Stole Shakespeare Cymblin?
Tuesday – 9 Shawwal 1443 AH – 10 May 2022 AD Issue No. [
London: “Middle East”
The 1533 edition of the Fabian Chronicle, a summary of British and French history from the time of the Romans to the time of Henry VII, contains notes in the margin, in the handwriting of Thomas North, an Elizabethan man, who related to the plot and other details of Shakespeare’s tragic and comic theater work set in Britain during the Roman era.
Michael Blanding, who discovered the book in the Houghton Library at Harvard University, says the side notes cannot be a reference to Shakespeare’s play; Because North died about 6 years before the traditionally accepted date of the play’s first performance, 1609 and 1610. He adds, “This is a revolutionary discovery that is difficult to explain, except that North used the book to make notes for his play, which Shakespeare later quoted.”
An independent researcher who analyzes these marginal notes is Dennis McCarthy, who since 2005 has been using a plagiarized computer program to uncover links and connections between “Hamlet” and other plays and North’s writings. His research has inspired Blanding’s book, North Through Shakespeare.
Blanding has since traced dozens of sixteenth-century works that once belonged to the North family, many of which include North Rand notes. Blanding says that North is known as the translator of Plutarch’s Lives, a well-known and recognized source for Shakespeare’s Roman plays. The marginal notes in Fabian’s historical record have a striking resemblance to the plot of Semplein. He cites examples that show this similarity: “For example, both the marginal and theatrical notes refer to Julius Caesar’s repeated attempts to invade Britain, and show his obsessive focus on the abscess that the British kings paid to Rome. notes on Semblin’s two sons: Gaderius and Arveragus, and refers to the Battle of the (Green Wall) that historically took place in Scotland.
It is known that the play Cymblin, which is one of Shakespeare’s late plays, deals with the story of an ancient British king, and its events revolve around a bet on the fidelity of his daughter Inogen to the man with whom she in secret marriage, Pestumus Leonotus, and the events turn into a confrontation between the British and Roman armies. The character of Semplin comes from a Celtic king to whom contemporary historians, such as Geoffrey of Monmouth, refer as an important figure in later British history.
“I think North wrote those footnotes as a plot for a play … and to put together historical events he wanted to use,” says McCarthy, whose research was contributed by John Schlutter, an emeritus professor at Lafayette College in Pennsylvania. They are all based on the same theme, which is Britain against Rome. ” McCarthy also cited evidence that he paid North for a play called “Men.”
Although McCarthy is not a denier of Shakespeare’s existence, acknowledging that scholars relied on Fabian’s historical record as a source, he sees North’s marginal notes “strongly suggesting the ingenious creative mind behind the play.[Simblin]in fact Thomas North was “. He writes in a study of the aforementioned marginal notes, which will be published soon, that these rich notes refer to the historical background, characters and language of Shakespeare’s play.” More than half of North’s “53 clear marginal remarks refer to characters and events found in Shakespeare’s play, and almost all of the rest include a reference to the theme or core of the play,” he explains.
It also indicates details, such as the misspelling of the name Caspillan; Where Cassipolane wrote, “In the play (Sympleene) contained in the first folio of Shakespeare’s plays in 1623, the first known text, the Queen refers to an ancient British king who fought against the Romans, known as Cassipolane. This name is misspelled by the play’s author of Caspillan’s name, and it is clear from North’s references that he is responsible for the misspelling of the name.
McCarthy concludes that these findings have upset some researchers; “With discovery after discovery it becomes very difficult to ignore … we have hard evidence”; But Michael Dobson, director of the Shakespeare Institute in Stratford-upon-Avon, says the discovery of North’s notes was in itself “enormous and significant”. “I do not think the evidence … even comes close to supporting the claim and supporting that North Fabian’s historical record was used as the basis for a play on Semplein,” he explains. There also seems no reason to believe that Shakespeare should have known these commentaries, or of the undocumented and unknown play by North that was allegedly compiled from these notes.
He added that the evidence for spelling in the first folio was never “strong”; Because he recorded more satire from those who copied and sent theatrical documents than Shakespeare’s, and that the basic plot of “Sympleene” came mainly from Boccaccio’s “Decameron” rather than from Fabian or other historians.
Richard Dutton, author of the forthcoming book Mastering the Zephills, Mastering Loud Fun: The Regulation and Censorship of Modern Contemporary Drama, said: “The discovery of Thomas North’s marginal notes on the theme of Cymblin is intriguing, and I will not rule out the possibility do not disregard. that Shakespeare knew; But the suggestion that he knew about it from an unknown play by North himself is not credible. “
* Translated from the British newspaper “The Guardian”.