Armed with technology .. fierce competition

All international news agencies and newspapers this week circulated a report released by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), confirming that the volume of military spending was growing at an accelerating pace and for the seventh year in a row, the volume of global defense spending exceeded $ 2 trillion for the first time and reached $ 2113 billion, an increase of 0.7 percent from 2020, and now represents 2.2 percent of the world economy, and as the competition of the largest countries such as the United States, China, Britain and Russia, it is not surprising in view of their enjoyment of the permanent seat on the Security Council, maintaining this position requires maintaining a similar level of armament between rivals, and thus a report on the increase in military spending among these countries may not give a clear picture of the gun fever which the world has been almost vi has not plagued for years and the reasons why it is gradually increasing even with the spread of the Corona pandemic 2020, providing evidence of this global race for armaments. This Japan, which maintains a military spending policy of no more than 1 percent of GDP, declares by the Minister of Defense 2021 its intention to increase military spending above it, amid assurances that military spending in Japan is a record high reached $ 47 billion in 2022. The Asian country also wants to increase defense and spending on space and cyber defense, which the Ministry of Defense has made to allocate about $ 300 billion to research and development, especially in improving its capabilities to use intercontinental missiles, an artificial intelligence. to intercept powered drones, and laser technologies to shoot down a drone. On the opposite side of the world, the German government spent 37 billion euros on defense in 2021, equivalent to 1.26 percent of GDP, and aims to reach 2 percent, bringing military spending to more than 70 billion euros in 2024 increase, which is almost Weakness. But as war rages in Ukraine, German Chancellor Olaf Schulz announced last February that the German government would allocate 100 billion euros from its 2022 budget for military investments, which is a reversal of a long-term German policy.
Last March, the European Union unveiled a more independent defense strategy for member states, and European leaders agreed to significantly increase their defense spending to increase member states’ ability to act independently beyond the 2 percent limit, which was considered sacred policy. . for decades, which encouraged Belgium.Denmark, Italy, Sweden and Romania are going to increase spending from 2 to 2.5 percent of GDP, and Poland close to the war plans to increase military spending next year to about 3 percent of GDP.
This is exactly the scene, as the fever of increased military spending sweeps the world from east to west, and the war in Ukraine has increased the pace of armaments, reinforcing expectations that defense spending will continue to rise in the coming years. rising from the aggravation of conflicts in the world. Here it is necessary to dwell on the trends of this spending, as the forms of wars and armed conflicts around the world have changed, following the world during the Russo-Ukrainian conflict from the scenes of electronic warfare before the outbreak of the armed conflict, and the use of drone technologies, monitoring devices, stealth aircraft and missiles High-resolution hypersonic claims that part of the logical explanation for the tendency to increase military spending is due to the rapid advances in military technology and qualitative innovations that contribute to increasing competitiveness in manufacturing and making transactions in a number of countries in the world. In this context, a study on nanotechnology in the military industries published in the US Defense Dossier Journal concluded that continued declines in government funding as well as increased international investment now threaten to shift the United States’ priority in this area, and that it is crucial for the United States to maintain federal funding for nanotechnology research and further stimulus research into a number of innovative technologies, ranging from small, unmanned systems to performance enhancement, enabling the development of revolutionary military capabilities that America’s military advantage in the future, and other studies have indicated that concerns about artificial intelligence increase and stimulate military spending, endorsed by famed physicist Stephen Hawking, who warned in an interview with the BBC that developments in artificial intelligence end of the human race can indicate, in a clear allusion to the development of military robotics technology and robot warfare. “The Intelligent Fighter” seeks to gain access to deadly weapons that are able to identify the target itself and distinguish it from others and attack it, and this brings the The human element is completely out of comparison, which makes that these new technologies such as robotics defy all legal, political and ethical frameworks. On the battlefield, and with these technical capabilities, it is difficult to ensure that military robots are kept in check and prevented from expanding the battlefield and adjusting the shape and number of targets according to field developments, causing thinking about great abomination which may exceed the abomination. left by the nuclear arms race, and if Google now plays a role With much research in the robotics industry, including military components, and with the capabilities and speed of technology companies like Google in technological transformation, the overall competitive landscape in weapons technology will accelerate, and the shifts can even become dramatic.

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