Decide on breaking the fast in Ramadan for the traveler before traveling .. 3 clear conditions

Some Muslims are confused about the validity of breaking the fast during the day in Ramadan before leaving their homes to travel, and the extent of its legality according to the Koran and Sunnah.

The holy month of Ramadan is the month of fasting, standing and reciting the Qur’an, the month of deliverance, grace and forgiveness, the month of charity and charity, a month in which the gates of Paradise are opened, and good deeds is multiplied, a month in which supplications are answered, degrees are increased, sins are forgiven, and God is generous to His servants with all kinds of dignity.

Fasting Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam that God has imposed on all Muslims, so whoever catches up with the month and is healthy and not sick, or living and not traveling, fasting becomes for him a legal duty, whether to perform or make up for it.

An exception to this is the very old age, and those who have a chronic and serious illness from which it can not be cured, these two are unable to fast during Ramadan, not to make up for it or to treat it to perform.

Fasting according to Islamic law is “abstinence and abstinence with the aim of spoiling the fast and of all the things that break the fast, from the dawn of the second dawn to sunset,” which means fasting to abstain from eating. something tangible that is in a person’s stomach during a specific period, which is from sunrise to sunset.

The intention is one of the conditions of the heart and the determination to comply with the intention to be rewarded. In order to distinguish the servant through his actions between custom and worship, fasting is therefore regarded as obedience and approach to God Almighty.

Decision on the traveler who breaks the fast in Ramadan

The scholars agreed that the traveler may break the fast in Ramadan to diminish and mercy from God, even if it does not suffer, provided he fulfills what he breaks after Ramadan, for God Almighty said: {Whoever of you are sick or traveling, then there are no days of God.

But the fuqaha ‘differed on what is best for the traveler: is it to break the fast or fast? The Hanbalis saw in what is well known about them that breaking the fast is better for the traveler.

While the majority of scholars from the Hanafi, Maliki and Shafi’i schools believe that fasting is better as long as it is not difficult for him, and if it is difficult for him or harms him, then it is better to to break fast for him.

And the majority concluded that fasting is better for a number of things, including the word of God, the Blessed and Most High: “And that fasting is better for you, if you know.”

While they were evidence of the superiority of the breaking of the fast for the one who is difficult for him, and this is the testimony of the Hanbalis about the superiority of the breaking of the fast, even if it is not difficult for him, because the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, said, “It is not righteousness to fast while you are traveling” (Bukhari 1844 Muslim 1115) Fasting is better, except when it suffers.

There are conditions that must be met during travel so that it is permissible to break the fast during the day in Ramadan. These conditions are:

The journey should be long enough to shorten the prayers.

– The traveler does not intend to live in a place during his journey.

– That there is no sin in this journey, since the breaking of the fast during travel is a concession and light to the traveler, and the one who is disobedient to the traveler does not deserve it, just as the person traveled to stealing or cutting off the traveler. way.

Decide on breaking the fast in Ramadan for the traveler before traveling

Among the frequently asked questions in Ramadan is the pronouncement of breaking the fast in the holy month for the traveler before he travels, and is it permissible for him to break his fast in the morning before going out for his travels ?

And the lawyers answered that whoever wants to travel in Ramadan during the day, he has no right to break his fast unless he leaves his city before dawn with the intention of breaking the fast.

On that basis, he must complete his fast on that day, unless he finds it difficult to travel, then he breaks his fast and makes up for Ramadan, and he breaks the fast on the following days of his journey if he wishes.

And the fuqaha ‘answered a question: “Whoever starts his fast in the city and then continues to travel during the day, is it lawful for him to break his fast on that day?” While the majority of the Hanafis, Malikis and Shafi ‘He was of the opinion that “he does not have the right to break his fast, but he does not have to make atonement if he breaks the fast, it is rather enough for him to to make it up. “

While the Hanbalis said, “He can break his fast even if he starts his fast in the city, but it is better for him to keep fasting.”

This is the most correct of the sayings of the scholars, for everyone who undertakes a journey is included in the statement of God Almighty: “So whoever of you is sick or on a journey, then the number of days of other days” and there is no evidence that excludes the one she started fasting.

In answer to the question: “When is it permissible to break the fast while traveling?”, The majority of scholars believe that the distance that makes it permissible to break the fast for a fasting traveler is 48 miles. (80 kilometers) is. , which is the same distance that makes it possible to shorten the prayers.

Sheikh Ibn Baz said in the review of travel: “It is estimated at about 80 kilometers for someone riding in a car, and the same goes for planes, ships and ships, and this distance or something close to it is called travel.”

And the Sheikh, may God have mercy on him, spoke of the “legitimacy of breaking the fast for the traveler,” saying, “Breaking the fast while traveling is a law and a license from God Almighty, and God Almighty said, “And whoever is sick or on the journey, the number of days from other days.” [البقرة:185]”.

He explained: “The Prophet, peace and blessings be with him, usually fasted and broke his fast, and so fasted his companions and broke them fast, so whoever breaks the fast, there is nothing wrong with him, and who fast, there is no problem, so the traveler can break his fast in Ramadan, and if he fast, there is nothing wrong with him, but if it is difficult for him to fast, it is better to fast her break. ”

And he added: “If it is hot and bad, then it is better for the traveler to break his fast, by taking the consent of God Almighty, as it came in a hadith on the authority of the prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, that he said: God loves his concessions just as he hates to be paid for his disobedience, and if the heat is severe, the Sunnah must break. ”

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