Amman – The refusal of the Jordanian Senate to approve a constitutional amendment that prevents the eye or the representative in the House of Representatives from concluding any contract with state institutions during his term of office, except for those who were a shareholder or partner with a percentage of no more than 2%, in the spotlight of the controversy within the Kingdom over the widespread corruption and politicians’ contribution to it, instead of working on it.
The Senate on Thursday approved all articles of the constitutional amendments, with the exception of Article 20, which restricts their participation in making agreements with government institutions during their membership.
Article 20, as approved by the House of Representatives, prohibits members of the Senate and House of Representatives during their term of office from concluding any contract, lease, sale, barter or any contract with the government, official public bodies, public institutions, or companies owned or controlled by the government or any public official institution Or a public institution, except for a shareholder or partner with a percentage not exceeding 2%, and for land and property leases.
The Senate has amended the article allowing members of the National Assembly who own shares or partnerships in companies with a percentage of no more than 5% to contract with the government during their term of office, provided that they prohibit be to interfere in the contracts concluded by these companies with the government.
Muhannad Hijazi: Jordan’s anti-corruption policy suffers from shortcomings
The celebrities justified their decision by the need for the state to contract with national companies, and that the percentage of the influential shareholding in the companies is more than 5%, not 2%, as in the amendments referred to them, stand.
Jordan is a functional and social environment that incubates corruption, because despite the great damage that threatens the state and its economic security and the consequent imbalance in security at all levels, corruption enjoys a network of social relationships that incubate it, such as many Jordanian officials and politicians are connected by kinship and intermarriage Relationships Between them there is a seat belt that protects those who engage in corruption from prosecution or by the judiciary.
The Center for Strategic Studies at the University of Jordan recently announced that 67 percent of Jordanians consider economic challenges, addressing poverty and unemployment, and fighting corruption as one of the key issues they face.
The poll revealed that the vast majority of Jordanians believe that financial and administrative corruption is widespread in Jordan, and that ministers and senior civil servants are the group that contributes most to the spread of corruption.
The head of the Integrity and Anti-Corruption Commission in Jordan, Muhannad Hijazi, says there is an obstacle in our way of fighting corruption.
The Committee’s report honestly confirms the extent and depth of the corruption crisis in Jordan and its seriousness. and it became necessary. to reconsider all these policies and tracks so that the problem does not degenerate into a dilemma and the solution to Chronic Knot.
Analysts stress that the most appropriate solution to address financial and administrative corruption in Jordan is to tighten controls and enact strict laws to combat corruption and mediation.
They point to the need to reform the loose legislative environment, for example, the provisions of the Jordanian constitution constitute an obstacle and an obstacle to the eradication of corruption, as it stipulates that no minister or prime minister may be brought before the courts for crimes. and offenses committed by the Minister during the performance of his duties except with the approval of two thirds of the members of the House of Representatives. Representatives who are only entitled to take a decision to charge the Minister if he finds that action the law.
The Jordanian constitution also stipulates that the deputy may be a partner in institutions where the number of shareholders or owners of shares is more than ten people. This exception allowed the legislature to trade on terms that are easily accessible, and this text led to a real marriage between the corruption of the legislature and the corruption of the executive.
Jordanians are betting on the political reform launched by King Abdullah II, which is expected to lead to the formation of parliamentary governments to separate powers and the rule of law. Political reform is the first step on the path to reform in all other aspects of reform.
The vast majority of Jordanians believe that financial and administrative corruption is widespread in Jordan, and that ministers and senior civil servants contribute the most to the spread of corruption.
Observers claim that political reform and the fight against corruption are not an appeal to a number of businessmen who are trapped in the state economy of the state and who enjoy political protection. They avoid liability and therefore it is natural for them to move to defend their financial and economic interests.
The author Nidal Mansour believes that it is a great injustice to point the finger at governments because they are involved in corruption, adding that corruption, complicity in, or silence about, is a social condition, and that it a moral, educational, legal and political system that criminalizes all practices that lead to corruption and makes it like wasta.
A poll conducted by Transparency International in the Middle East and North Africa showed that four percent paid bribes in Jordan to obtain public services, and 25 percent used wasta to obtain public services, while the Rashid Organization for Integrity and Transparency International in Jordan says that 55 percent of Jordanians believe that corruption has worsened in the country over the past twelve months, and the survey showed that the prevalence of corruption among parliamentarians and dignitaries is the highest, while the percentage is up to seven percent falls among clergy.
Transparency International reported that corruption in Jordan is very active in government tenders, infrastructure projects, the violation of foreign labor and licenses granted by Jordanian municipalities, in addition to customs and tax evasion.
It can be said that the reform initiatives and the rest of the efforts made could not have been content to flank corruption from afar without uprooting it.
Contrary to popular belief that the public sector is the most vulnerable to corruption, the private sector also suffers badly from corruption, as tax evasion is not the main disease plaguing the body of the private sector, as it is common among various groups in society. .
This sector is not spared from the greed of the corrupt who manipulate the shareholders’ money by setting up fake companies, as well as the spread of nepotism and bribery in this sector.