In view of the penetration of digital communication technology and its entry into most sectors of life, and due to the wide spread of the World Wide Web in our human life after the number of internet users worldwide increased from this writing to approx. 4.95 billion people, according to 2022 statistics, and this number is about 62% of the world’s total population, there are more than 1.83 billion sites in 2021.
The internet has grown rapidly over the past three decades, leading to the conception of a new communication dimension as a representation of cyberspace, which is considered one of the most important achievements of modern man, as a new means of communication that emerges From cosmically interconnected computers, and this space can be considered as the virtual environment developed by computer systems and the users who interact within it, or if we mean it is a field characterized by the interconnected use of the electromagnetic spectrum and electrons, the goal is to build, change, exchange, use, share, store, dispose of, and disrupt physical resources.
One of the channels in which cyberspace is affecting world politics is the new challenges it poses to international security, specifically in the form of two hostile processes: cyber espionage and cyber attacks and crimes.
Electronic espionage can perform the function of extracting sensitive and protected information, whether for the purpose of industrial espionage or to obtain government secrets. According to current estimates, industrial cyber espionage costs the US economy $ 300 billion annually, Germany $ 121 billion and South Korea $ 82 billion, while 86 percent of large Canadian companies were at one point victims of industrial cyber espionage.
On the side of cyber attacks and crimes, cyber threats have become more dangerous, especially during the last decade of this century, and they are occurring more frequently and at an accelerating pace. Some statistics related to this issue for the year 2022 show us the seriousness of what is happening; 85% of cyber security breaches are caused by human error and about 94% of malware occurs through email, while ransomware attacks occur every 10 seconds and about 71% of all cyber attacks are financially motivated (followed by intellectual property theft). , then espionage) and statistics estimate the annual global cost of cybercrime at more than $ 10.5 trillion by 2025. The future of cybercrime appears to be darker than ever, as research by Cybersecurity Ventures shows that the damage caused by ransomware annually, businesses can cost $ 265 billion worldwide, with an attack rate of every 10 seconds for businesses and consumers.
In just the past six months, cyberattacks worldwide have increased by 29% as threatening role players continue to exploit the COVID-19 pandemic as groups using ransomware tactics have entered a golden era, with the use of extortion against a accelerated rate has grown by more than 90%. in less than public.
The leading global cyber security company, Trend Micro Incorporated, and according to its recent report, it refers to scenarios that illustrate what the world will look like in the next decade, and what the security sector will be about. the advanced innovations of cybercrime, and what was said in the report called “Project” 2030 that by 2030 internet connection will affect all aspects of our daily lives, on both the physical and psychological levels. And cyber-threat actors will develop their malicious mechanism and exploit technological innovations. One of the most prominent expectations of the report is that artificial intelligence tools will contribute to the democratization of cybercrime, as data will be available to everyone, not just IT professionals, and attacks will cause chaos in supply chains and physical harm to people. caused by implanting cyber tools, and it will be Social engineering and disinformation attacks are hard to avoid when data becomes more widely available via “main level data projectors.” Massive IoT environments will also attract cybercriminals who will launch their attacks to target manufacturing, logistics, targeting, transportation, healthcare, education, retail and the home environment. We are seeing connections everywhere with 5G and 6G networks, and this will lead to more sophisticated and accurate attacks, as the report says that technological nationalism will become an important geostrategic tool for some of the world’s most powerful countries, in the given the growing gap between them and the technologically backward countries.
Mankind is facing an ever-evolving and changing cyber landscape in which the biggest issue of concern is ransomware, which has been described as the number one threat to cyber security in 2021. Data in this field indicate that most cyber attacks from Russia, Brazil and China, which is the first three countries where the attacks originated. And about the time it takes for these attacks to detect is about 280 days, while a typical organization takes about 197 days to identify the threat, but some violations can avoid detection for a long time.
Cybercrime is not going to go away anytime soon. It is expected that a greater number of these crimes will grow in the coming years as long as the preferred place around the world for this category is the internet, and the global cybersecurity market will continue to achieve higher growth, and it appears that the cost and damage from cybercrime is higher than that caused by natural disasters.
PhD researcher in political science