Recipient of the UNESCO Science Prize: Egypt has ambitious plan to use wastewater for irrigation

Egyptian engineer Sarah Abdel Qader, winner of the UNESCO Women in Science 2021 Young Talents Award, said the Egyptian government has an ambitious plan to use treated agricultural wastewater in irrigation by reaching 8 billion cubic meters. The background of his winning the worldwide award.

The young Egyptian engineer received the international award for her research, entitled: “Sustainable On-Site Treatment Methods for Treating Agricultural Wastewater for Giants in Irrigation.”

Engineer Sarah Abdel Qader indicated that in Egypt agricultural drainage water is regularly reused for irrigation, and that the government has an ambitious plan aimed at reaching 8 billion cubic meters.

Engineer Sarah Abdel Qader explained that the idea of ​​research is to manufacture or design a treatment unit consisting of low-cost materials and solid agricultural waste, and this unit can be placed in the drain so that the worker or farmer can water can take from it immediately after it is treated.

She added: “This unit is supposed to be movable so that one unit can serve a number of agricultural land by an appropriate schedule, and points out that we are currently preparing a map of the banks in Egypt to calculate the percentage of pollution in each bank so we can put together the existing banks to know The most polluted.

Egyptian engineer Sarah Abdel Qader pointed out that this honor is not the first, as she has previously won other awards, including an innovation-related award in Bahrain, a competition organized by the United Nations Environment Program in collaboration with UNIDO for innovative ideas that can become the core of small projects or companies.

He stressed, “I applied with a group of colleagues. The idea was to develop panels of plastic and wood together so that these panels are transparent and allow the entrance of light so that we can preserve the properties of wood to heat. and to preserve the same time allowing the entrance of light, we made them It is intended for use in greenhouses as an alternative to glass and plastic.

She explained: “These panels allow us to retain heat inside the greenhouse, thus reducing our wasted energy due to cooling or heating, as well as enabling us to save water used for cooling, because in advanced greenhouses, water is used as a coolant. “

The Egyptian engineer said, “The research was well received by the United Nations Environment Program, so we got second place in the competition, and that’s one of the things I’m proud to take part in, because it was a revolutionary idea for us. “

In response to the fact that the field of engineering is described by some as a field dominated by men, Sarah Abdel-Qader said I entered the field because I knew I would excel in it, and I chose engineering because I knew it was the field in which I could help society and provide solutions.

Engineer Sarah Abdel Qader added, “The field of engineering represents to me a magical key to finding solutions that benefit humanity. This is the idea that any girl should keep in mind when entering any field. A girl needs nothing to prove to anyone. “


She said, “Because the idea of ​​interest in proving the inaccuracy of a theory – which is without foundation in the first place – is to me a waste of one’s resources and effort.

She added, “I say for every girl who wants to study engineering that this field needs passion, love, mastery and dedication. Girls have these qualities. The percentage of girls graduating from science and engineering colleges in Egypt is about 48 percent.

It has always been known that girls are more committed to universities and studies, and they need nothing more than to want any field they would like to join. They do not have to enter any field just because they want to prove something to anyone.

The young engineer confirmed, “Girls have a lot of energy, but this energy is either wasted because of some societal constraints, or the constraints that girls have imposed on themselves, and they think they are incapable, of course, it’s if due to a cultural or educational heritage.

Research work is a collection of experiences we gain from success and failure

I am convinced that external constraints are not stronger than internal constraints, because external constraints can be overcome by anyone, and therefore the problem lies in internal constraints.

She added: “My advice to any girl is not to give in to internal constraints, such as thinking that engineering is difficult, and that math is complicated and” causes brain pain. These ideas are more restrictive than they really are. “

Sarah Abdel-Qader concluded her speech, “I give a word to every researcher, whether male or female, which is that the research work is a set of experiences we gain from success and failure alike. The researcher or researcher should not give in. not to failure or to be deceived by success.

It is reported that Sarah Abdelkader, an environmental specialist. She graduated from the American University with a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering, joined the environmental engineering program at the American University in Cairo and received her master’s degree in 2020.

The award-winning engineer has been involved in a number of researches related to water, its treatment and management. She is currently a PhD researcher at the Institute of Global Health and Human Ecology at the American University of Cairo.

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