Will the high prices change the marriage habits of the Egyptians? | Lifestyle

Cairo The repercussions of the continued decline of the Egyptian pound against the dollar have cast a shadow over the cost of marriage, in a country that sees about one million marriage contracts annually, after the prices of gold, furniture, power tools and marital requirements between 30% and 40%, in addition to housing, which made the majority of Egyptian families continue to meet the customs And the traditions of marriage are difficult in light of this high.

The newlyweds in Egypt share the cost of marriage, but there is a big difference between the regions, whether in Upper Egypt (in the south of the country) or the Delta (north) or even in the larger capital, which the Governors of Cairo, Giza and Qalyubia, on the details of this partnership, its percentage and the share of each party.

The price of a gram of 21 carat gold, the most common in the “bridal network”, recorded its highest price point in Egypt, after reaching 1,100 pounds ($ 59.5) without craftsmanship, and the price of furniture and more if 30 increased. % of all kinds, and the prices of electrical, household and kitchen utensils jumped And other household necessities for almost the same.

Egypt was forced to devalue the pound by 14% last March, before continuing to fall to 19%, to fall to around £ 18.75 per dollar from the £ 15.75 level; As a result of the repercussions of the Russian war on Ukraine and the disruption of primary and commodity markets and supply chains.

Azhar Awareness Campaigns

Al-Azhar was aware of this problem at the beginning of 2020, that is, before the outbreak of the Corona pandemic in Egypt and the world and the rise of its economic consequences, and the Al-Azhar International Center for Electronic Fatwa an awareness campaign launched to address the high prices of dowry and the cost of marriage, under the title “The Most Blessed Ones”; Revival of the guidance of our Master Mohammed, may God bless him and give him peace, in this regard.

Since then, the campaign has not stopped, and Al-Azhar has launched similar campaigns, the most recent of which was the launch of the “Welcome to Marriage” rehabilitation program, by giving lectures in various governorates on raising awareness of the need to confront the phenomenon of high dowry and the cost of marriage.

The sheikh of Al-Azhar, dr. Ahmed Al-Tayeb, had earlier called to launch an awareness campaign in this regard; Because this exaggeration destroys the family before it is built, and causes the inability of some young people and families to pay these costs, thus delaying the marriage and increasing the prices of promiscuity.

Al-Azhar refuted the view of some families regarding the high price of dowry and the high value of the list of movable property as insurance for the girl against the betrayal of the man, explaining that the first of these is the guardian’s interest in some cases. which must be taken into account when the marriage, which is the good choice of the man, so what is the advantage of assuring the girl if his marriage Of a man without honor and morals, or who does not bear responsibility or honesty.

Household appliance prices rise by more than 30% (Al-Jazeera)

How did the cost of marriage rise?

The question is now for millions of Egyptian families, how will they adapt to the increase in marriage costs in light of the constant high prices every day, are they going to give up some of their requirements regarding the furnishing of the marriage nest with a certain number of rooms and economy in the size and number of electrical and household appliances, reducing the value of dowry, and resorting to markets Popular and staying away from big fairs?

Goldsmith George Rizkallah, who owns a gold shop in one of the suburbs of Giza, the second largest governor in the country after Cairo in terms of population with about 9.5 million people, says that “the demand for gold for sale is weak, because of the high price of grams of gold, even by young people coming. ” About marriage, and on some occasions like Mother’s Day and others.

And in his speech to Al-Jazeera Net, he explained that some families have used many alternatives to overcome the obstacle of the high cost of the bride’s network, such as writing its face value in the list of movable property and ‘ a limited amount to buy, or agreed on money and not the number of fines, or agreed on the choice of lighter weights, especially since the gold ornament is for the bride.It can not be bypassed.

The same goes for furniture, electrical and household appliances and others affected by the high prices, which has forced Egyptian families to think of many alternatives, including reducing the number and quantity and choosing the cheaper types while keeping a minimum quality is maintained. according to the abilities of each family, according to dealers and exhibit owners who spoke to Al-Jazeera Net reporter.

Teacher Abu Ahmed al-Suri, who owns an exhibition and a furniture workshop in a suburb of Giza, said: “The prices of wood of all kinds have risen by more than 30%, and sometimes we do not find the material which is our need for manufacturing due to their shortage in the markets, and therefore the price of the bedroom or kitchen is rising day by day, and now it is going to inform the customer about the new price during the manufacturing period. ”

He added to Al Jazeera Net that some prefabricated furniture prefers to avoid daily increases, and others resort to the lowest-priced and medium-quality woods such as “counter” wood, and others shy away from one or two rooms or dining room and its accessories, and the furniture is characterized by great flexibility in prices according to the required and physical capabilities.

Furniture prices have risen by between 30% and 40% in the past month (Al-Jazeera)

Regarding household appliances, one of the sellers in one of the well-known commercial complexes in Giza said: “The household items that fall on the shoulders of the bride are expensive tools, but some of them prefer local and cheaper household items, and there are those who are eager to buy expensive tools because they are of the highest quality and have the longest lifespan. “.

He pointed out in his speech to Al Jazeera Net that the season of discounts, which is repeated on most occasions throughout the year; Like Mother’s Day, the end of the year, or Black Friday, it’s a golden opportunity for those who want to save money and buy other things, and want to reduce the bill.

Divorce is on the rise

Egypt’s population is 103 million, and the number of women is 48.5 million, which means there are 106 men for every 100 women, by the end of last February, according to the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (government) in its report on the occasion of International Women’s Day.

The number of marriage contracts in 2021 increased to 948 222 contracts, compared to 2020, when it was 876 015 contracts, an increase of about 12.3%, according to preliminary data from the Marriage and Divorce Bulletin.

The number of divorce certificates increased to 255.04 in 2021, compared to 2020, when it was 222 036, an increase of about 15%.

When these figures are compared with the statistics of 2016, before the repercussions of the pound flotation crisis appeared in November of the same year, some figures seem worrying, as the number of marriage contracts at that time reached 938 000, compared to about 948 000, a slight increase, taking into account The population was with about 10 million people less, and the number of divorce certificates in 2016 was only 198 thousand cases, compared to about 255 thousand cases, an increase of 28.7%.

Fees and burdens have increased in marriage projects, raising fears of unwillingness among young people (Al-Jazeera)

Treat marriage as a commodity

Al-Jazeera Net correspondent spoke to one of the young men who wanted to get married – named Mustafa – about his plans to complete the life project, but he stressed that “unfortunately the project has not been completed, despite the big deal between me and my fiancé, and agreement on broad lines such as the net, furniture, household and electrical appliances, curtains, rugs and Najaf. ” .

He explained that the bride’s father had told him about the decision to expand the list of movable property and change it, and “requested things on which we did not agree and claimed that prices had risen sharply and that the current list was not worthy. of his daughter, and unfortunately all the family’s attempts to change his mind were in vain, and I had to break off the engagement for this reason. Prices. ” has increased. “

Inheritances and customs leading to imprisonment

Due to some social legacies, customs and traditions, some Egyptian families were burdened with the issue of preparing their children, whether young men or women, and some exaggerated spending, which led to the existence of negative phenomena such as the ” phenomena “. of debtors. “

According to local newspapers, the number of fines is around 30,000, representing 30% of the number of female prisoners in Egyptian prisons. Some mothers issue trust receipts for the remaining money they have borrowed in exchange for purchasing marriage supplies, while others struggle to paid for years.

Due to some social legacies, customs, and traditions, some Egyptian families carry heavy burdens to prepare their children (Al-Jazeera)

Marriage turned into an auction

The family and social adviser, dr. Manal Khader, believes that the crisis is in exaggeration, not in high prices, and says: “The origin in Islam is facilitation in marriage,” the least of them in dowry is the most blessing. “With the phrase” the best of righteousness is urgent “, and that was the title of Egyptian families.

In her speech to Al-Jazeera Net, she blamed the media, especially the drama that promoted exaggeration and changed the customs and usages of the Egyptians, so that palaces, villas, cars and luxury jewelry were issued, and some semi-men calibrated their wives that they were cheap and that her family married her without a price and became one of the ways to waste the woman’s dignity in times of disputes, Families began to lay burdens on the groom and , in return, to lay burdens on the bride, and marriage was turned into an auction between Egyptian families.

Khader believed that due to the high prices, it became necessary for the newlyweds and their families to be gentle and facilitative in the marriage for young people to overcome the problem of spinachiness and the unwillingness of young people to get married due to the outrageous high prices and low incomes, and from “my position as a family counselor, I see that young people have become more mature and realistic and free from many burdens and burdens. And fathers and mothers will follow their children.”

To address the phenomenon of high dowry and the cost of marriage, Samia Khader, professor of sociology at Ain Shams University, called for raising awareness among Egyptian families in rural and urban areas not to apply for marriage not exaggerate.

In press releases, she criticized the unprecedented exaggeration in Egyptian society in the preparation of brides and noted that what some families do is not commensurate with their income, and therefore they fall into the trap of borrowing trust receipts and signing what they have. freedom food.

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