Many philosophers throughout history have not yet reached us
Dr. Rabia Jalti
Where are the female philosophers in the ancient intellectual history of mankind? This is how the hurtful question surprised me as I carefully considered the details of the symposium in Athens, and I could almost hear the voices of the interviewers and the interlocutors who inhabited the beautiful place and surrounded it from all four sides … Where are they? Where did their traces disappear? And before that it is Théano, the philosopher, how to verify its effects. She was a contemporary of Pythagoras in the sixth century BC in Athens, and she was one of his first circles, and his disciples and those close to him. , until some thought she was his wife. Because of the importance of her presence and distinction in her discussions and ways of presenting her ideas, she was said to be a descendant of the philosopher Prontinos. In any case, it is difficult to overlook what Tiano added to the Pythagoreans in the art of dialogue and the rituals of the intellectual circle, but unfortunately there is not a wealth of tangible and written material that confirms this, but even the few texts that the time crossed is still questionable in their authenticity and documentation, and not only that. The name “Tiano” is no longer referred to alone, having been mentioned many times to indicate other female philosophers who came to her, and who in turn contributed to the enrichment of the philosophical climate since the sixth century BC and beyond. We can understand from this that it is an indication of the philosophical and historical value of what Tiano created and did not achieve us, and it can also indicate the qualitative and numerical existence of many other philosophers who shone with their intellectual presence and debates in the various philosophical councils, but their names were deliberately excluded, so their names were neglected and their ideas leaked into the books of their colleagues. They were all called Tiano. injected with it. Maybe to avoid multiplicity. You had no luck with them. They are all in one and one in all … So they are all placed in one basket, which is “Tiano” to represent “Feminist philosophy”, or something similar to feminist literature … One “Tiano” is enough. …
Madame de Style
Where are the philosophers … Where are their writings? Is it essential that they be written to exist in the collective human memory? These Socrates did not write a letter, nor did Buddha or Epictète … “Happy”, however, led those who came to them to write for them and about them, and to write down their philosophy. What if the philosopher Socrates (470 – 399 BC), if this father of philosophy himself wrote something. If he left a direct impact, instead of his student Plato doing it to him, Plato breaking down the value of women? Who knows, maybe Socrates told us about that philosopher who was contemporary with him and filled the world and occupied it, and kept people busy with her intelligence, wit, speech and ideas. She is Aspasia. If Socrates, in spite of his strange attitude – when he demanded that the execution hall of his trial of women be emptied – and the readings of that order were numerous, if he had recorded his life himself and left a direct trace, he may have informed us of his great admiration for the mind of Aspasia, and told us of his presence and his dialogues. And his discussions in her working council or the philosophical “salon” of Aspasia in our contemporary term, Aspasia, that philosopher, were not only admired by Socrates, but also by the whole world at that time. The philosopher Socrates did not hide his astonishment with her enlightened mind, culture and conversations, but more than that, he preferred her over his interlocutors and disciples in his famous public dialogue philosophical sessions. Aspasia was blessed with great love and respect from her husband, Périclès, a strongman at a time when Greece was powerful. Pericles, who also led the cultural and political life and aligned his elders from Socrates to Herodotus to Sophocles … But where did Aspasia’s ideas, opinions and the juice of her thinking go?
Socrates wrote nothing except that Plato, along with Xénophon, Euclid de Mégare and others, were most interested in writing the work of their teacher Socrates after being executed for his views by a dose of poison. But Plato, when man in his time reached the point of spiritual abstraction, how did the idea come to him to erase the voices of these women from the track, obliterate their existence, and on top of their heads , and the impact of those who have discussed and questioned the nature of man’s relationship with things, and the relationship of things that exist between them, and they discuss ideas And even innovate others? How did his mind manage to ignore what the dialogues influenced him with high intelligence, wit, accuracy and privacy? It is no longer useful to admonish Plato, nor to admonish his student Aristotle, who went beyond his teacher to underestimate the value of women’s minds and did not hesitate in his further statement that women are inferior to men are and are not closer to children. or animals. The idea is to reach out to Malbranche, another disciple of the philosopher Descartes, to make matters worse. He does not hesitate to try to prove that the woman’s mind, which becomes intelligent when it comes to sensations, cannot produce philosophy because his inability to understand everything that is abstract!
Perhaps the philosopher Nicolas Malebranche never thought that Napoleon, who would come forty-four years after his death and be the most powerful of all, would be a true obsession with a female philosopher. She is Madame de Style, and he will chase and push her to emigrate and alienate, and narrow the roads for her … All to get rid of her thoughts and writings. Which led him to declare that he considered her his enemy, but rather one of his four sworn enemies: Russia, Prussia, England and Madame de Stael … Yes, that is Madame de Stael. A woman whose thoughts preceded Durkheim and Camus in many philosophical treatises, and it is also reported that Nietzsche delved into his mind from their source. This is Madame de Style the strength of weakness! She is a female philosopher, novelist. The woman who thinks, wonders, writes and makes history. It is unfair that the names of female resistance fighters, revolutionaries, female writers and singers appear in human history … Then the philosophical memory of Europe and its intellectual history preserves only a few names of philosophers such as: Simone de Beauvoir, Hannah Arendt, Simone Veil, and three of them from One century and one time.
Simone de Beauvoir
Where are the philosophers in the record of different and successive human civilizations? No problem, they are most likely many. This researcher Régine Pietra, for example, summarized some of them in her book “Philosopher Women in Greco-Roman Antiquity.” She mentioned forty-six names of female philosophers from different schools of Pythagoras or Epicurus or others, as researcher Gil Minaj counted. Gilles Ménage in his book “The History of Women Philosophers” fifty-six influential and brilliant names.
Where are the philosophers then? Where are their thoughts and writings with which they have blinded the orators, the modernists and the philosophers who sat in the most coveted of various assemblies? Were the male “philosophers” appropriated or obliterated by the “male” historians of philosophy? Or is it attached, annexed and nationalized within the masculine noun compounds? Did they steal their ideas and then hand over their entire names and history to oblivion? Is it a “gender” racist habit that has been known since ancient times, and has deepened and spread over time, represented in: mocking a woman’s mind, belittling what she says, what she writes and what she does, and to insist on her intellectual sterility so that it is easier for the other “male” to grasp her mind with ease.And without a historical trial or scandal? Is philosophy not essentially based on the fight against injustice, so how can it not be recorded that Einstein’s companion was very clever and helped him a lot, and that Emilie de Châtelet, with a clear mind, from the source from her ideas, the German philosopher Immanuel Kant, to the point of agreement, in what she reached on the contributions of Physics theory in philosophy? Where is the product of the thoughts of female philosophers? Are we looking for it in the books of philosophers of men ?!
* Algerian author