Former banker Emmanuel Macron won the presidency in 2017 because he was a young icon, and because he was a representative of the “radical center” known in French politics as a trend based on moderation between right and left.
Emmanuel Macron expressed this “centrist” approach in a famous speech he gave on April 6, 2016 in his hometown of Amiens, France, in which he said that the traditional divisions of right and left no longer correspond to the challenges of the twenty not. first century. This seems to be consistent among the French given the voting results over the past decade, in which the popularity of the historic Gaullis right has visibly declined, along with that of the traditional left.
Macron benefited from the decline of traditional parties, as his rise coincided with the rise of extremist names such as Marine Le Pen, and thus represented the best option for many voters, leading to his victory in the presidency and the victory of his party with a parliamentary majority, which met no French president after the famous leader Charles de Gaulle. The “radical center” in the Macaron experience was very confusing, as the man seemed to be overbearing in all directions, as he did not stop declaring against immigrants, or the Muslim minority, until his statements like his talk on the “crisis of Islam” and “Islamic isolationism” outweighed their resonance. On the right symbolic statements. As for the French identity, Macron was faithful to the values of secular France in its extreme form, rejecting religious symbols in public spaces, especially those associated with Islam and the veil, Macron was a representative of Catholic France, which everywhere sympathized with the problems of Christians, and more easily accepted refugees who shared his faith. also engaged in a Christian alliance against Turkey, with which he waged several diplomatic battles.Macron’s first term was marked by the presence of great economic problems.The great France, which had retained its influence in Africa, and in more than one place in the world, began to feel the symptoms of aging, and it seemed as if the state of well-being inherited from the time of imperialism was on the verge of shrinking, especially after the emergence of movements and tendencies that were hostile to the existence of French in more than one country. The Corona pandemic and its challenges deepened the economic crisis, and the period of complete closure caused many complications, as did other European countries, when the Ukrainian war, with its threat to energy sources, came as a new challenge, not only not for the economy, but for the existence of the state.
The discourse based on the importance of European solidarity has won the votes of many who have rejected populist ideologies calling for closure.
Macron’s supporters believe he did what he could to ensure France’s presence on the global economic map. Corona pandemic. Macron enthusiasts, whose opponents had earlier called him “the president of the rich” in reference to his disregard for the weak, recalled his position when he said he would do everything possible to preserve the works and works of the French , which he has taken really serious steps in that direction, such as raising the public exchange rate during last year’s budget. We must not forget that we are living in an era of progress by populists and nationalists. This is what obliges the new world leaders to keep up with the rising trend represented by those who have sought Britain’s exit from the European Union, as represented by the success of Donald Trump in winning the votes of the Americans and the success of many similar votes going on in countries known for tolerance, such as Sweden, Germany, Denmark and others. At a time when the leaders of European parties supported the establishment of barriers and partition walls to protect their countries from immigrants, Macron was credited with opposing these views and his belief in the European Union, which was expressed by a number of parties with skepticism confronted and groups, who saw him as an opponent of their country. This discourse, based on the importance of European solidarity, won the votes of many who rejected populist ideologies that called for the closure, or restriction of thinking to the national interest, a trend that Bl Pen blatantly represented.
In foreign policy, Macron’s foreign years were not only marked by tensions with Turkey, but also by a clear suspicion of Russia and China, by adopting the American narrative that made them a threat to the Western world, which for Macron meant the need to strengthen. the European Union and the preservation of its economic unity and military independence, in its attempt to reduce dependence on NATO remained “brain-dead”, according to a previous statement. Today, the Russian invasion of Ukraine could be a new factor and an impetus to reevaluate the idea of challenging Russia, especially after the difficulty was confirmed in ending dependence on Russian energy sources. On the other hand, Marine Le Pen’s high turnout recalled Macron’s words at the start of his first election campaign: “If we do not unite, Le Pen will be president of France within years.” The unprecedented result and significant progress simply meant that there was general acceptance of far-right ideas based on anti-immigrant and xenophobic, especially Muslims. Today, no reader of the voting results in the first and second phase can underestimate the election weight of the far right. It’s enough to remember the photos of Le Pen’s tours among citizens in various French cities and towns, and the celebration with which she was received by the masses, to make sure that she became an unsurpassed number. Observers say Le Pen has managed to market herself as a popular candidate and portray Macron as a representative of the business elite. This makes us expect Macron and the rest of the parties striving to reach the Elysee to turn their populist rhetoric to rip the carpet out from under the feet of right-wing candidates by bidding on their programs, playing a well-known election game by both Macron and Le Pen in the second round, as they attempt to share The votes of the lost socialist candidate Melanchon accept some of his ideas.
It should be noted that Le Pen’s party, founded by her father, Jean-Marie Le Pen, in the 1970s, was founded on the expulsion of foreigners, anti-Semitism and the nationalist obsession that the independence of Algeria rejected. Today, Le Pen tries to soften it all to market herself and appear less aggressive than her father, but those who follow her speeches hardly feel a major change in the party’s approach, except for the sake of demonstration and trying to choose phrases. For example, in her recent media interviews, it has emerged that she still maintains her extremist views against immigrants and their cultures, which are represented by the halal and hijab shops from which she wants to “liberate” Muslim women.
Anti-Muslim hatred was not the only thing that caused Le Pen to lose valuable votes, as she was also known as close to Russian President Vladimir Putin, who, like the racist candidate Eric Zemmour, did not admire her for his nationalist policies. did not hide. The memory of this relationship was very embarrassing for politicians from the populist currents, whether European or French, because it came at a time when European peoples following the Ukrainian tragedy saw the man as an aggressor and a threat to the safety of the region. .