The paper book and its electronic form … Two swinging palms in competition; The first may descend – and never rise again -; Forced or ashamed before the second, and modern technical omens confirm – strongly – that the balance of electronic is the most likely .. This is what appears on the cultural horizon of followers and people of publishing and cultural specialization, can be supported by a number of publishers, poets, writers, and intellectuals, and some may be reluctant to express a definite opinion on the issue, still troubling the minds of many of them. Even the classic reader was trapped between the walls of his room, unable to wander between the shelves of libraries, so all he had to do was change his reading habits and start reading electronic books, to discover that it is the easiest and most affordable. , until the throne of the paper book is threatened with ruin … and between pessimists and optimists of On both sides oscillate opinions about the future of the paper book, and the question posed and hard by Corona in the arena of discussion, which of them will win and stay in the arena of the “paper” or “electronic” publishing battle? Here and across Al-Madina, publishers and intellectuals are trying to predict when the last curtain will be drawn on an issue that has kept many busy and tormented. Sameeh: New segments readers prefer “electronically.” The poet, Adel Samih, Director-General of Publishing at the Egyptian General Book Authority, says: There is no doubt that the technological developments that the world is witnessing – and their accelerating developments, necessarily reflect in the field of publishing and printing, and have led to an upgrade of the level The printed book is the result of the development of printing techniques, and at the same time because of that technological development and because it also influenced the way. of human life and the way he received things; Other segments of readers have emerged who prefer the e-book; The percentage of e-book readers has increased, and the segment of audiobook users has also expanded, as a person can keep a comprehensive library of various knowledge on a small computer instead of the large space that the traditional library occupies … And a significant portion of the new generations – who read from them – do not like reading. Traditionalists prefer to listen to a book rather than read it. But “traditional” readers remain on the scene. The generations who read the paper book earlier are mainly psychologically connected to it, due to the feeling of intimacy with it. You can feel its texture, inhale its scent and write notes on the parts of its body (leaves), and you feel like you are making a common history with the book. Because of this connection, the paper book will retain its existence, preserve it for a time. I think it will continue for decades. But the book needs to be taken care of. Paper, in terms of format and print quality, so that it can continue to compete and maintain its existence, as well as find alternative solutions to compensate for the high cost of book production. Yes, the competition is fierce and the space for the paper book erodes, but it will still exist and not die out in the near future because it has its luster and attractiveness that still retains its influence. Darwish: The transition to electronics has become a matter of time * The poet Samir Darwish, former editor-in-chief of The New Culture magazine, confirms that the issue of the future of the paper book has aged in Europe in the light of technical progress and America, as large publishing houses in these countries have become dependent – in the division A large portion of its sales are on the electronic product If you enter the major websites that market books, it will be famous to find three. prices for one book, for the paper version with a thick cover, the paper version with a regular cover, and the electronic version, because they target all categories and classes, and digital printing machines made it easier, and this role made it possible set to pressure only the required amount so as not to incur losses. But it will draw your attention that the electronic version – the cheapest price – is the best-selling – and I have tried this in my books translated into English – for two reasons: The first is that the majority of readers in developed countries e- books consumption More importantly, the second for ease and speed to obtain the book. Samir Darwish points out that the transition to the e-book has become a matter of time, while maintaining the pressure of small amounts for paper lovers, and because we are several years behind the West in everything, the matter has so far not most of us have not become. , but we’re on our way … and the case will not depend on the book. Not only that, but also newspapers and magazines, as many international newspapers are now dependent on the sale and circulation of their electronic version, so they do not have to print large quantities every morning, and send it by internal mail and airmail to anywhere in the world , to arrive the next day, while the follower and reader exceeded. The news comes to him, moment by moment, on his cell phone, and for free; Therefore, you will find that these newspapers tend to publish analytical articles and news reports that work on the implications of the news, rather than on the news itself that has become obsolete. I saw this transformation myself. Years ago I saw New York subway commuters carrying books on paper and looking at them in pieces, and when the station came, one of them folded his book and put it in his pocket and left. Now I see them all carrying tablets that connected to the internet, and slide the pages up and down with the tips of their index fingers! He adds: There is no doubt that the future of printing for e-books, because the publishers themselves will stop printing these large numbers of books, and because the cost of producing them is much cheaper. book enables the reader to read in comfortable positions for his body, as opposed to the paper book, which requires the reader to turn to the light, and to carry the writing at a distance appropriate to the strength of sight .. The reader can also enlarge or reduce the screen for easy reading, to avoid the problem of the elderly The visually impaired people find it very difficult to read many books with which they do not get a similar solution .. The matter in our region only needs some time, but it will inevitably come. Al-Baali: The Internet Removes the Book from the Top of the Throne of Information * Muhammad Al-Baali, Director of Safsafa House, believes that information technology provides the paperbook with a set of challenges and opportunities that face the publishing industry. the technical revolution provided new channels for the introduction, promotion and marketing of books of Through the internet and social media, on the other hand, it created a challenge especially for the paper book and books in general. The Internet removes the book from the top of the throne of information sources, as information has become widely available through the network and at various levels. In-depth information and research are no longer the preserve of books and scientific journals, and therefore the paper book has challenges arising from being a paper and others of a book in the first place. Ba-Mohammed: The percentage of electronic reading worldwide is still far from paper * As for Khaled Ba-Mohammed, CEO of Print House in Riyadh, he believes that the paper book will always remain its value at all times, no matter how advanced electronics is not. technologies, reading systems, new devices and applications, and the more technology advances, it will stay there.Another group prefers to read the publication and stick to it as a friend. He confirms that the paper will last for a long time and it will be difficult to remove it from the market for various reasons, and the pace of electronic reading worldwide is still far from the paper book despite its easy acquisition and individuals who the devices that can help users access them, and he also confirms that electronic publishing will not cause the end of the paperbook era, but competition will no longer increase, so diversity will remain at all times .. Abdel Halim: We live in the era of the image with modern technology * The poet Eid Abdel Halim, editor-in-chief of the magazine “Adab and Criticism”, says: Talking about the end of the era of writing is very difficult, because writing is not It ends, and perhaps the spread of visual culture, from my point of view, contributes to written culture and does not take it away. Visual culture like “digital media” is a way of disseminating literature and art. It does not create creativity, but rather contributes to its dissemination. For example, talking about digital literature such as digital novel, digital poetry, digital criticism and digital theater are statements that are now up to twenty years old, but it has not so far proven effective and has no real existence on the ground. Yes, we live in the era of the image, at the level of the use of modern technologies, and there are writers who have applied digital technologies in creative works, like Ibrahim Abdul Majeed in his novel, Every Week on Friday, but it is a written and printed novel on paper. Writing therefore remains the basis, whether it is written on paper or on the “flower” file on the computer. As far as modern means of communication are concerned, their role does not go beyond spreading this creativity on a large scale. Abdel Halim adds: However, the fate of the paper book has become subject to production processes related to the post-creative industry, such as the provision of the paper required for printing, as well as the authors who turn to the private publishing process, after publication worsened in official cultural institutions and institutions whose chains were piled up in waiting lists, all of which let the author go out of his own pocket and provide the food for his children to publish his book. Bisan: Only the classics will remain of paper * Bisan Adwan, director of Ibn Rushd House, agrees with Al-Jumaili that the paper book is on the verge of disappearing, and what will remain are only classics books, and they will become more expensive compared to digital and audiobooks This technology will find its way to the reader Arabic more and more in the near future. Fathi: Visitors to book fairs are constantly increasing * The poet Jamal Fathi believes that the paper book will remain on his throne for many years to come and will remain for many years to come, a demand and a goal for himself that lovers of all ages have been looking for , and that, contrary to what some think, the technological revolution and its explosion in everyone. of the paper book that takes its place in the hearts of its lovers and its continuity on its ancient throne.We can easily deduce this from going back to the distribution numbers and the number of audiences that book shows in the world accept and visit and the extent to which the most of them are eager to purchase novels, new books, translators and others printed on paper .. We ask .. How and why publishers are constantly increasing, unless they are sure that there is a “paper reader” waiting for them all the time?! Al-Jumaily: The paper book is in the recovery room * As for Al-Jumaili Ahmed, director of Waad Publishing House, he shares with us by saying: The paper book can not withstand this great revolution in technology, and it has during the past appears. five years, which disrupted most offset printing presses, to show that digital presses Because most publishers suffer from the movement of distribution, which reached 5% of the distribution volume of the paper book, and how the paper book resists the reader’s desire to obtain the book with the click of a finger, away from the search and the suffering he experiences when he moves between libraries. He concludes by saying: I see through my studies The market has the paper book he went into his recovery room and did. does not come out healthy and sound as some writers thought .. and the bet is now on electronic publication ..