3,000 years ago the British got half of their genes from France | Sciences

The process of analyzing the genetic material in this human remains was greeted with disapproval by some, for fear that it might lead to trouble and strife.

An in-depth study of ancient DNA samples by an international team showed that a large wave of migration from France may also have brought the first Celtic languages ​​across the English Channel to Britain 3,000 years ago.

One of the most complex puzzles

Author Franz Leeds says in this report published by the American newspaper “The New York Times” that the scientific journal Nature announced 3 years ago the success of joint research efforts between several countries (led by David Reich, a geneticist at the University of … Harvard) was able to uncover one of the most complex mysteries in the prehistoric era in Britain, as researchers were able to, by analyzing the DNA remains in the remains of 400 European people, prove that nomadic shepherds 4 500 years ago moved from the plains of the eastern edge of Europe to Central The continent, and in some parts of it, trace their DNA back to 75% of the inherited genes of the current population.

Thereafter, the descendants of these nomads migrated west to Britain, where they mingled with the Neolithic population, to the extent that within a few hundred years these newcomers represented more than 90% of the genes of this island, so this research shows that Britain was completely recolonized on the part of these immigrants.

DNA remains analyzed in the remains of 400 European people (Pixabe)

Large migration

And last Wednesday, the journal Nature published a new research article in which Dr. Reich provided incredible information on the genomic history of Britain, and this study – in which 223 researchers participated – documents a large, previously unknown migration to Britain between 1300 and 800 BC, as the analysis of the acid Al-Nawawi in the remains of 793 people revealed a mass exodus in the late Bronze Age that brought about half of the ancestors of the inhabitants of England and Wales, and this discovery may solve another mystery in British history, considering taken that this exodus may have brought the first Celtic languages ​​of Europe to this island.

According to the results, the presence of the ancestors of European farmers increased during the period between 1000 and 875 BC only in southern Britain and not in the north, and these new arrivals tune into genes similar to those of the ancient inhabitants of France.

These arrivals represent half the genetic composition of the population of southern Britain during the Iron Age, which began in about 750 BC and continued until the extent of the arrival of the Romans in the year 43 AD, which is the previous results of DNA analysis explains, which focused on this period and showed that the European presence in Britain It was marginal.

The author quotes Ian Armitt, an archaeologist at York University and one of the participants in this research, that scientists have long believed that movements across the English Channel during the Middle and Late Bronze Age were limited to commercial exchanges, and long-distance travel was limited to a minority of traders and military groups, but DNA samples show that large numbers of people from all walks of life were traveling to Britain.

The movement of people across the English Channel shaped Britain in the Bronze Age (the island).

Human movement is the factor

The author says that the results of this study represent a great victory for science, and give a look at Britain in the Bronze Age, the movement of population through the centuries, and its effects on the cultural and linguistic level.

He pointed out that dr. Reich – which is a pioneer in the field of ancient genetics – was able to analyze a large number of ancient DNA samples, thanks to technological development that made this process easier and cheaper, as the team of researchers determined. the DNA sequence of the remains of ancient skeletons.Then compare it with genetic samples of living people, to determine the genetic characteristics of people who lived long ago, a process that all archaeologists and excavations have not achieved.

On the other hand, the author points out that the process of analyzing the genetic material in these human remains has been welcomed by some, for fear that it would lead to problems and strife, as conducting these analyzes in other regions raises questions about the reality of the indigenous people in some countries, which will fuel nationalism and xenophobia.

Dr Reich points out that the movement of people has always been the factor leading to the transmission and development of languages, and it is clear that the wave of immigration from Europe was the cause of the spread of the first Celtic dialects in Britain, as this language is agreed by all that it is descended from the Indo-European languages, and it spread from Europe is heading west, but there was disagreement about how and when it would move to Britain.

These new results suggest that the speakers of this language began to spread in Britain through the city of Kent, located in the southeast of England, separated from the French coast by the English Channel.

These results confirm that Celtic speakers then transmitted their language to the north, west and south of England until their language became the tyrant in most parts of Britain, before new languages ​​later emerged with waves of immigration, such as Latin introduced by the Romans were brought. , English brought by the Anglo-Saxon, and Norwegian language brought It by the Vikings, and French by the Normans.

Leave a Comment