“Food technology”: The state has developed a plan to develop milk collection centers

Dr. Nahid Abdel-Moqtadir Al-Wahsh, Senior Researcher in the Dairy Research Department at the Food Technology Research Institute, said that the national project to establish and develop milk collection centers in all governors of the Republic is one of the most important files there has been in recent times. worked to increase Egypt’s milk production and its derivatives.

And to get the maximum benefit from this sector and the industries based on it, it is considered as one of the most important health and economic projects whose positive impact on the economy and the health of citizens will soon appear in the light of the state’s plans for sustainable development.

She added that the project is of great importance and has a major impact on the development of the dairy production sector in Egypt. The development is aimed at the dairy production chain in all its various stages, starting with livestock breeding and care, through research and veterinary care, periodic vaccinations for animals, milk, composition and transport, to manufacturing and marketing activities.

Dr. Nahed Al-Wahsh indicated that the dairy sector in Egypt relies heavily on private farms (large farms and small breeders), where small breeders represent the vast majority of those farms, and milk produced from large farms, which is characterized by high quality , is supplied to dairy factories at prices determined by a Special Price Formula according to the specifications of the milk,

As for the milk produced by small breeders, it is of a lower quality than farm milk, where the process of milking and handling is done by manual and primitive methods, which in turn is reflected in its quality, and the increase in bacterial content and the high level of acid in it in the summer directly affect the quality and price, and most Young breeders do not have modern equipment and devices to store milk during the stages of transport, storage and storage, which naturally leads to a decrease in the quality of these milk, which is the main factor that factories look at, in addition to the lack of technical support for breeders, all these obstacles that small breeders face have an impact directly on the quantity and quality of milk produced word.

The researcher at the Food Technology Research Institute explained that since the launch of the presidential initiative for the project to establish and develop milk collection centers in all governors of the Republic, government regulations have not stopped the need to speed up and establish this system. do not complete. and the establishment and development of the largest possible number of collection centers and the use of all specialized expertise in this field Contributing to the formation of an integrated system that maximizes milk production in quantity and quality and provides opportunities for the establishment and development of related food industries .

She added that the state has developed a plan to increase the efficiency of the current milk collection centers and transfer them from random image to regular work, as these centers are considered as marketing outlets for the milk of small breeders and dairy producers, whose presence ensures the improvement of the quality of the milk produced, whether for fresh consumption or for the production and acquisition of high quality free milk Contaminants, impurities and pathogens comply with the health standard specifications as a condition for their acceptance.

The milk collection centers are also working to reduce the role of intermediaries in the milk marketing process in the rural sector, which contributes to the stability of milk prices throughout the year.

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The development not only includes the development of buildings and facilities, but also includes the development of individuals, devices, equipment, techniques, scientific competencies and performance standards for those centers. This is done in parallel with the development of small and medium farms and increase done. the efficiency of work in them to keep up with international requirements and the provision of all support and assistance to small breeders and dairy producers.

She pointed out that the return of the project to develop milk collection centers to the consumer is to increase the per capita share of milk and provide clean milk with healthy specifications, high quality and free of pathogens, while the health of the consumer is preserved by resisting. and the reduction of diseases common between humans and animals, the provision of the cost of treatment and the provision of a milk product of consistent quality. With standard specifications, which improve the health of the consumer and support the improvement of public taste and contribute to the development of products.

Dr. Nahed Al-Wahsh said that the project’s contribution to the production of baby milk locally instead of importing it, is the state’s efforts to support the milk collection center project, where the state is making intensive efforts to promote the Egyptian dairy industry and and complete new horizons for exports abroad.And complete for those who want, and the Central Bank’s financing initiatives to provide soft loans at a falling interest rate of 5% to reduce the burden on small breeders and the development of centers in addition to the Central Bank’s initiative to support the industrial private sector by providing £ 100 billion by banks at an annual interest rate of 10% declining to finance the purchase of raw materials and production requirements, as well as to Financing machinery, equipment or production lines and providing the amount of the down payment required to start the equipment and appliances n prepare until the financing procedures of the banks are completed.

A joint co-operation protocol has also been signed between the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Recycling and the Agricultural Bank of Egypt aimed at providing logistical, technical and financial support to dairy collection centers at the Republic level to increase their efficiency and develop work therein. to keep up with international requirements.The protocol aims primarily to enable small breeders, dairy farmers and farmers to produce high quality Milk that meets the specifications.

It was also approved to finance and borrow EGP 17 million through the Agricultural Bank of Egypt to develop, increase and operate 15 milk collection centers in 6 governors

Cooperation has been established between the Ministries of Agriculture and Military Production to provide the necessary equipment and devices for dairy collection centers, a national industry of the highest quality and specifications, at competitive prices, and the warranty period of the devices extends from 10 to 20 years.

She added that the ministry has set standards for the development of milk collection centers in accordance with international standards and specifications, such as the efficiency and development of some milk collection and refrigeration centers, as well as milk processing in the governors of Qalyubia, Menoufia and Beheira. by the owners of those centers, by feasibility studies prepared by the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Recycling.The direct technical supervision of the Ministry.

Dr. Nahed Al-Wahsh confirmed that President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi has issued guidelines for the state to bear the cost of these centers to the international certificate for the approval of standard specifications for the quality of production, amounting to £ 50,000 for to carry out each center in support of the state for breeders and to ensure the quality of dairy products and the direct impact on the health and safety of citizens, in addition to opening up the prospects of exporting abroad to the financial return for workers in increase this sector by improving the value of the product.

She indicated that the president has the right of the Egyptians to meet all their food needs with international standards

The Ministry of Agriculture continuously and continuously oversees the implementation of the project and provides scientific and technical support and international accreditation certificates required for these centers. The Ministry has targeted the development of 826 dairy collection centers, and 205 centers are being developed first. . The implementation rates have so far reached more than 65%, where 150 centers have been developed. Equipment is already provided and installed in 18 centers, and work is underway in 37 centers until January 2022.

The ministry has also established ten new milk collection centers in governors with a high density of small dairy cattle breeders, which do not have milk collection centers in line with international standards and standards to be models for the private sector.

She added that the milk collection centers were included in the medium and small projects to benefit from the Central Bank’s initiative, and the owners of the milk collection centers were excluded from the legal requirement for financing.

A technical committee was also set up to assess the milk collection centers on the ground, to determine the development needs of each center. The state was also eager to establish dairy collection centers in Upper Egypt governorates that have a high density of livestock and do not have the presence of dairy collection centers. Contributing to increasing the efficiency of this sector, increasing its exports and increasing the profits of producers.

The project to develop dairy centers coincides with the ministry’s efforts to care for livestock through a periodic scientific plan for immunization and the production of new breeds with higher milk production. All scientific and research bodies in various governorates contribute to the provision of all kinds of support to improve the health of livestock herds and increase milk production.

She said that the quality teams in the laboratories of the Ministry of Agriculture support the milk collection centers technically and practically to obtain the Certificate of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) and the certificate of food safety management systems ISO 22000.The requirements. of the system and training on healthy health basics that must be followed to produce high quality milk.

It also analyzes the milk imported into the centers with modern equipment provided to the laboratories by the Ministry of Agriculture to chemically and bacteriologically analyze the milk accurately and quickly and to ensure its health quality and to ensure that it is free. are of diseases and biological, chemical and physical contaminants, and the milk samples from all suppliers to the collection center are analyzed separately in records. Specifically for each supplier to know its chemical composition and its compliance with the Egyptian standard, and to determine the quality of nutrition received through milk. animals, as well as to ensure that it is free from all forms of commercial fraud.

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