this century – it must link its geographical location to its identity and history!
Therefore, the concept of “geographical imagination” opens up new scientific fields, and offers diverse methods of thinking about time and space, the link between knowledge and power, and the perception of countries of their identity, history and global political behavior.
The role of geography in making history
Geographic imagination is an art and science that aims to develop the role of states in making history, and the role of place and space in shaping political economy.
Therefore, this concept can contribute to the development of the state’s vision for its future, and to invest its history, geographical location and identity in building its position and presence on a global level. The concept also allows for the space of hope expand and exercise creativity in representing a new world.
Geographical imagination can play an important role in shaping nations’ perceptions of their power, their awareness of the sources of that power, and their understanding of the world.
Therefore, the state’s development of the geographical imagination of its students can contribute to building these students’ perceptions of their state’s image in the world, and its role in managing global conflicts.
The starting point for the future is to increase the students’ ability to consciously connect terrain, space, space, history and values, and to build a spiritual image of the state and its place in the world.
Geographical imagination and mental image
Doreen Massey sees people have a picture of the world in their minds. How are these images formed, and what is their role in conflict management ?!
The images that individuals hold in their minds about their country and the world influence their perceptions and attitudes towards other countries and people. The flow of information in the modern era has influenced individuals ‘imaginations and mental images, individuals’ decisions and behaviors, and the ability of countries to achieve development and progress.
Therefore, the development of the geographical imagination of individuals can contribute to the development of their knowledge of the world, and their ability to build a vision to achieve long-term goals.
At the same time, the leadership must have a vision of the status of its state, how to exploit its resources and its spatial and temporal strengths, build its international relations in the light of this vision, and consciously geography, history, politics, economics and education.
Therefore, my interest in the concept of “geographical imagination” has developed, and I strive to develop the sciences of leadership, communication, international media, public diplomacy, international relations, political economy and building a knowledge community.
Geographical imagination for the digital age
The communications revolution has influenced geopolitical thinking as it has opened up new possibilities for individuals and states to understand the world, realize the possibilities of power building and manage conflicts.
Students in the digital age can acquire new information that can contribute to the development of their creativity, increase their geopolitical intelligence and perceive the world in a new way.
But countries can play an important role in developing their students’ geographical imagination and increasing their ability to relate the information they receive about space, time, culture, history and global conflict.
This role that countries can play contributes to building their future by increasing students’ abilities to be creative in building a comprehensive vision for the development of the power of the state.
The interest in the concept of geographical imagination is related to the communication revolution, which opens up new areas of creativity for individuals and people in geographical thinking and the building of the power of states.
Therefore, Stoltman believes that the process of geography education is undergoing tremendous changes due to the development of information technology, the amount of geographic information that students can obtain, how it is organized, and the increase in efficiency in its use to achieve a vision of the world.
Geographical imagination and building international alliances
Geographic imagination can open up new areas for countries to plan and build strategies for alliance with countries that share with them in the struggle to achieve long-term goals such as freedom from colonialism and Western domination, development, cooperation, participation in the exploitation of countries. resources, and the achievement of integration between them.
It opens the way to reflect on the conscious connection between geography and culture. Countries are inhabited by people with a history who over time have been able to develop their human experiences, and to build a system of principles and values that we must understand in order to establish partnership and collaborative relationships with them.
Geography can not be separated from people’s identity, pain and aspirations. Fahey and Ossenade thus point to a new concept of mapping societies that constitute social knowledge that enhances our understanding of these societies, and of their potential for sustainable development.
We see that these social maps increase the possibilities for building alliances between countries on civilized, cultural and historical foundations, and these alliances can contribute to the achievement of political, economic and social goals that bind people together.
Alliances and knowledge integration
Therefore, countries can unleash their geographical imagination to build alliances in the future, by integrating geographical, political, cultural and historical knowledge and linking human experiences.
A group of Turkish researchers say in an important study published by the Marmara University Journal of Political Science that geographical imagination means how people see the world, and what factors can influence this vision such as social class, education, political and personal philosophies, and the historical moment in which people see the world around them.
The card is not just a card, it reflects the ideology of the person who drew it.
We are talking about our lives with – as Doreen Massey says – an image of our country, and of the division between East and West. This image is one of the most important factors leading to conflicts. Therefore, the geographical mind must take into account the spiritual image and how it is formed, and the role of culture and history in its construction.
In light of this, mankind needs a new geographical imagination that transcends the boundaries of place, space, and maps drawn by the colonial powers.
This new geographical imagination can contribute to the peoples’ struggle to free themselves from colonialism and American domination, and from the images that America and Europe have imprinted in people’s minds to prevent them from making a joint effort to rid themselves of colonial domination. to liberate.
A geographical depiction of post-colonialism and dependence
To build a new world for people, they need to review their historical and human experiences, and look for common factors that can increase the possibilities of collaborating with other people.
Civilization and culture can certainly rebuild world maps, form new alliances based on civilization foundations, and transcend the boundaries drawn by Britain and France in the Sykes-Picot Agreement, which hindered the will of peoples to bring about cooperation, progress and development. , provided a basis for long conflicts, and became a burden on the peoples engaged in patriotic songs about the struggle against colonialism and tyranny, and about work to bring about development and progress.
The challenge that people have to face during this century is how to develop a geographical imagination for post-Western and American hegemony ?!
This imagination can contribute to the coordination of the elements of spatial, temporal, civilizing and cultural power to build a new, more just world.
For the past two centuries, the colonial powers have been able to plunder the wealth of the African and Asian peoples as they have succeeded in building an image of Europe based on the supremacy and progress of the white man, his role in the civilization of the underprivileged. peoples, and his right to dominate the world.
America fulfilled this role by controlling the global media system after World War II, and using it to impose an image of America on the world based on power, supremacy, progress and democracy, and that it had the right to manage global conflict.
People’s helplessness and brokenness
At the same time, America used the global media system to build an image for African and Asian peoples, based on the fact that they could not exploit their wealth, so they had to sell what were raw materials to America at a cheap price to buy. recreational goods produced from those raw materials plundered from their lands, and to buy weapons with which their neighbors could be fought. Those who suffer the same tragedy created by colonialism.
These peoples were subject to tyrannical rulers imposed by America, and all the ambitions of these rulers are to achieve stability under American hegemony.
Therefore, the African and Asian peoples must develop their geopolitical and cultural imagination in order to build their future, achieve their comprehensive independence, and work with countries that have similar human experiences.
Building alliances in the future requires a geographical imagination that connects space and time with civilization and culture, and provides knowledge to people to build spiritual images on their basis that contribute to the achievement of cooperation and participation in the achievement of long-term goals, the most important of which is liberation from colonial control and the attainment of comprehensive independence.
Geographical imagination is also a necessity to lead the acceptance of a vision that achieves the state’s power in various fields, the most important of which is the building of foreign policy and international relations. Therefore, peoples should choose leaders who are a geopolitical, civilized and possess cultural imagination. .