The global Internet of Things (IoT) healthcare market is expected to grow to $ 446.52 billion by 2028, Fortune Business Insights recently reported.
The internet of bodies is an integral part of the internet of things; The origin and development of this new term has helped the presence of many devices specially prepared for the human body, such as devices used to monitor physical fitness such as wrist watches, heart rate monitors, blood pressure measuring devices, microchips implanted in the body . monitors the work of the digestive system, brain stimulation devices, and others.Many tools and devices specifically designed to monitor the movement and performance of the human body, which are treated as a computer system that can be monitored and reprogrammed.
And the internet of bodies – with a simple definition of it – is the link between the devices within and around the human body through a secure connection between them, and this communication sends very important information and data about current and future health of the human body, which contributes to the treatment of many diseases or the prediction of their occurrence before they occur, In addition to the monitoring and diagnosis of patients immediately and with extreme accuracy, as the IoT for all platform recently mentioned.
This deluge of data on everything from diet to social interactions can help improve preventative health care, increase employee productivity, and encourage people to become active participants in their own health and the health of their community.
An artificial pancreas, for example, can automate and regulate insulin doses for diabetics, and “brain-computer interfaces” can give amputees the ability to control their prosthetics with their minds, and smart diapers can alert parents via an application when their toddler needs a change.
But despite its potential to revolutionize just about anything to improve our lives, health, and lifestyles, the Internet of Objects can endanger our most private personal information and even endanger our lives.
A recent study by the RAND Corporation revealed that this type of technology has the potential to improve people’s lives in countless ways, but it also has many risks. Maximize the positive side and minimize the risks and negatives that may occur.
“When it comes to regulating the operation of the Internet of Objects and the possibilities it has, it’s the Wild West,” says Mary Lee, a mathematician at the Foundation and lead author of the study.
“There are many benefits to these technologies that some consider too great to be delayed by policy, but we need to have a greater discussion about the cost of these benefits, and how we can avoid some of the risks altogether,” she said. said. added.
“Large amounts of data are being collected, and the regulations for this data are really vague … There is not much clarity about who owns this data, how it is used, and even to whom it can be sold,” the study said. main leader. author explains.
Mathematician Mary Lee and her colleagues investigated the risks that IoT devices can pose across three areas: data privacy, cyber security, and ethics.
IoT devices that are already in use – and still in development – can track, record and store users’ whereabouts, physical features, what they see, hear, and even what they think. According to researchers at the RAND Corporation, there are many unresolved questions about who has authority to access this data, and how they can use it.
Data collection can pose a potential privacy risk, depending on what is collected, how often it is collected, whether users have given prior consent to the process, and whether they can easily withdraw or prevent companies from selling their data.
“For example, there is a patchwork of regulations in the U.S. that makes it unclear how safe these devices are to use,” Mary Lee said. “There are no national regulations on data brokers, so these brokers may share your information with third parties, who can then create a profile for you based on that data sold.”
Modern implantable defibrillators, for example, can provide ongoing information about patients ‘heart fluctuations, and these devices can also regulate patients’ heartbeats, and can help treat heart failure, as these devices are implanted in the chest with insulating wires that connect to the heart, and a transmitter in the patient’s home sends the data wirelessly to the doctor or hospital.
But it is also possible to use these devices to spy on the patient and use this data against him in the courts, as happened in one of the well-known US cases that took place with a heart patient who was accused of his house burned out of greed for insurance.In that case, data from a pacemaker implanted in the accused’s chest was used to convict him in court.
IoT devices can be vulnerable to the same security flaws as IoT devices, or any other technology that stores information in the cloud, but due to the nature of IoT devices and the data they collect, the risks are much greater as security holes make it possible. unauthorized parties to leak private information, tamper with data or prevent users from accessing their accounts.
In the case of some implanted medical devices, hackers can manipulate the devices to cause serious bodily injuries that could lead to death, and the national security of countries is also a source of concern as these devices allow data to be stolen. on the leaders and leaders of countries have implanted these devices in their bodies, and use them against them or know with extreme accuracy where they are, in preparation for their liquidation or target of terrorist operations.
Medical wristbands, watches and smartphone applications can also provide steps, heart rate, sleep patterns and other physical data, such as alcohol consumption, tracking, and many devices also provide easy-to-use analysis, giving individuals a more comprehensive view of their health, and can help users identify and research potential health problems in advance, and avoid them before they occur.
However, the volume of personal data that these devices collect, security vulnerabilities, and the potential for user errors can create unimaginable problems, as companies, hackers, and even foreign adversaries can exploit users’ data for financial or political gain.
In 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the first digital tablet with built-in sensors that record the drug taken on time Patients taking timely treatment are critical to preventing relapse.
Patients can give caregivers and doctors access to this information through a special web portal. It helps healthcare providers make sure patients adhere to their treatment plans, but it comes at the expense of exposing healthcare provider networks to burglary and cyber attacks.
The data collected by digital pills also helps insurance companies to monitor patients’ adherence to their medication, and to deny financial coverage to those who do not follow their prescribed treatment regimen accurately.
Privacy and security risks are at the heart of ethical issues for the individuals whose data is compromised, but the Internet of Objects raises more ethical concerns, including human inequality and threats to personal autonomy.
There are many people who do not have health insurance or even the ability to access the internet, or do not have the money to buy these devices to treat themselves, and this means that the benefits of this technology only reach the rich people will be limited. .
There are billions of dollars that rich people like Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos and Tesla CEO Elon Musk are pouring into new ventures or to fund scientific and medical research aimed at “chopping” the human body by treat it as a system. A computer whose programming can be changed, which considers various diseases, aging and even death as a repairable defect, and perhaps the results of this research and the applications that result from it will be limited to those rich people who are trying to save their lives extend and their biological systems whenever they are damaged at a time when millions of people do not find The price of treatment for communicable or chronic diseases from which they have long suffered.
Because this technology is still in its infancy, there are still many basic questions about whether individuals own their personal data or have the right to withdraw from data collection or to ensure that this data and information will not be used against them in the future. are not, especially by countries and governing regimes, especially in authoritarian states.