The Blue Train: Picasso, Cocteau and Chanel in the world of ballet

The ballet Le Train Bleu is linked to the painting “Two women running on the beach” by Pablo Picasso. It is the first thing that appears on stage in front of the audience, as if everything was inspired by it, and the great Spanish artist and painter of high stature and wide fame, made greater contributions than this to ballet art. This was usually done with his friend Jean Cocteau, the French writer, poet, critic, theater and film artist, who developed more than one idea for ballet, and wrote more than one scenario for this art. Among the most famous works that Pablo Picasso and Jean Cocteau brought together in this area was the Ballet Parade, which caused controversy and noise when it was first shown in Paris in 1917, and the case even reached the outbreak of fighting. has. and critical disagreements, verbal and physical exchanges as well, and in the Ballet Parade Picasso designed scenes, animated models and painted clothes, and his visual effects, especially the blue color, dominated all other ballet elements, so the work looked like one of his paintings, but it was a moving dancer.
As for the ballet The Blue Train, which premiered in Paris in 1924, Picasso’s influence is visually diminished. And if the atmosphere of the scenario written by Jean Cocteau is not far from Picasso’s painting “Two women running on the beach”, Deux femmes courant sur la plage. The painting, which is predominantly blue like a sea and a sky is, depicting two women. holding each other’s hands as they let go of her body with some of his bare parts.In the face of the air caressing that body, moving her hair and messing with her light clothes. She enjoys it, and feels free and blends in with nature, both mentally and physically, while touching the sand with her feet.
The blue train is a train that transports a group of young men and girls to a French beach to spend their summer vacation. On that beach, the events of the ballet take place and his dances are performed. This ballet appeared two years after Pablo Picasso completed his famous painting, which preceded the world of creative existence, expressing the atmosphere of fun and release that usually occurs on the beaches in summer. As for the scenario that Jean Cocteau wrote, it is somewhat strange, like the rest of his works in ballet art, including the Parade Ballet, the Ballet Boy and Death, it can not be said that it is completely understandable, and many is clear. Even if the idea seems simple, without intrigue, knots and dramatic conflicts, some aspect of it remains ambiguous, and this ambiguity has become a feature of Jean Cocteau’s ballet world.
One of the most important features of the Blue Train Ballet is the presence of the name of the French fashion designer Coco Chanel, among the names of the team that performed it. Her role, of course, was to design clothing for dancers and dancers, which was undoubtedly very fashionable when it was first introduced in the 1920s. Specifically, the girls’ clothes, edited by Coco Chanel, and designed for them in beachwear, which was bold in her time, but today it looks modest and somewhat conservative. Coco Chanel relied on the blue color in the swimwear for the group of male dancers, and the design was uniform, as far as color and the rest of the details were concerned. As for the solo dancer, or the handsome young man, she gave him a different design of beachwear, dominated by bright and warm colors. As for the other solo dancer, or golfer, she naturally designed for him sportswear related to her time, and by the standards and standards of the present time, she looks like stuffy formal attire.

The idea of ​​the ballet is based on a group of men and women spending their summer vacation at sea, starting with a group dance, which is the opening dance. Which ends with every dancer carrying his girlfriend, after doing a lot of physical formations, and movements that are closer to exercise than to dance.

It also distinguished Coco Chanel, the solo dancers in this work, in different clothes from the dance groups of women. The solo dancer, the tennis player, appears in a white court dress, long and somewhat wide, with a low waist. And a white hat open on the head, as well as the other solo dancer, the jewelry designer, gave her luxurious multi-piece beachwear, bright colors. And the dancing women’s group shone in cheerful beachwear that suggests fun. Coco Chanel relied on transverse stripes in almost all of her clothing, and these multicolored stripes had a distinct visual impact, both when the dancers came together in their formations and physical formations, and also in their distribution around a wide composition on stage. to create as a whole. And Coco Chanel was not the only woman in the team, the choreography was designed by Polish dancer Bronislava Ninska. The rest of the group were men, including the French composer Darius Mio, who composed the ballet.
The Ballet The Blue Train is a one-act ballet that lasts less than half an hour. Jean Cocteau tended to one-season ballets, and most of his works revolved during this short period, not exceeding about half. an hour. The idea of ​​the ballet is based on a group of men and women spending their summer vacation at sea, starting with a group dance, which is the opening dance. Which ends with every dancer carrying his girlfriend, after doing a lot of physical formations, and movements that are closer to exercise than to dance. After this group dance, the first individual dances, when the handsome young man enters, begin to show his slender body and physical strength, and to perform some acrobatic movements. He also shows the power of his arms, when a girl clings to each arm, and holds them for a moment. His fast jumps and parades follow, until the jewelry designer appears, in luxurious bathing suits, and the handsome boy increases his skillful movements to gain more admiration, then they dance together the first two dances in the ballet. And it ends with their entry into the attractive boy’s chalet, then the stage is completely empty before the tennis player enters, performing her solo dance, which depends on many tennis players’ movements already, such as getting their feet a little to the right and left, preparing for the first strike, receiving the ball struck by the opponent, and depending on a rocket held in her hand, which performs some of these movements. The golfer also performs a solo dance while holding his paddle, simulating some golf movements. Love is exchanged between these four, mutual betrayal is discovered, anger is expressed and matters are exposed in front of the dance groups, then the ballet ends as if nothing has happened with more fun and entertainment.

Egyptian author

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