Dr Mohamed Abdel-Aty, Minister of Water Resources and Irrigation, held a meeting with Eng Ahmed Abdel-Qader, Head of the Egyptian General Authority for Coastal Protection, to discuss the most prominent projects implemented in the field of Egyptian protection coast.
Dr Abdel-Aty said that the phenomenon of climate change and sea level rise represents a major challenge for a large number of countries in the world, especially on the coastal areas of deltas, which are characterized by low levels, which expose them to drowning. in seawater.
The Nile River Delta represents one of the most endangered areas in the world and is the most sensitive to climate change, making the conservation of coastal areas against the effects of current and future climate change, represented by sea level rise, a vital issue in order to preserve the safety of citizens and preserve existing investments in industrial and agricultural areas And tourism on the northern coast of Egypt, especially in the delta region.
In a way that enables future economic and social development and conserves natural resources for future generations, adding that given the great importance of the climate change file, Egypt looks forward to hosting the next climate conference and the Water Pavilion, which will be held is within its activities representing the African continent as a golden opportunity to present the challenges of the brown continent in the field of water.
He pointed out that the title “Water at the heart of climate action” was introduced at the fifth Cairo Water Week, which will be held before the climate conference.
He added that the projects being implemented and implemented in the field of beach protection are aimed at addressing the negative effects of climate change.
He explained that beach protection work has been carried out in recent years with lengths of up to 210 km, and work is being done to protect other lengths of up to 50 km in order to secure individuals and facilities in coastal areas.
And work to stop the deterioration of the shoreline in areas suffering from severe erosion factors, and to repair beaches lost due to erosion, which contribute to the increase of tourism revenue in areas where protection works are carried out, and the protection of agricultural land located. behind protection works.
Stabilization of tourist areas and the acquisition of new areas for tourism purposes, and the protection of some towns and low-lying areas against the dangers of immersion in seawater.
Protection works also contribute to the development of fishery richness in the northern lakes by working to develop and develop the boreholes of these lakes, to ensure the quality of the lakes’ water through the movement of seawater and lakes entering, to improve.
Among the most prominent projects implemented to protect the beaches of the city of Alexandria, the Corniche and Beaches Protection Project, where the process of strengthening and developing the Corniche to Mansheya and the Raml station around the ancient Corniche wall were completed and to protect the Corniche Road by constructing a sea wall 835 meters long using 5-ton concrete blocks and stones of different grades.
Carrying out the repair and maintenance of concrete slabs along the Corniche wall for a distance of 350 meters, in addition to the process of completing the construction of a series of underwater barriers in Alexandria around the beaches and the Corniche road in the Saraya Beach area to protect and in front of the El Mahrousa Hotel, by building an L-shaped tongue in front of the El Mahrousa Hotel, with a length of about 600 meters. And the construction of a lighthouse with a length of 155 meters, given the area’s exposure to high waves, and this project will contribute to the restoration of the beaches that were lost by the sea.
This enables the Governor of Alexandria to maximize the benefit from the investments made in the area. A project to protect the coast of Alexandria from Bir Massoud to El Mahrousa is also underway, through the establishment of 2 immersion barriers in front of the area with a length of about 1600 meters and a width of 40 meters and feed sand in the beach area behind barriers Underwater waves with a width of about 30 meters.
In light of the projects implemented to protect the archaeological sites in Alexandria, the Coast Guard is currently implementing the process of protecting the Qaitbay citadel in Alexandria to protect it from high waves and continuous erosion in the main rock on which the castle is located. is.
In addition to developing the area around the castle to attract and stimulate tourism investment by building a 520 meter golf wall, a 100 meter long marina, a 120 meter concrete walkway, a 30 meter stone tongue and sand feed.
The government is also implementing the process to protect and strengthen the archaeological sea wall in Montazah to protect the sea wall and the Montazah Bridge to the lighthouse from high waves and the ongoing erosion operations, which caused cracks and partial collapses of the sea wall . and the foundations of the archaeological bridge.
A 280-meter-long sea wall is built of graded stones and concrete blocks, which reinforces the foundations of the bridge, the archaeological sea wall, the lighthouse turning area, treats and reinforces the collapsed part of the archaeological wall, and implements concrete slabs on top. the concrete wall.
In the field of coastal protection of the delta, a project is being implemented to protect the scaffolding area in front of the navy in Abu Qirbaai, and the dredging project for the mouth of the Nile, the Rashid branch, in the governors of Kafr El -Sheikh and Beheira, with a width of about 100 meters and a length of about 2 km.
The digging and dredging of the deposited sand on the east side of the Nile, which is about 2 km from the Bougass Rashid opening and in a southerly direction, was carried out to facilitate navigation.
It is worth mentioning that the Coastal Protection Authority has implemented several projects to protect the low-lying coastal areas west of the Rashid Branch estuary in the new Rashid area in Buhaira Governor, and a project to protect the coastal area north of Ghalioun Dam by the construction of 16 stone heads.
And the project to protect low-lying areas from west of Burullus to the mouth of the Rashid branch, with a length of 29 km, and a project to protect low-lying areas from the western entrance to Gamasa city west of the new city of Mansoura, with a length of 12 km.
And the project to protect the area east of the sea heads carried out east of the Kouchner drain and sand feeding, as well as the implementation of protection works in the city of Ras El Bar by implementing the process of protecting the area west of the Ras El Bar tongue with the rehabilitation of the sea wall west of the tongue.
Consolidation and rehabilitation of the breakwaters, protection and dredging of the Gamasa estuary, and implementation of works to protect the Gulf areas, east of Damietta Port, west of Ras El Bar and east of Ezbet El Borj.
In the city of Marsa Matrouh, the project to protect and develop the Gulf of Marsa Matrouh city was completed by the work of languages to protect the southern region of the Gulf, the Marsa Matrouh Corniche, from the accelerated erosion before it.
Maintaining suitable depths for navigation in the nearby shipping lane parallel to the coastline, preventing sedimentation of sediment, developing tourism, creating jobs for the people of Marsa Matruh, and increasing the economic return of the governor.
In light of what Al-Obeid Beach, one of the beaches of Marsa Matrouh, faces from the withdrawal of the shoreline, which threatens existing investments, the Beach Protection Authority has established 5 rock protection heads within the sea, which are T-shaped breaking waters with lengths of about 50 to 75 meters between them Intermediate distances of about 300 meters.
Work is underway in the second phase of protection work, which is the work of a group of tongues (barriers) with 20 heads of barrier east of the current barriers, to protect the Al-Obeid area and the new Al-Obeid Corniche with a length of about 4 kilometers. This shift is scheduled to end in May 2024.