AI and robotics can have enormous benefits for societies, but they can also be used for harmful purposes if they fall into the wrong hands. People must therefore be prepared to keep abreast of developments in those areas and to use them responsibly, without compromising the basic principles of human rights protection.
In this context, the Future Center for Research and Advanced Studies has published a presentation by researcher Wafaa Al-Rehan on the book “The Five Forces that Change Everything: How Technology is Shaping Our Future” by Steve Hoffman, CEO of FounderSpace, one of the world’s leading emerging technology companies. He addressed questions about how technology is shaping our world and the future of the human race, by reviewing the five forces represented in: collective communication, bio-convergence, the expansion of humanity, deep automation and super-intelligence, and their different applications in all sectors of life.
This is the most prominent of what came in the book of American entrepreneur Steve Hoffman:
Throughout the history of mankind, mass communication came in waves, each of which permanently represented a turning point in human civilization, beginning with the spoken language, followed by the written, then Gutenberg’s printing press, through telecommunications, television and the internet. .
At each of these stages, information flowed through the ecosystem supporting these developments, represented by group communication, as is the case with algorithms from which humans could not benefit from creating products such as artificial intelligence without the availability of the enhanced environment for them. . The same goes for applications like YouTube and Netflix. There were dozens of online video services before the advent of high-bandwidth networks, but only with the advent of these networks did it succeed.
As the use of these socially-based technologies evolves, people will be able to communicate in ways we never thought possible, creating a richer and more dynamic world. Examples include:
Augmented reality: combining the digital world with the physical world, it’s an interactive experience of the real world, and Hoffman felt that augmented reality had some false beginnings, such as Google’s smart glasses, but now it’s advancing ‘ a remarkable pace, as there are an estimated one hundred million people using activated shopping technologies for augmented reality, and by 2025, the global retail reality augmented reality market is expected to reach $ 1.6 billion.
Primitive brain-reading devices: including electronic tattoos, which are thinner than paper like a first-aid kit, and anyone can put them on their skin, where they start reading brain waves. There are also other technologies that make the reading of the brain more accurate, such as quasi-ballistic photons that are able to penetrate the skull and see what is happening inside the brain.
The author defines bioconvergence as the power that drives people to merge biology with technology, decipher the basic building blocks of life, create completely new species of plants and animals, overcome diseases and increase human capabilities. There are many applications that scientists and genetic engineers are working on to take advantage of this convergence between biology and technology, including:
Extend life: Scientists and biologists around the world are experimenting with new ways to prolong life, so the company “Calico” created by Google has been searching for a cure for aging and increasing health capabilities using the latest science and technology.
The author believes that such research can contribute to increasing the average life expectancy of a person, by gaining access to treatment for serious diseases such as cancer, while acknowledging that even with the elimination of undesirable health conditions and the prolongation of life in the generally, it does not prevent the consequent death. For many reasons, on top of that accidents and conflicts, and therefore things can balance out at some point.
– CRISPR: This is a technology that can be used to change genes, by using CRISPR scientists can change certain genes in a plant or animal and then ensure that these genes are passed on to subsequent generations, and this technology helps to to save endangered species from animals, and the DNA of living organisms is also modified by Combine it to create exotic hybrids. This is exactly what scientists do with chimeras. Scientists use the term to describe any organism that contains a mixture of genetically different tissues that are formed by the fusion of early embryos, mutations or similar processes.
Hoffman gives an example of this with the pig whose organs are close to the size of human organs, and he says that by changing the pig genome to make it more compatible, scientists hope to create hybrid organs that are not affected by the human immune system. will not be rejected. system, given responses to the ethical issues it would raise.
The author means by the expansion of mankind that it is the power that pushes people to the familiar edges of the universe, that will introduce people to the quantum world and outer space, in order to exploit their enormous potential. Among its applications are:
Quantum Computers: Companies like Google are now trying to build the most powerful computers the world has ever seen, and a typical quantum system can calculate about a trillion moves per second. Using a quantum computer, Google was able to prove the randomness of the numbers produced by a random number generator. It would have taken 10,000 years to complete this calculation on the world’s fastest classic supercomputer, but it took a quantum computer only 3 minutes and 20 minutes. seconds. This means that the quantum system is more than 1.5 billion times faster than a classic supercomputer when this task is performed. Google’s experiment was a milestone because it showed quantum dominance, meaning that a quantum computer could solve problems that a conventional computer could not solve in a shorter time frame.
Another area in which quantum computers excel is in unstructured data processing; More than 2.5 quintillion bytes of data are generated every day, and that number is growing as more time is spent on the Internet and more devices are connected to it. Processing and making sense of all this data is a big thing, and here comes the role of the speed of quantum computers, which may soon help to extract executable information from the unstructured data that is currently in databases, which has a big impact on the field of artificial intelligence.
Hoffman says that for all the progress that has been made, the current generation of quantum computers is not only huge, but incredibly fragile. Even small vibrations or electromagnetic waves in the surrounding environment can affect superconducting metals and cause them to break apart, and these devices are also not suitable for the kind of work most people do on their phones and laptops. Thus, quantum computing can have the biggest impact when it comes to science.
Build a global space system: Space exploration is a growing industry with hundreds of companies as well as the world’s most powerful government space agencies, and eventually the health of the entire space ecosystem will transport people to Mars and beyond. NASA has some ideas about the genetic manipulation of new organisms that can survive in the difficult environment of Mars, and one of the other ideas that is ready for NASA is to move its production to space. “The production and assembly of robots in space are changing the indisputable rules of the game and essential capabilities for future space exploration.”
Hoffman defines deep automation as the power that drives people to automate all essential processes of managing, growing, and maintaining life through algorithms that will accelerate innovation, create wealth, and free people from the need to work. The author explains that robots cannot operate without intelligent algorithms that enable them to perform advanced tasks, and therefore artificial intelligence, not machines, will be the main driving force of automation moving forward. Examples of developments in automation are:
Smart cities: Countries like Saudi Arabia are fully building smart cities using the latest technologies to make cities more efficient, productive and environmentally friendly. The Saudis call this new city “NEOM”, and they want it to overtake Silicon Valley as an innovation hub. In the same vein, the Chinese city of “Xiong’an”, which is estimated to cost $ 580 billion to build, is considered by the Chinese government as a new technology center.
Police Automation: Predictive Police Company PredPol, used in more than forty police agencies across the United States, and its artificial intelligence work to predict where and when certain crimes will occur in a city, up to an area of 500x 500 square feet.
The company believes that its machine learning algorithms can help police departments improve resource use and reduce crime rates. On the other hand, the police also use drones to map cities, monitor traffic flow, chase suspects and investigate crime scenes. atmosphere, and even 3D reconstructions of accidents.
Factory automation and supply chains: China looks at deep automation as its future. With rising wages, despite the large number of factories in which it operates, China faces many pressures such as labor and energy costs. This is why they focus on automation to reduce costs. On the other hand, Chinese companies in the supply chain and logistics companies use artificial intelligence to automate everything, and Nuro, a start-up company that supplies self-driving robots, sends groceries to people’s homes.
According to the author, superintelligence is the force that drives us to develop new forms of intelligence that far exceed human capabilities, and will bring about conscious machines that drive economies and merge with human consciousness. With some computer scientists conceding that superintelligence will never be achieved, the author believes that it is only a matter of time before mankind comes up with new algorithms and techniques to improve machine intelligence. Among the applications of this power are:
The economies of artificial intelligence: Big data and artificial intelligence play a central role in controlling the market economy, and companies such as Facebook, Amazon and Google are working to use complex algorithms, along with large amounts of data, to predict markets and to obtain information. about the goods and services that people around the world need.
Finally, the author believes that these five forces are preparing to reform humanity in the coming decades, to completely transform our society and our lives, and that there is no way to return to simpler times, nor can we stop progress, but we can direct and change the direction in which we are heading.