Algerian researcher Yamina Bouchikh produces leather goods from bacteria and organic waste | Sciences

As a researcher, I have found the field of entrepreneurship very interesting in terms of the level of freedom it offers to develop, develop, and work on a scientific idea, even though I am the only one who believes in it.

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Young Algerian researcher Yamina Bouchikh (37 years old) in her scientific research focused on the nutrition of bacteria and the provision of suitable conditions for their growth and reproduction to exploit them in the production of useful organic materials instead of fighting them and eliminate, which brought her advantage. praise and encouragement from the European Union.

In an interview with Al Jazeera Net over the phone and social media, Yamina talks about the other side of these microscopic creatures we are fighting.

  • First, we would like to know which research center you currently occupy?

I am currently working as a researcher at the National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRAA) “INRAA” in Algeria as a doctor of biology and head of a research team specializing in the evaluation of natural plant, bacterial and fungal resources for use in various fields, including agriculture, where we are engaged in the production of fertilizers and organic pesticides using local fungi and plants.

Yamina Bousheikh was praised by the European Union and encouraged for her research and practical applications (communication websites)
  • How did your interest in environmental sciences begin?

In fact, I spent most of my childhood on my grandfather’s farm, may God have mercy on him, and he was very attached to his land, passionate and dedicated to its service, so he put it in ‘ an area changing where many vegetables and fruits grow and many animals live.

And because he was a bit talkative and a lot of work and lived alone in a modest room, he kept my mind very busy and turned into a source of inspiration, automatically pushing me to love the earth and love him interest in biology and the environment in particular, I obtained several certificates, including a state engineer in environmental systems, and a master’s degree in environment and plant physiology.

  • You are working on beneficial bacteria, can you give us more details about the research in this field?

Joining the National Institute for Agricultural Research and being involved in research teams and projects has interested me in microbiology, “the world of bacteria”, but from a different perspective than my colleagues, researchers in this scientific field usually importance in the damage caused by bacteria and their negative effects on plants and agricultural products, and for this we find most of the projects Research focuses on studying how to eliminate or reduce the impact of these microscopic creatures.

While my scientific background has enabled me to form a different view of this hidden world, and has encouraged me to focus rather on the active and important role of these beings in the biological system, which is not something new, since humans have always had bacteria in various industries, including the manufacture of food and fermented beverages.

  • How can we practically benefit from bacteria?

The challenges of the current era push us to change our view of the ways of producing that we consume due to the negative impact that polluting industry has on the environment. Therefore, the use of bacteria is interesting as the most advanced biological factory on Earth, in terms of its ability to manufacture and produce various materials at the lowest economic and environmental costs.

Personally, I consider bacteria to be the leader of all organisms and have an intelligent and useful character, which is a trait that can not be missed, and which requires more attention and innovation to apply it to sustainable ecological materials such as vegetable hides create.

Vegan leather made by Yamina Bouchikh Foundation using bacteria (websites)
  • By naming the process of manufacturing material using bacteria. She founded the first start-up company to do this, tell us about it

The project started after we participated in a regional program “Next Society” based on helping researchers develop their research into start-up projects, and we got first place in Algeria, which enabled us to benefit draws from training in various topics related to entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship. financial support to develop the project.

It is an emerging company called “Tanmou” (TANMU) that manufactures materials we need in our daily lives such as leather and cloth in an innovative way and at the lowest economic and environmental cost by using bacteria. In turn, it produces polymeric compounds that transform us in an innovative way in the laboratory in vegetable leather, and we are still working to develop the company and market bacterial skin to fashion companies and fashion designers in the Arab world.

Vegetarian leather produced by Tenmou is transformed into useful crafts (networking sites)
  • Finally, how can scientific research push for entrepreneurship?

As a researcher, I have found the field of entrepreneurship very interesting in terms of the level of freedom it offers to develop, develop, and work on a scientific idea, even though I am the only one who believes in it.

Entrepreneurship has led me to believe that my small company, for example, is capable of influencing society more economically and environmentally than working as a researcher who spends most of her time in the laboratory producing scientific research that has no impact on the economy has not. and society.

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