There is a lot of research, studies, conferences and reports related to technological delay, especially in developing countries, and therefore the following short lines may give a bit of that picture for a group of reasons for technological delay, taking into account the explanation from the beginning of two important concepts: The first is modern leading-edge technologies that benefit from digitization and communication. These include artificial intelligence, the Internet of Things, big data, blockchain, the fifth generation, 3D printing, robotics, drones, gene editing, nanotechnology, photovoltaic solar power. , and the second is innovation in a nutshell, where the point is to give an idea, then it is done Implementing it to achieve a valuable result, such as providing new products or services that add value to the entity adding, as well as presenting new practical and appropriate ideas, with a viable business model, so that those who have a relationship can see it as new and can be relied upon to implement it, and it is also the ability to come up with an idea or work to develop or There are five main types of innovation: organizational – processes – products – marketing – the environment.
Therefore, pioneering technology is redefining the world today, especially the future of mankind after the wave of the Corona epidemic. Despite some negative facts associated with these technologies, such as their ability to exacerbate inequality, widen the digital divide, and disrupt social and political cohesion. , they can be transformative in achieving goals The sustainable development of many countries, and the readiness that assesses the progress that countries have made in the use of pioneering technology, taking into account their national capabilities related to physical investment, human capital and technological efforts, and provides five building blocks for building their pioneering technology readiness, namely: the dissemination of information and communication technologies, skills research and development, operational activity and access to finance.
Productivity is the main long-term driver of economic growth, and technology-driven innovation is the main driver of productivity growth. Automation and digital advancement are shifting labor demand away from low- to mid-level routine skills to higher and more complex analytical, technological and managerial skills. The era of intelligent machines holds much hope. With smart policies, the future can be stronger and more inclusive for growth.
A few developing countries have stronger capabilities to use, adopt and adapt modern cutting-edge technologies, and to take advantage of innovations, but most of them lag behind.
There are many causes of technological backwardness, including:
1) traditional management – poor management – poor management – …
2) Lack of interest in research and development, even if funding is found, most of it is in administrative duties, in addition to the lack of qualified and highly skilled human resources available in the field.
3) The lack of skills in the field of information and communication technology, and the lack of acceptance of the pioneering technologies referred to above, while continuing to diversify their production bases by working with very old technologies.
4) Not to strengthen their innovation systems, as most of them are weak and prone to systemic failures and structural shortcomings.
5) Poor alignment of science, technology and innovation policies, plans and programs with industry and service policies.
6) The lack and weakness of helping people acquire the digital skills and competencies needed to adopt leading technologies and adapt to the existing production and service bases in their countries.
7) The lack of serious efforts by the responsible authorities to connect everyone via the internet, as the leading technologies require greater digitization and communication.
8) Does not offer incentives and subsidies not only for internet access but also for the devices that people connect to.
9) Low innovation is a major obstacle to the growth of developing countries. Building management capacity and innovation is essential to prepare for the adoption of modern technology.
10) that developing countries do little when it comes to accepting the experience of developed countries to modernize their products, technologies and business processes
11) Governance, especially low-level top management, and their inability to understand how to encourage innovation is more important than ever, given the new wave of digitization and automation that is rapidly changing economies around the world.
12) Lack of human capital and effective organizational structures at a time when the design and implementation of innovation policy has become more complex, as an effective innovation policy requires selection of the appropriate set of policy instruments in the context of scarce capabilities.
13) Delays in the provision of human resources to skills that complement new technologies, hindering the wider spread of innovation within economies.
14) The education and training policies, plans and programs are not in line with the requirements of modern technology.
15) Not to expand the scope of programs for human resource skills development, reform and lifelong learning, which is the key to winning the race with modern technology.
16) The weakness of strengthening the foundations of digital infrastructure and digital literacy, and the digital divide, which does not narrow everything, but there are still large gaps.
17) Low levels of foreign direct investment in high-tech manufacturing, especially electronics.
With God’s help, the following article will cover a group of reasons for failure of planning in organizations.
M. Ahmed Al-Mahdi Al-Majdoub