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“He has been dead since 2005,” said Syrian author and novelist Ibrahim al-Jibin, commenting on the death of the great Iraqi poet Muzaffar al-Nawab.

And the deaths of the representatives were announced on Friday in a hospital in Sharjah in the UAE, at the age of 88, after a long battle with illness.

Al-Nawab, born in 1934 in one of the ancient districts of Baghdad, was known for his unique style of poetry and performance in classical and colloquial languages.

Muzaffar al-Nawab is one of the heroes of the novel “Ain al-Sharq” written by Al-Jebeen, and he spoke in some of its parts about aspects of “the lives of the delegates that are unknown to many” and his relationship with his mother.

his mother’s absence

Al-Jubein told Al-Hurra that parliament’s mother was a “unique” Baghdadi woman and a pianist, and she was the one who raised him to appreciate the arts.

Al-Jebin’s friendship, now living in Germany, has continued with MPs since 1989, when the Iraqi poet lived in exile in Damascus.

When he last met him, he complained of a constant trauma in his life, which according to the forehead is the reason for his departure today, indicating that the representatives were physically very strong and cared a lot for his health, but the death of his mother had the greatest impact on his death today.

He adds that “the moment he was informed of his mother’s death was a shocking moment. He did not expect this woman to die.”

The forehead tells the first moments the deputies lived when they heard the news of her death and how it affected him afterwards, so that he became a different person.

“He called one day in 2005 to look for her in Baghdad. They told him no one was in the house. So he asked them where they were going, and they told him they were on their way from down the cemetery because they are burying his mother. ”

The forehead continues: “He was immediately shocked, and this shock, according to his description and expression, chose the weakest corner of his body, which is his nervous system.”

After that sad incident on the hearts of the delegates, he was diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease and has remained ill ever since.

The forehead says, “He is dead from that moment, and Muzaffar is no longer the one we were used to, the joyful person, even in his sad poems, feels joy and celebration of the beloved and optimism, and there is no despair in him… His loss of his mother destroyed his soul from within. “

revolutionary poetry

Due to his political tendencies and revolutionary poetry, the representatives spent more than half of his life in exile far from his homeland and moved between Syria, Lebanon, Libya and other countries.

Al-Nawab’s poetic talent began to appear from primary school to high school, before studying at the Faculty of Arts, from which he graduated in 1956, and was then appointed technical inspector at the Ministry of Education. In his youth he belonged to the Iraqi Communist Party and fought in his ranks.

That era in the history of Iraq witnessed a period of severe coups and conflicts between the communists and the nationalists who took control of the government after the 1963 coup, only to pursue the delegates and his associates, who forced to flee to Iran, to try to go to the former Soviet Union at the time.

But the Iranian intelligence arrested him and handed him over to the Iraqi authorities to sentence him to death, and then the sentence was commuted to life imprisonment.

He entered prison at the end of 1963, where he wrote his famous poem (Innocence), which is considered one of the most important books he wrote.

The deputies were detained in the infamous “Naqrat al-Salman” prison, which was designated a political prisoner at the time, and then transferred to the Hilla prison in the Babylonian governor, where he managed to escape in a dramatic manner. escaped after digging a tunnel out of his cell outside. the prison walls.

He fled until 1969, when a general amnesty was issued for political opponents, after which he left Iraq and moved between a number of Arab capitals, including Beirut, Damascus and Amman.

Spoor and Hamad

During that time, the delegates completed his first collections, which were in Iraqi colloquial language, and bore the title of his famous poem “Al-Rail and Hamad”, which he began writing in 1956 and completed in 1958.

The most famous Iraqi songs came from this diwan, including “Al-Rayl and Hamad” and “Violet”, sung by the famous Iraqi singer Yas Khedr.

He took great care of the Palestinian cause and wrote dozens of poems about it, including the poem (Jerusalem, the bride of your Arabism), in which he attacked Arab leaders with harsh words and therefore most Arab countries prevented him from entering . their lands, therefore he was called “the poet of the smuggled poem.”

In 1976, the poem “Tal Al-Zaatar” about the events of the Tel Al-Za’tar camp for Palestinian refugees in Lebanon provoked a new wave of anger against the Iraqi poet, forcing him to migrate again and to To move Libya.

Earlier, he criticized the summit of the League of Arab States, and after each summit he wrote a poem in which he attacked the political positions of the leaders of the region, and these poems include (Vortex of the sad seagull), (The Second Summit) and (The Summits Proliferated).

Among his poems are also (Violet of the Mist), (In the old bar), (Read in the book of rain), (O sadness), (family of cats) and (O Juhayman). Although he was affected by the political conditions in which he lived and about which he wrote, his other poems about love and spin were sweet and delicate.

Saddam and Assad

After the Ba’ath party came to power in 1968 and issued a general amnesty for political prisoners, the representatives met with Saddam Hussein, then Vice President of the Republic.

Regarding this incident, the deputies say in a previous television interview that the meeting lasted about two hours in Baghdad, where Saddam informed him that the Communists should cooperate with the Ba’athists and offered him an official post, but he refused. . The delegates then fled outside Iraq and only returned to the country for a few days in 2011 and then left again.

Syrian novelist Ibrahim Al-Jubein says the representatives once told him that a person close to Saddam Hussein had defected from the regime, and he told how the former Iraqi president listened to and cried popular poems of the representatives.

He added, “This incident has affected Muzaffar greatly as one of his fiercest enemies, sentenced to death, listens to his ties banned in Iraq and cries out in grief.”

Not only that, as the delegates held a position with former Syrian President Hafez al-Assad, as he confirmed that he refused to meet him, even though he lived in Damascus, under a dictatorial and totalitarian political regime.

Al-Jubein says the representatives “accepted hospitality and accommodation in Syria, but he refused the official invitation, which came to him to visit the Republican Palace and meet Assad.”

Al-Jabin notes that the representatives “had a great energy that he wanted to empty out of poetry, politics, struggle work and opposition to dictatorial regimes.”

Al-Jebeen believes that “the representatives had a great impact on Arabic poetry, on a level no less than the influence of the great poet Nizar Qabbani, and perhaps even more so because he wrote in both classical and colloquial language. . “

Al-Jabin concludes by saying: “I am not sad today about his death, because I am fully aware that his influence is permanent and will reach more to those who knew him and those who did not know him from future generations. “

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