What should you do if you or a member of your family has contracted coronavirus?

Dubai, United Arab Emirates (CNN) – What do you do if you or a family member tests positive for Covid-19? It will depend on a number of factors, if you have difficulty breathing or are elderly and weak, you can be admitted to hospital immediately.

If you do not have an immediate risk, but may have a higher risk, you have underlying health conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure or lung problems; If you are over 60, pregnant, obese or immunosuppressed, you should keep in daily contact with your doctor while you are in isolation at home.

If you have mild symptoms but no additional known risk factors, you will probably be asked to stay home, rest and drink plenty of fluids, all while keeping a close eye on how you feel.

“People who are mildly ill with Covid-19 can recover at home,” says the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “Do not leave except to seek medical attention.”

Make sure you get care if you feel worse or think it’s an emergency, says the CDC, but call first. And do not use public transport, carpooling or taxis to get there.

What now? Are you ready to take care of yourself when you are on your own? What can you do to protect other family members who are at risk and will have to stay at home?

Prepare in advance

Preparation is the key to a good plan.

Before someone in your family or community falls ill, the CDC suggests reaching out to loved ones, family members, neighbors, and friends to exchange phone numbers and emails and see if anyone has special needs when they become ill. Keep a list of your emergency numbers at your fingertips.

Pediatrician Dr. Tanya Altman said parents and guardians need to plan ahead by creating a structure in which children and potential caregivers know their roles.

“Many parents will get sick,” Altman added. “So what’s the plan? How are we going to isolate them and who is going to be the backup parent? You need to know what to do so you do not panic if a parent gets a fever in the middle of the night.”

If you have not done these tips by the time the result is positive, do so now or seek help from a loved one.

We hope you followed hygiene practices before you became ill. These are behaviors that we all need to do daily, automatically, to protect ourselves from germs, colds and flu.

Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands; Always cough and sneeze into the elbows or tissues you throw away immediately, and wash them regularly.

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) states that you should also clean daily touches that are frequently touched with a regular household cleaner followed by a disinfectant. In addition to bathroom counters, tables and worktops, do not forget light switches, taps, sinks, cabinet knobs, door knobs, phones and keyboards.

Social distancing is critical to contain the virus before and after infection: stay and work away from home if possible, and reduce contact with others.

And if you have to leave isolation for life necessities, such as food and outdoor exercises, wear a three-layer mask and stay at least 6 feet away from others.

Save in advance

Order online or ask your loved ones for basic supplies:

  • A thermometer that monitors a fever, and a method of clearing it, such as isopropyl alcohol
  • Fever-reducing medications, such as acetaminophen
  • A box of rubber or latex gloves and face masks.
  • An amount of necessary medically prescribed medication is sufficient for 60 or 90 days
  • Regular soap and alcohol-based hand sanitizer
  • Wipe to cover sneezing and coughing.
  • Regular cleaning products and kitchen cleaning gloves
  • Disinfectant cleaners

Isolate yourself or your loved one

Once your healthcare provider tells you to confirm or even suspect Covid-19 without a test, the CDC tells you or a loved one to stay away from other people in the home in a separate room (preferably with a private bathroom).

If you live alone, it is not difficult. Your challenge is to monitor your symptoms and take care of yourself when you are not feeling well. Make sure you have a plan in place to get food and medicine into your home, and find someone who can actually look after you on a regular basis.

Stock up or ask loved ones to tidy up all the relevant entertainment in the room: TV, computer, iPad, books or even games you can play on FaceTime or Skype.

If you are part of a family, it can be difficult to stay isolated, especially if you are in a small place or there are children in the house.

“If you have someone in the house who is older or immunosuppressed, you may want to isolate them on one side of the house so that the children and everyone around them are not frequent,” Altman said.

“If you have to take care of a child, you may have to make the decision to isolate an adult from the child, and that adult will be the one who takes care of the child, while the other adult will be responsible for the rest of the child. the family, ”she added.

To put on the mask and clean

If you are ill, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says you should use a face mask while you are in contact with others, such as when you go to the doctor or hospital.

Altman emphasizes isolation and protection measures. “A healthy person can leave food and drinks at the door for the patient and then wash his hands,” she said. And she continued, “Wear gloves to pick up empty dishes, put them back in the kitchen and wash them in warm soapy water, or preferably in a dishwasher, and wash your hands again.”

Do not share drinking glasses, cups, forks, cutlery or other dishes, says the CDC. Do not share towels or bedding with other people in your home. When washing clothes, do not shake the patient’s dirty clothes to “reduce the possibility of the virus spreading in the air”.

Caregivers should wear disposable gloves when handling this dirty laundry, says the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and throw it away after each use.

And remember to call 911 immediately if you or your loved one has any of these symptoms: sudden increase or difficulty breathing or shortness of breath; persistent pain or pressure in the chest; And no sign of a lack of oxygen.

Prevent others from getting sick

To be clear: After a positive Covid-19 diagnosis, everyone in the home should isolate themselves as much as possible from the outside world.

If an asymptomatic family member thinks it is absolutely necessary to go to the grocery store or pharmacy or to look at a family member, be aware that you can be contagious and that anything you touch can transmit the virus, even without symptoms. .

To reduce the transmission of the virus inside your home, try to allow air to flow into the rest of the home through open windows or doors, weather permitting. You can also add air purifiers to your home.

Ask everyone to wash their hands at every opportunity. Clean and disinfect all common surfaces – do not forget fridge and microwave handles!

Keep everyone as stress-free as possible – which is certainly a difficult task – and focus on healthy eating habits, regular exercise and good sleep.

Although there is no indication that pets can contract or contract Covid-19, the Centers for Disease Control recommends keeping pets away from sick people.

When will your house insulation end?

If you test positive but have no symptoms, you can stop home isolation 10 days after the positive test date, the CDC says.

The CDC adds that if you have symptoms, you can stop being isolated when you meet three criteria:

  • It’s been at least 10 days since symptoms first appeared
  • I got rid of fever for 24 hours without taking any antipyretic medication
  • Any other symptoms of Covid-19 getting better

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) notes that loss of taste and smell can persist for weeks or even months after recovery, but that does not mean you should stay isolated.

However, if you are seriously ill with Covid-19, such as being admitted to hospital and needing oxygen – the rules change.

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