Deferred adoption of the Personal Data Act threatens the security of the digital world

Ibrahim Al Mubaidin
Amman- As digital transformation processes expand in various economic sectors and the volume of data for individuals and companies doubles within various digital platforms, there is growing concern day by day that this data will be exploited for illegal purposes.
In light of this intertwining, experts in the field of technology emphasize the priority of speeding up the adoption of a law to protect personal data.
Experts show that speeding up the creation of such legislation is now more necessary than ever, especially with the expansion of controversial concepts such as “digital domination” by a small group of individuals and global technology companies that may be targeting user data in the digital world and politically. Economically and socially in different countries of the world.
Last March, the Parliamentary Economy and Investment Committee began discussing a draft law on the protection of personal data with the government and the private sector.
The head of the committee, Deputy Khair Abu Sa’ilek, reaffirmed to Al-Ghad that such a law is an important and in-depth piece of legislation that needs extensive discussion because of its importance in supporting the digital transformation process and investing in to support the data. and technology industry.
He said: “After the royal decree was issued yesterday to abolish the first regular session of the 19th National Assembly which starts next Sunday, the draft law on the protection of personal data will be moved to the next ordinary session, or to the extraordinary session as a royal decree is issued to convene it and include the law in it. ”
Jordan’s expert in technology, information security and privacy Husam Khattab stressed the importance of promoting and raising awareness of the concept of personal data protection and recognized it as a basic right of individuals in societies.
A speech delivered at the ISACA North America conference last week, which specializes in the risks of information systems and cybersecurity, said that digital transformation efforts are increasing worldwide, and the volume of digital personal data increases dramatically over time, and the existence of laws to protect personal data has become a necessity that enhances confidence in digital economies, their stability, and future growth.
Khattab said, “Privacy and the protection of personal data have major dimensions in economic and social affairs, in improving digital trust and achieving the added value of investing in the information technology sector and emerging technologies, and in building a integrated system that supports this goal. within the various digital transformation efforts. “
He stressed the importance of raising awareness and emphasizing the importance of protecting personal data and recognizing it as a basic right of individuals in societies.
He pointed to the need to expedite the adoption of a law to protect personal data in Jordan, which countries in the world and the Arab region preceded us, such as the UAE, Qatar, Bahrain, Egypt and Saudi Arabia. Arabia, which enacted a law. months ago.
In turn, technology expert Wasfi Al-Safadi said that “what is happening in the digital world today requires countries to review their laws, including the law on personal data protection, cyber security and digital identity. , in addition to everything related to technological development in terms of systems and legislation to ensure digital protection for all. ” .
He pointed out that today’s users’ data is used by electronic means of communication, and therefore we contribute to the growth and profits of these companies without sharing these proceeds with the data owner or even with the state.
He pointed out that European countries are among the first countries to adopt laws to protect personal data and have forced some technology giants to endorse such legislation and protect their citizens from the unfair exploitation of their rights, as a new study has shown that fines be imposed for transgressions. of the European Union’s privacy legislation has increased almost sevenfold in the past year.
In a published report, the law firm DLA Piper said that EU data protection authorities have imposed a total of $ 1.25 billion in fines for violations of the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation since 28 January 2021, compared to about $ 180 million a year earlier.
Al-Safadi stressed the importance of what’s happening in the digital world in recent times, as digital acquisitions and dominance have become prominent on the scene, pointing to the acceleration of the processes of building virtual worlds and markets associated with the expansion has spread. of companies in the introduction of these digital services and products.
And he indicated that these digital worlds will become like any other country, with the difference that any person can own these worlds and get to know people and build an integrated digital society of virtual people without any social, moral or other controls that recognized in us. daily lives.
The Jordanian Open Source Association “JOSA” earlier this year called for the adoption and issuance of a law on personal data protection in light of the expansion and widespread use of the Internet and data over the World Wide Web and the importance of protecting them in a world that is turning completely digital in all its sectors.
Jossa stressed that comprehensive data protection legislation is needed to protect human rights and promote many related freedoms, and in view of the rapid development in the digital world and the increasing reliance on personal data, it is necessary to find legal guarantees not to to exploit data. and not to infringe on the privacy of citizens by emphasizing the A-set of rights referred to in the draft law, in particular the right of prior consent, the right to object to data processing, and the right to forget and anonymise word.
Jossa pointed out the importance of the law, which aims to guarantee the right to privacy and improve all the rights and freedoms provided for in the Jordanian constitution, and the benefits it will bring to citizens and their data against will protect any illegal exploitation.
The association also asked that certain aspects that the bill omitted should be addressed, such as considering biometric data as sensitive data in accordance with the law, providing additional protection for sensitive personal data, extending its umbrella and penalties imposed related, to increase.
The association stressed the need to give greater independence to the Personal Data Protection Board, which the bill seeks to establish, as the proposed formula could result in a conflict of interest and reduce its ability to to hold state agencies accountable in the event of a breach of data privacy, which could lead to a loss of confidence in the Council as a defender of data Civil privacy.
In turn, the representative of the communications and information technology sector in the Jordanian Chamber of Commerce, Engineer Haitham Al-Rajbeh, said that the importance of the government’s approval of the draft law on the protection of personal data the position of the Kingdom strengthen. among the countries that regulate the digital environment in light of the great acceleration that the world is witnessing in the field of digital transformation.
And he pointed out that the draft law improves the rights and freedoms provided for in the Jordanian constitution and prevents attacks on the rights of citizens and residents to protect their personal data from any violations or illegal exploitation thereof.
Al-Rawajba explained that the draft law contributes to the improvement of the necessary confidence in the participation of the digital economy and the encouragement of electronic commerce and services in the Kingdom, and stresses the importance of continuing its adoption within the constitutional channels, leading to the National Assembly for approval in its final form.
He pointed out that the provisions of the draft law aim to find a legal framework that balances the mechanisms of individuals’ rights to protect their personal data, and that allows data and information to be processed and stored in the light of cyberspace, and the dissemination of big data concepts and artificial intelligence.
He reiterated the importance of training, educating and educating employees and staff about the mechanism of data protection and storage in a correct way, the use and change of passwords, and attention and awareness of social engineering, which is one of the biggest causes of security. violations.

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