In view of the penetration of digital communication technology and its entry into most sectors of life, and due to the wide spread of the internet in our human life, after the number of internet users worldwide, as of this writing, to approx. 4.95 billion people, according to 2022 statistics, and this number is roughly equivalent to 62% of the world’s total population, and there are more than 1.83 billion websites worldwide in 2021.
The Internet has experienced rapid growth over the past three decades, leading to the conception of a new communication dimension as a representation of cyberspace, which is one of the most important achievements of modern man, as a new means of communication arising from cosmically interconnected computers, and this space can be described as the virtual environment developed by computer systems and the users who interact within it, or if we mean it is a field characterized by the interconnected use of the electromagnetic spectrum and electrons, the purpose of which is to build, change, exchange, use, share, store, dispose of, and disrupt physical resources.
In the last six months alone, cyber-attacks worldwide have increased by 29% as the threatening role players of the COVID-19 pandemic continue to be exploited, and groups using ransomware tactics have entered a golden era with the use of extortion against ‘ an accelerated rate of more than 90% in less than a year.
One of the channels in which cyberspace is affecting world politics is the new challenges it poses to international security, specifically in the form of two hostile processes: cyber espionage and cyber attacks and crime.
Electronic espionage can perform the function of extracting sensitive and protected information, whether for the purpose of industrial espionage or to obtain government secrets. According to current estimates, industrial cyber espionage costs the US economy $ 300 billion annually, Germany $ 71 billion and South Korea $ 82 billion, while 86% of large Canadian companies were at one stage victims of industrial cyber espionage.
On the side of cyberattacks and crimes, cyber threats have become more dangerous, especially during the last decade of this century, and they are happening faster and faster, and some statistics related to this issue for the year 2022 show us the seriousness of what happen; 85% of cyber security breaches are caused by human error, 94% of malware occurs through email, ransomware attacks occur every 10 seconds, and 71% of all cyber attacks are financially motivated (followed by theft of intellectual property, then espionage) , and statistics estimate the annual global cost of cybercrime to exceed $ 10.5 trillion by 2025.
The future of cybercrime looks bleak than ever, as research by Cybersecurity Ventures shows that the damage caused by ransomware annually can cost businesses worldwide $ 265 billion, with an attack rate of every 10 seconds for businesses and consumers.
In the last six months alone, cyberattacks worldwide have increased by 29% as actors continue to exploit the threat of the COVID-19 pandemic, and groups using ransomware tactics have entered a golden era with the use of extortion at an accelerating rate of more than 90% in less than a year.
The leading global cybersecurity company, Trend Micro Incorporated, and according to its recently released report, it refers to scenarios that illustrate what the world will be like in the next decade, and how the security sector will deal with the advanced innovations of cybercrime.
The report – called “Project 2030” – states that by 2030, internet connection will affect all aspects of our daily lives, on the physical and psychological levels, and that the actors of cyber threats are their malicious mechanism of action and abuse of technology. innovations.
One of the most prominent expectations of the report is that artificial intelligence tools will contribute to the democratization of cybercrime because data will be available to everyone, not just IT professionals, and attacks will cause chaos in supply chains, and physically harm people. be implicated by implanting cyber tools, and it will be Social engineering and disinformation attacks are hard to avoid as data becomes more widely available via “high-level data projectors,” and massive IoT environments will attract cybercriminals who launch their attacks on manufacturing, logistics , target, transportation, healthcare, education, retail and the home environment. We are seeing connections everywhere with 5G and 6G networks, and this will lead to more sophisticated and accurate attacks, as the report stated that technological nationalism will become an important geostrategic tool for some of the most powerful countries in the world, in given the wider gap between them and the backward countries.
Undoubtedly, cyberspace has forced countries to recognize it as a new arena of conflict. Experts have been warning for years against a “cyber Pearl Harbor,” in other words, a massive digital attack that could paralyze critical infrastructure without firing a shot. In this sense; Mankind is facing an ever-evolving and changing cyber landscape, in which the biggest issue of concern is ransomware, which has been described as the number one threat to cyber security in 2021.
Data in this field indicate that most cyberattacks come from Russia, Brazil and China, which are the first three countries in which cyberattacks occurred, and the time it takes to detect these attacks is about 280 days, while ‘ a typical organization takes about 197. days to identify the threat, But some offenses can evade detection for a long time.
Returning to the language of numbers, the value of the global cyber security market reached $ 156.24 billion by 2020, and this market is expected to reach around $ 352.25 billion, i.e. an annual growth rate of 14, 5% by 2026, according to Murder Intelligence. The global cyber security market is expected to be worth $ 433.6 billion by 2030, and studies predict that cybercrime will cost the world nearly $ 600 billion each year.
Cybercrime will not go away any time soon, and more of these crimes are expected to grow in the coming years as long as the Internet is the preferred place around the world for this category, and the global cybersecurity market continues to grow, and it seems that the costs and damages of cybercrime are higher than those caused by natural disasters.
According to these data and figures, it can be said with more confidence that electronic burglaries and cyber attacks of all kinds will be bigger, worse and more expensive in the future, and will have a devastating impact on critical infrastructure, especially with the rapid increase in devices that connected to the World Wide Web, the proliferation of smart cities, and the growing use of the Internet of Things Technology, electronic transactions and related applications.
Based on this, it has become of great importance for countries and governments – especially Arab ones – to adopt strategies to improve their cyber security and to establish units, bodies or research centers that specialize in protecting infrastructure against cyber risks, top and invest in scientific research and awareness in this field in a way that improves the level of security and keeps pace with technologies and modern technologies that will make electronic systems safer and more coherent, and will be more able to meet challenges, of which the most important is the internet. of Things and applications of artificial intelligence of all kinds.
The issue of the protection of cyberspace is a matter of utmost importance to all mankind, for this space or this world – if you will – has come to serve all, and in all spheres of life it is not limited by geography or hindered by time. There is not much time left to stick heads in the sand to prevent the unknown from getting on the wings of the clouds in an endless and unlimited cyberspace.