The discourse of the digital divide … a discourse of disguise, error and deception – Agadir 24

Agadir 24 | Agadir24

It is common for historians to say that the twenty-first century is the century that separates two separate historical eras, before and after the information revolution. It can be said that our era is the era of the digital revolution par excellence, but in the development and backward societies you will find a great difference in the distance that separates them from the forefront of the digital race, which led to the emergence Of a digital divide or gap between advanced and developing societies, and this gap or gap is called the “gap”. digital “.

The term digital divide has spread among all languages ​​among people and its echo has spread in colleges, universities, schools, scientific and research centers and is used by many international organizations and international multinational companies, and mainly for those interested in information development issues until it has looked like it was a fad or a fad. And everyone who does not keep up with this digital fashion is out of the herd.

The “digital divide” is a general term in the discourse of information development, and it refers to the gap between developed and developing countries in access to information and knowledge resources and the ability to exploit it for development purposes. The field of communication and information technology between one country and another, or a block and another, or between one continent and another), which is (the sum of the inequalities associated with the field of the so-called new information and communication technology … or cases of inequality in the use or access to mobile phones and the internet …) d. Yahya Yahyaoui.

To simplify and bring the concept closer, the digital divide is measured on the basis of criteria such as: the expansion of electronic connectivity – the spread of e-learning and distance learning – the development of electronic business – the use of digital technology in services – developing software exports …

All of these above definitions attempt to market the digital divide and present it as a purely technological problem embodied in a lack of technological devices and information and communication networks without affecting it with any social, cultural or political dimension in any form or connect any shape. degree, whether within a single society or between societies.These definitions and the like try to establish in their recipients a misleading belief that the digital divide has been cut off from the social, political or cultural framework that prevails in society. It is a misleading discourse and a misrepresentation of the truth, and the deceptions in this discourse are marketed as saying that the problem of the “digital divide” is a purely technological problem, so how is it?

  • First, it is a discourse that makes information and communication technology an end in itself, and it is a deception followed by a deception. Technology with all its tools is only a means or a tool that is acquired and ‘ a more general and comprehensive framework that guarantees his employment in a way that achieves the goals of the person who acquires them and meets his real needs. Technology and its world is not just computers, cell phones or the internet, it is ultimately nothing more than the last scene of technology. As for the first scene, it is the infrastructure based on scientific research centers and modern universities equipped with advanced human and scientific capabilities, and the appropriate political climate for the development of laws and legislation to prepare And the formation of human capital to perform the tasks of research and development.
  • Secondly, it is a discourse that makes the “digital separation” the whole, the original and the beginning. The solution to the problems of poverty in the eyes of servants and proponents of digital life is more technology, and the solution to the problems of globalization is more possession of scientific and technological capabilities, and solving society’s problems of unemployment, disease, ignorance, and illiteracy requires visionaries. -slave. This is the very deception and cunning that is being propagated by the worshipers of digital technology.

The digital divide is the branch and the deceptive aspect of the discourse of information development.When we find a nation that does not have all or some of its members electronic devices or electronic services, or they do not have the means of modern electronic luxury and other means of modern digital life, then their society certainly suffers from many gaps (the poverty gap – The employment gap – the education gap – the health care gap – the housing gap – the food gap – the income gap – and above the layer of poverty gaps the layer drives political, economic, educational and scientific gaps …

A – The political gap leads to poverty in freedom, justice and respect for human rights, and does not allow the freedom of information to circulate, but rather arrests information and the truth with an arsenal of laws restricting its circulation, based on a long-standing bureaucratic legacy that prevents it from circulating and circulating freely within society. Therefore, there is no solution to the digital divide without spreading democracy and increasing the participation of the masses in political decision-making and to provide the conditions and conditions that ensure the promotion of capabilities and powers to ensure a conscious collective ownership of technology. not.

B – The social gap and embodies the inequality in the distribution of wealth and the inequality in the level of education, health and housing, so it is necessary to provide social and cultural conditions that help to establish technology in the local soil. And when we transfer a technology to a particular society without being closely related to the active and useful science in this society or to the basic needs of this society, it is an “apparent” technology or a “rootless technology”. “, which requires the inspiration of technological policies that respond to the needs and peculiarities of society that deal with technology. .

C- The economic gap represented by the weakness of individual and public incomes and the fragility of production bases within the economy, and the “digital divide” is a socio-economic problem where it is necessary to close these social, economic and political gaps resolve if they are a condition for resolving the digital divide.

D – The scientific and cultural gap and what caused it in terms of the decline in the values ​​of science, research and development, the spread of illiteracy, the decline in the performance of educational institutions, the decline in interest in culture and public affairs , the appearance of superficial culture and the pursuit of foreign values.

Therefore, in the presence of all these gaps, it should be emphasized that the digital divide is only a branch of its roots in the previous gaps.

Digital technology and the conquest of thoughts and values

There is no doubt that the technical revolution is a very important event, it is rather a “qualitative leap” in human productive capabilities, and the proponents of the digital divide insist on establishing communication and information networks and internet services and people to use them in isolation from the elimination of the educational, social, political and cultural gap No solutions can be proposed. an approach without a societal horizon or a socio-political cultural vision for change and modernization – Jamal Muhammad Ghaitas.

The technical and economic view of digital life has transformed these millions of people into an ideal market for the disposal of technological goods and commodities, but the drain this time is not for digital resources, but for thoughts and values, and the invasion today is not only with goods and devices, but with foreign cultural content sent through information and communication networks, which is more dangerous from military and colonial conquest. Possession of digital technology can not be reduced to a technical-economic dimension, knowing that the process of ownership is closely linked to other societal manifestations such as scientific research, media, education ….

Based on these data and these preliminary observations, we conclude that the discourse of digital technology transfer is a discourse of camouflage and a delusion, a discourse that is incapable of discovering the very complex reality of our societies. not.Conscious possession of technology.

The “digital divide” is not behind the economic and social gap, as the latter precedes by all measures, but it deepens it and makes it more important for those vulnerable to poverty and exclusion, so the gap becomes a new one. a gap between generations, as some say – (Dr. Yahya Al Yahyaoui)

Regarding this digital modernity, Nietzsche shouted in the face of his negative and negative phenomena in life and said: (Beware of this technological advancement that has no end but itself, beware of its hellish movement that does not stop at a limit not … Beware of the era of nihilism in which man lives under the weight of the machine or As a machine is, obedient and addicted ..) With the same critical vision of technical modernity, the German sociologist Max Weber expressed his rejection and warns mankind to the negative and deceptive aspects of technical modernity, indicating that the endlessly accelerating technological progress can become an end in itself rather than just a means of pleasing man, as he warned (to the magic of the remove world face and make it look gloomy).

Therefore, it is absurd to propose any solutions to the digital divide in isolation from the removal of the political, social and cultural gaps. It is also very absurd to propose any solutions to the digital divide in the light of the unbalanced relations between developing and developed countries or between countries of the North and South and the unfair and narrow relations of interests between multinational companies, their rules and extensions Social Studies in Developing Countries (Jamal Mohamed Ghaitas).

Mohamed Badra

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