Dismantling of the Libyan crisis | Idris Lakrini

Dr. Idris Lakrini

Despite the positive development observed by the political, security and economic conditions in Libya over the past few years, with the emergence of a group of local and international good offices and mediations, and the conviction of the political parties of importance to sit at the dialogue table. , the road to achieving stability and sustainable peace is still long, requiring more efforts and initiatives.

The successive crises that Libya has seen since 2011, with the departure of the Gaddafi regime, have attracted the attention of a large number of thinkers and researchers, who have dealt with the Libyan situation from different angles, and have stood by the various factors affecting the conflict in the country in its internal and external dimensions, and presented a set of perceptions and visions as a way out of trouble.

In this context, the contributions of the late Tunisian academic and sociologist dr. Al-Monsef Wanas (1956-2021), whose studies and research and intellectual contributions centered on the analysis of political and social dynamics in the Maghreb countries, and through various scientific meetings we convened in Tunisia, shared his firm conviction felt the need to achieve sustainable security in the region that would bring about development, and to establish Maghreb cooperation that would make it possible to invest in the available capabilities and build a regional bloc capable of various internal and external challenges.

In his book entitled “Libya that I saw, Libya that I see the duty of a country” published by the Mediterranean Publishing House in Tunis, in 2018, the author acknowledged the status of Libya in his conscience and his great love for it; He described her as the mistress he knew through his older brother, who worked there between 1969 and 1972. His visits to this country began in 1986 with a scientific purpose, related to the completion of anthropological research; Where he formed a clear vision of Libyan society.

Wyle confirms that understanding the Libyan personality is a basic scientific approach to analyzing and understanding many phenomena, especially the deep crises that the country is going through.

At the beginning of his book, the researcher highlighted the importance of rationalization and dialogue in dealing with the Libyan crisis. He raised two big questions: How can we break down in practice with the post-February 2011 lecture? Does Libyan society have sufficient historical, social, political, economic and value resources to rebuild and leave the state of failure?

In order to answer them, he addressed the issue through two main axes, the first of which relates to the identification of the roots of the crisis, failure and violence in Libyan society, and the second relates to the new Libyan civilization, in terms of its conditions, requirements and modalities of reconstruction.

In his description of the crisis, he believes that “the external Atlantic intervention in the country exposed the imbalances of Libyan society, injected hatred into the spirit of geography and awakened it under the sand, and the history of resentment and revived revenge between tribes. , parties and groups, especially in the Libyan West, and generously invested to scatter the joints of society, ”adding that the West deliberately destroyed the weak Libyan state to facilitate its interventions in this rich country.

He was also keen to monitor the political, economic and social problems in Libya, which are rich in his various abilities during the era of Gaddafi, especially at the level of the rule of the logic of one voice, and also note that the crisis that swept the country after 2011 is the result of a lack of experience, emphasizing that the issue of reconstruction implies a break with the manifestations of inclusivity.

After addressing the manifestations of the crisis, in connection with the leakage of weapons, the escape of prisoners and the deterioration of security, it was highlighted that the government did not invest generously in building people and supporting their modernity.

He concluded a set of results regarding crisis management; Where he stressed the need to monopolize the Libyan people by defining their choices, away from all external interference, and explaining that the political blockade deepens crises and kills all movements, emphasizing the viability of providing alternatives, and notes the importance of accepting a political solution and dialogue within the framework of partnership in the present, future and destiny, and consensus, and not exclusion, sanctification of national wealth, and respect for the right of generations to do so, with the need to restore basic cultures of a common destiny, to recover funds from abroad, and to respect the law and the state of institutions. Emphasize the values ​​of citizenship, including rights and duties, coexistence and emotional ties with the country and society, in ways that go beyond the bond of nationality and the community of cohabitants, in a way that contributes to building a society of citizenship. This is the appropriate approach to confronting terrorism, preserving the environment and immunizing the community internally and externally.

The author also insists on dialogue, agreement on the necessity of the state, distinction between national wealth and the logic of looting, the revival of the army and the development of its performance professionally, and the building of security institutions based on the new state , by strong national governments. , able to win a set of bets related to the modernization of administration, the care of cultural, health and educational institutions, the development of the legal system and investment in youth.

The consolidation of stability and progress in Libya remains largely dependent on the establishment of a civilian state open to all Libyans, capable of overcoming narrow affiliations and combating all manifestations of corruption and all threats to the right to life. .

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