Sana – Skeba:
Today, in Sana’a, the sessions of the first national donation conference, organized by the General Authority for Donations, began under the slogan “Together after the strategic transformation of donation work.”
In the first session, which was attended by the Adviser to the President of the Supreme Political Council, Allama Muhammad Muftah, the Head of the Endowment Authority, the Allama Abdul Majeed al-Houthi, the Head of the Central Bureau of Statistics, Ahmed Ishaq and Deputy Minister of Information Fahmi al-Yousifi, presented the first as entitled “The Endowment between Religious Responsibility and Practical Reality”.
The first axis of the first session of the conference, led by the Professor of Literature and Criticism at the Faculty of Arts at Sana’a University, dr. Abdul Rahman Al-Saafani, contained four work papers. the Deputy Secretary of the Ministry of Higher Education for the Education Affairs sector, dr. Ghaleb Al-Qans, on the donation and its religious position in Yemeni society.
Where Dr. Al-Qans outlined the endowment, its divisions, goals and characteristics, the law of legal endowment, the legality of endowment and its evidence from the Holy Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet, the endowments of endowment. in Islam, its benefits and its advantages.
He pointed out the scientific and social importance of the donation in Yemen in terms of attention to mosques, students of knowledge and the care of the poor and orphans. and maintaining social peace.
In his paper, the Deputy Secretary of the Ministry of Higher Education touched on the proposed mechanisms for the expansion of donation banks, especially in the aspects of health, development, social care and scientific research, as well as the care of people with special needs, families of martyrs and war wounded.
While the second paper focused on the areas of endowment in Yemen, “a study of samples of endowment documents of the types and fields of Yemeni endowment” presented by the Dean of the College of Arts at Ibb University, Professor of Modern History , Dr. Aref Al-Raawi, reviews a historical overview of the donation documents and records “importance, areas”, and the pillars of the donation.
Dr. Al-Raawi pointed out that Islamic endowment is currently ineffective and suffering from weakness in connection with the growing problem of poverty and underdevelopment.
He touched on the historical importance of the donation document, the sources of donations in Yemen and their locations in terms of concepts, court records, manuscripts, manuscript copies of the Qur’an and inscriptions. Referring to the plurality of donation fields in Yemen, what forms of represent social solidarity and a reinforced shield against any imbalances and social, economic and security chaos.
The Dean of the Faculty of Arts at Ibb University proposed five donations for different fields, the first was the donation for study in Jableh Mosque, the donation for a manuscript of the Holy Quran, the donation from Ghail Saqaya Yarim, the donation from Dhul-Jarf Mosque and the endowment of the guardian Al-Aidarous .. review of the analysis of documents and their civilizational importance, the conditions of donations and examples of endowment arguments.
He recommended the release of more historical documents still trapped in libraries and safes, contributing to enriching information and providing informative evidence about facts and events.
The third paper, presented by the Dean of Academic Affairs and Postgraduate Studies at Iqra University, Dr. Abdullah Al-Houthi, bore the title “The Legitimate Endowment in Yemen: The Reasons for Society’s Aversion to it and Mechanisms for Reviving It”.
He addressed the factors of society’s unwillingness to donate due to poor religious belief, poor management of the donation, corruption of political authority, theft of the donation and the absence of legislation of the law on freedom of investment capital for the donation , in addition to the absence of permanent oversight and accurate accountability of donation administrators and bad judges, encouragement of power and inflation in the administrative apparatus overseeing the endowment, and state control over donations and the lack of independence of the endowment.
Dr. Al-Houthi referred to the consequences of Yemeni society’s reluctance to donate, including social, developmental, economic, religious, scientific and educational consequences, a decrease in the spirit of solidarity, and the percentage benefit from the donation. which indicates that there are various mechanisms to restore the status of the donation and revive its role in society, including legal, awareness and societal and administrative mechanisms.
The fourth paper, presented by a faculty member at Dhamar University – Head of the Department of Educational Sciences, Dr. Ali Qaradah, dealt with the role of endowment to embody human values and serve society by developing human values as a priority for building strong and cohesive societies.
Dr. Qaradah has highlighted the most prominent challenges and obstacles that limit the activation of the donation’s role in embodying human identity and community service, including people’s unwillingness to donate their money to various land destinations, and many of them are satisfied with the construction of mosques without the allocation of donations for them, poor management of donations and the absence of supervision over them and the spread of the idea of utilizing donation funds in Not positioned.
He proposed a vision for activating the role of endowment to embody human values and serve the community through a national project implemented by the Awqaf Authority by forming a team of experts and academics to form an integrated plan for the project and follow up its management and implementation in coordination with the relevant authorities.
In the second workshop, for the first time, led by the Assistant Professor of Civil Law at the Faculty of Sharia and Law at Sana’a University, Dr. Muhammad Ali Mahdi, five working documents were presented. The first centered, submitted by the specialist in the Mosque section of the Taiz distribution office, Ali Al-Ahdal, on the mechanisms to achieve the intentions of the donors and their impact.In the revival of the year of the donation.
He reviewed a historical overview of the purposes of the donors, the mechanisms and conditions for achieving the donation purposes by conducting a comprehensive inventory of the “public and private” donations, the revival of what died, the restoration of what is past, the preservation of the donation and the circulation of the donations. endowment in the investment of the endowed eye, and the need to implement the conditions of the endowers.
In turn, the assistant professor at the Faculty of Commerce, Amran University, dr. Abdullah Al-Adi presented the second working document entitled “Investment of donation resources for the development of human capital opportunities – challenges”.
He highlighted the role of human capital in economic growth, infrastructure, and the key characteristics and ingredients for the development of endowment resources … and emphasized the importance of focusing on the investment activity of endowment, paying attention to endowment resources and focus on vital economic sectors.
Sharia and Law Professor at the University of Taiz, Dr Abdul Hafeez Al-Rumaima, spoke in the third paper presented within the first axis of the first session of the conference, investing the donation between jurisprudence dismissal and intentional consideration .
He defined the concept of maqasid in general and the purposes of endowment investment in particular. With reference to the specificity of maturity investment, the nature of investment, the old jurisprudence and legislative position, the deliberate consideration of maturity investment and the issue of selling maturity investments in religious sects and among scholars.
Dr. Al-Rumaima has proposed a number of recommendations to promote and develop the donation work by creating draft laws, regulations and decisions related to donations, following up on their acceptance and implementation and setting the foundations, controls and standards that comply with them. must be. to ensure the success of endowment investments.
While the Assistant Professor of Accounting and Auditing at Imran University, Dr. Ghazi Ali Al-Ghazi presented the fourth working document entitled “Towards an Integrated Framework for Comprehensive Overview of the Performance of the General Authority for Endowments”. With reference to Islam’s roots of maturity, its management and supervision, practical components of the comprehensive control system at maturity institutions and the requirements that apply to them.
He reviewed a historical overview of the donations in Yemen, the characteristics of the institutional organization of the Endowment Authority and its projects over the past year, and the obstacles that may limit the full implementation of the comprehensive oversight system in the government.
In addition, the human resources researcher at the Awqaf Authority, Ghamdan Al-Moualli, touched on the role of information systems in improving the administrative performance of the Office of the General Authority for Awqaf in the capital Sana’a, in the fifth and final working document presented within the first axis.
He emphasized the importance of the information system, the improvement of administrative performance, performance development factors, its weaknesses, components, determinants and standards, and the importance of performance measurement. He emphasized the need to address the imbalances in administrative performance. speaks by paying attention to training and qualification and drawing up training plans based on the identification of training needs and the acceptance of the principle of participatory management.
The first and second workshops of the conference included interventions and extensive discussions by a number of participants, focusing on the mechanisms of liberation donation from the influential, the looters and the looters, and the ways in which the donation funds in the educational and research field.
The interventions emphasized the need to preserve the endowment funds, notables and properties, to create a comprehensive database of endowment funds, and to free the endowment from misconceptions such as the right to hand and other names.
The two sessions were attended by the Vice President of the Endowment Authority Abdullah Allaw, the commission’s deputies, and a group of scholars, preachers, academics and intellectuals.