Queen Elizabeth II of England broke all records when she dedicated her life to her royal duties and her people since she was sworn in at the age of 21.
The young Duchess of York was born Elizabeth on 21 April 1926 in 17 Bruton Street in affluent Mayfair, and became third in succession after David, Prince of Wales and his brother Albert.
In his article published by the French magazine “Le Point” (Le Point), author Mark Roche mentions that Elizabeth grew up between London and Windsor Castle. In the capital, the family moved to 145 Piccadilly Street, an area inhabited by the English aristocracy near Hyde Park Corner near Buckingham Palace.
Despite strict formal etiquette and rules, Elizabeth led a balanced and routine life away from protocol; Her mother’s direct teacher assistance provided her and her sister’s education and would spend a lot of time in their suite, which had large bedrooms, playrooms, bathrooms, and large windows overlooking Hyde Park.
According to former babysitter Marion Crawford, Elizabeth was distinguished in her childhood by her extreme seriousness and accuracy, as she woke up at night to make sure her shoes were fitted correctly, and she was eager for the sweets her parents gave her, to sort after lunch according to their size and eat the smallest first, and she also loved the collection of paper Gift Wrap.
The War in Windsor
After the death of George V on January 20, 1936, his son David succeeded him and adopted the title Edward VIII; Thus Elizabeth moved to second place in the order of succession because the new king had no children, but Edward VIII decided to abdicate the throne to marry Wales Simpson (the divorced) on 11 December 1936.
Albert reluctantly ascended the throne and was given the title George VI, which became the presumed heir to the throne, and in September 1939 the United Kingdom declared war on Germany and the king and queen refused to leave the country.
At the age of 18, Elizabeth became one of the 400 members of the Secret Council, a group of advisers responsible for supporting the monarch. A few months later, when she was 19 and on a driver’s license, Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor, service number 230873 of the Auxiliary Transport Service 1 Mechanical Transportation Training Center, joined the Army Reserve as a truck driver.
Cape Town travel
Elizabeth traveled with her parents on their travels to the provinces as well as to the Commonwealth countries, and in South Africa she delivered a historic speech on her 21st birthday which was broadcast by international channels, during which she promised to ” to dedicate her life to duty. ” “
On July 10, 1947, the Crown Prince was officially associated with Lieutenant Philip the Greek, a coach in the Royal Navy. Due to the austerity measures in place, only heads of state related to one of the spouses were invited to the wedding, which took place on 20 November 1947 at St Peter’s Abbey in Westminster.
It should be noted that the first duty of the heir or heir to the throne is to ensure the succession as soon as possible, which actually happened, as Elizabeth and Philip announced 3 months after their marriage that she was pregnant with Prince Charles, who was on Was born November 14, 1948, and after less than two years, his sister was born.
The birth of a queen
Elizabeth took on an even greater acting role when George VI’s health deteriorated, suffering from cancer, and Elizabeth and her husband, King George VI, replaced King George VI on an official visit to Kenya, the first leg of a royal tour of the Commonwealth of Nations.
On February 6, 1952, Elizabeth learned of the king’s death, and on her way back she continued to hide her grief and wept heartily in her private cabin out of sight. At London airport, political leaders led by Prime Minister Winston Churchill waited for her to welcome the new queen on the runway with black carpet.
On February 8, 1952, Elizabeth II was proclaimed Head of the Anglican Church and Commonwealth, and was crowned in a solemn ceremony at Westminster Abbey more than a year later. The new queen asked to broadcast the event on television against Churchill’s advice, but it does not deny the fact that Churchill took her first steps well until she gained confidence in herself 3 years after her accession to the throne.
women in her life
On July 29, 1981, 700 million people watched the fairytale wedding between Prince Charles and Diana live, and after the birth of Princes William and Harry, the heir returned to Camilla Parker-Bowles. Elizabeth II regretted having a mistress over his wife, but it was only natural that another woman in his life should occupy the first place in his heart, and his wife was destined to give him legal heirs, approve of his relationship, and think of England and the preservation of the Windsor dynasty.
The relationship between Margaret Thatcher (Prime Minister from 1979 to 1989) and the Queen was difficult, and the misunderstanding reinforced the female rivalry and increasing attractiveness of Margaret Thatcher in her last years in office, despite Elizabeth’s appreciation for the radical solutions of the Iron. Lady, and then things calmed down after his successor John Major came from a more modest background than Thatcher.
Divorce .. a new family conflict in 1992
The royal palace announced the separation of the Prince of Wales from Princess Diana, who wanted an official divorce, and because Charles is the future king and ruler of the Anglican Church, the Queen refused to divorce in the name of royal legitimacy, and Princess Diana is threatened with losing custody of her two sons.
In March, the Duke and Duchess of York, Andrew and Sarah Ferguson, officially announced the divorce, followed by about a month after the divorce of Princess Anne and Mark Phillips, and in the same year the controversy over royal finances and the failure of the Queen and her family to pay taxes on their private income, and Her Majesty was famous for her stinginess. Forced to submit to the will of the Prime Minister and the public to pay taxes like any other citizen.
The 40th anniversary of Elizabeth II’s accession to the throne was an opportunity to launch a counterattack in a disaffected populist climate; The BBC has aired a documentary called “Elizabeth R” with the aim of promoting her image as a dedicated queen in the service of her people and country doomed to the isolation associated with the post.
During the Windsor Castle fire in November 1992, no one dared to comfort the queen, who was stunned to see the ruins of her favorite house, and even Prince Andrew, who was standing next to her, did not think about it. to embrace her.
In a hoarse voice, Elizabeth resumed four days after the fire at a banquet in her honor in the city: “As one friendly reporter said, 1992 is not a year I will ever happily remember, it has in an ominous year changes. “
While the Queen was on holiday in her Scottish castle, Balmoral, surrounded by her family, the British Ambassador to Paris, Michael Jay, called Petit Salpetriere Hospital’s royal adviser on a private line in the middle of the night. to inform about the death of Princess Diana in a road accident. Queen Elizabeth II showed no emotional reaction. Since her divorce, Diana is no longer a member of the royal family and has been stripped of her title, so her death was only a private matter. Elizabeth II did not return to London and stayed at Balmoral to look after her two grandsons, nor did she consider it necessary to address an entire nation in shock.
In a short television speech watched by 26 million people, Elizabeth painted a dazzling portrait of Diana: “What I say to you today from my position, Queen of Oujda, I say from the bottom of my heart: She was an exceptional and talented person, for better or worse, never losing her ability to smile and laugh, or to inspire others with her warmth and kindness. ” Her Majesty’s speech was clearly the brainchild of Tony Blair’s advisers.
Charles’ love adventures
Charles’ romance has always caused a headache for the Queen, who would have preferred her lover Camilla Parker-Bowles to remain in the background in a long, aristocratic tradition, but Prince Charles wanted the opposite, forcing her to abdicate. On the ninth of April 2005, Charles finally married his mistress after a complex relationship that lasted 34 years, and after 7 years of it, the marriage of Prince William – the second prince on the throne – Kate Middleton brought joy to the royal palace and its owner, and the celebrations organized on the occasion of the 60th anniversary, contributed a year after her accession to the throne to the reunion between the Queen and her subjects.
The Queen’s established habits
Elizabeth II maintains well-established customs, but succeeds in adapting the monarchy when necessary to the development of society, and the only black dot remains in her reign – according to the author – that she has never bothered with racism, xenophobia and condemn discrimination in her. speeches.
Elizabeth II faced the paradox of being an ideological supporter of decolonization while still being influenced by the memory of her empire; She accepted Britain’s multicultural society without understanding it, and therefore her rule was still linked to the old aristocratic Protestant white imperial system.