Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart began his music education at an early age when he was three years old, and at the age of five he had already composed his first piece of music. Mozart was a child genius anyway, but he was by no means the only composer. who distinguished himself with that early beginning. There are many great musicians whose names have been recorded on the pages of history, such as Ludwig von Beethoven, Martha Argerich, Vincenzo Bellini and Claudio Arau. They all trained in music in their early childhood and blinded the world.
The success of these musicians begs the question: does one have to start at a young age to become one of the greats? Many of us assume that the younger a person starts, the greater the chances of becoming the best. Some research has supported this assumption, and some psychologists have even gone on to believe that there is a crucial period in early childhood. is when we a lot From this perspective, it will miss an important opportunity to wait until one reaches adolescence or even early adulthood before starting your education, but a new study by Laura Wesseldijk of the University of the Free Amsterdam and her colleagues challenge the view of the With this in mind, the study examines the possibility that environmental and family factors are responsible for the success of “early beginners”; The reason why these individuals are distinguished may not be because they learn at a unique stage of the development process, but because they inherit talent, or perhaps because they have the advantage of using musical instruments and education, or they start training and practice early. age, then it may not be too late for you to start Walking is an obstacle to being on the list of greats.
When comparing those who start early and those whose talent is late, the total time spent in practice is one of the critical factors to consider. We know that exercise is important because it can take thousands of hours to gain experience, so any study that seeks to disrupt the benefits one derives from early exposure should match the training time of early and late beginners. A difficulty with this emulation process is that people who start intensive exercise and training late are often much older than those who start with the same amount of exercise and training at an earlier age, as some types of cognitive performance often start to decline in the beginning. At puberty, comparing older people whose talent is delayed with those who start at an early age may exaggerate the benefits of starting at an earlier age.
This challenge is made even more difficult by the fact that time of exercise and age are not the only factors to consider. You may have inherited an aptitude from one of your parents to excel in music, and even if you did not, you grew up in a musically rich environment; If you have a piano in your home and you have a mom or dad who plays it regularly, your natural talent, or your experience or both, can lead you to start typing the piano keys when you are a small child. Fortunately, one of your parents has the knowledge and experience to take care of You started at a young age, but at the same time you have family and environmental benefits that will accelerate your development in the field of music.
Wesseldyck and colleagues investigated the impact of these familial and environmental influences by evaluating musical ability and expertise in two independent groups, one that includes several professional musicians and one including adult twins with music experience, and by including professional musicians in their study. the researchers the ability and experience of one group of Active, well-trained experts who started their training at different ages (ranging from two to eighteen) But they may have started their training at different ages.
More than 300 musicians and 7,000 twins participated in the study, and the participants ranged in age from 27 to 54. The musicians selected still worked in the field, and each of the participating twins is at a stage trained to play music. their lives, participants recorded the age at which they started playing and the number of hours they spent each week at different ages (e.g., from 6 to 11, and from 12 to 17). Using this information, the researchers were able to estimate the age at which training began as well as the cumulative exercise of each participant. Participants also completed two online assessment data, one of which dealt with musical ability or talent, and the second the level of musical performance. included, and the aptitude test that measured basic musical skills to distinguish between tone, melody and rhythm, and the performance test It was an assessment of various measures of musical success, including the body of works that were actually composed and performed, the number of awards the musician has received, and critical reviews of his work at two levels. For both locally and internationally, in addition to the pieces of music he played at public concerts.
The team’s findings suggest that those who start early do not benefit from the opportunity of a critical growth period to improve their skills and experience, but rather from exercise and training for longer hours, by being raised in a family with an interest in music, and perhaps even genetically inclined to excel in music. , The researchers first examined the relationship between early onset and later musical ability and performance in both samples that included musicians and twins, and the control component was total exercise and training time. Musical ability, however, did not observe an association between early onset and higher musical performance. In other words, when the total practice time remained constant, individuals who were exposed to music at an early age scored higher on basic pitch discrimination, but they did not. late – happier in terms of playing their music on radio channels or public concerts. nation, winning awards, or subjecting their performances to critical reviews at the local or international level.
Researchers examined data on twins to better understand the role of genetic and environmental factors in musical excellence. If there is no genetic component of musical talent, it will be inferred that data from pairs of identical twins are similar to those of pairs of non-identical twin. twins, and similar, if family environment has no influence For success in music, the data of twins who grew up together must match the data of musicians who are not related, and it is not surprising that the results indicate that genetics and environment really contributes to ability and performance in the field of music, and when they confirmed these genetic influences and environment, researchers found that beginning at an early age is no longer sufficient to predict musical ability. Early higher scores on aptitude tests were not due to the fact that they started their training early, but rather due to genetic and environmental factors that gave them an advantage over others; Children who have an innate talent for music and / or who have a father or mother who have musical talents are more likely to be exposed to music at an early age and find people to nurture their talent, and this factors explain the advantage – in terms of of musical skills – enjoyed by those who start at an early age On those whose talent is retarded in crystallization.
So we can all take a deep breath and calm down. If we (or our children) could not start playing an instrument at the age of five, the crucial stage is not over yet; Because – as the results indicate – it does not exist at all. If your passion for piano playing appeared in your teens or even after you reached adulthood, it does not mean that you will be deprived of excellence forever; People who learn to play later in life can still strive for excellence, just as Bill Withers composed and produced award-winning pieces for which he became a rock ‘n’ roll celebrity, even though he began his music career in his late twenties. all this, exercise is a key component of any recipe for success; If you do not start early, you may need to stay up late and spend extra hours training, as exercise is the best way to master.