Away from aircraft and tank caps, bullets and biological warfare, several European countries are exposed to the most dangerous types of attacks in their modern history, represented by: Cyber threats And thethe piratewhat becomes different Government Institutions Almost every year, countries issue a report on the details of their fight against cybercrime, as Germany was one of those countries that recently announced that it would be exposed to more than 140,000 cybercrimes in 2021 alone, an increase of 12% over the year 2020 …
The goals of cyberattacks differ according to the agenda of the attacker himself. Whether the target is electronic warfareTherefore, the main objective here is to disrupt all military and government positions of the enemy, inflict heavy losses on him and force him not to control his advanced military technologies.Or, the attack may just be cyberterrorism, which is primarily aimed at stealing money and only demanding ransom from the company or organization whose data was hacked and its data stolen. However, the type of attacks and the methods used in them remain the only common goal among all hackers, whether it is Doula or gangs, to paralyze computers and cell phones with the aim of eliminating them or stealing data from them. steal.
In its annual report on cyberattacks, the United Nations emphasized; That despite international efforts to reduce the impact of cyberattacks on countries, the international conflict is now most intense over user data, which they have described as the most important and prominent strategic commodity, noting that it is the oil of the twenties. first century.
The United Nations described these operations as immoral, because the cyber attack starts from one computer, targeting networks or personal devices, either to spy on their owners or to destroy the digital infrastructure of the whole company or even countries, and here it was called an electronic weapon; Note that those responsible for the cyber attack are either sovereign countries, specific groups, individuals within society, or organizations funded by gangs, and point out that the attack has become very complex in the light of technological development and new methods used by the attackers.
The Federal Office for Crime Prevention in Germany issued a statement in which the security services monitored a sharp increase in cyberattacks on a large number of companies and individuals within German society, pointing out that estimates indicate 143,000 attacks in just one year .
German police said; That 143 thousand and 363 cybercrimes were recorded in Germany last year, an increase of more than 12% compared to 2020, but the report revealed that the rate of detection of the circumstances of these crimes is at a low level is and reaches almost 29%. , and the report stated that One of the reasons for this decline is the reluctance of affected companies to report, citing that close cooperation in the early stages of an attack is a prerequisite for the successful combating of cyber attacks.
For her part, Martina Link, deputy head of the Federal Office for Crime Prevention in Germany, said; DoS and ransomware are the most common in Germany, confirmed; The increase in attacks in Germany is not due to the easy penetration of German websites, platforms and institutions, but because Germany is a profitable target for these hackers.systems by encrypting all hard drives on the device, in which case the offenders a ransom payment, described by Germany’s crime prevention office; The most common attacks in the name of “ransomware” ransomware were last November on a company called Conti, whose software is used by about 25% of German medical clinics.
As for the other type that is common among hackers in Germany, it is called “DOS” attacks, which means “denial of service” whereby the offenders paralyze servers, which happened to a German company working in the provision of services. banking technology services, where the cyber attack caused it. Access to certain websites and banking services is temporarily restricted.
most dangerous attacks
Outside of Germany, a number of European countries were subjected to cyber attacks, including Belgium and the Netherlands, where they mainly targeted their oil facilities, and they opened an extensive investigation to target 6 oil terminals in just 24 hours, causing disruptions in energy. shipments and disruptions in activities.
A spokesperson for the Dutch prosecutor’s office said; An electronic attack was launched on several ports, some of which saw disruptions, and their software was hacked and they could not handle the ships, indicating that the attacks also disrupted the operating systems, in addition to preventing oil tankers from unload their cargo.
In France, the government has announced the most dangerous cyber attack in the last 3 years, targeting companies, institutions and their programs, as the government has accused a group of hackers called “Sandworm” of campaigning against a monitoring program that monitors of applications, networks and systems, which had a serious impact on the number of From French companies, as for Britain, there was a bloody cyber attack, aimed at a chain of schools that 50 primary and secondary schools in the capital, London, a few have reached. days after the National Cyber Security Center in Britain warned schools, colleges and schools about the growing threat of cybercriminals targeting educational facilities with ransomware attacks. .
The government has confirmed; The attack affected information technology systems, encrypted their data in an unknown format, and in the long run caused severe damage to school systems, causing tens of thousands of students to be deprived of access to their email service or devices for their schools, and it was with the aim to obtain a ransom, and also Ukraine, against which Russia is waging a fierce war, is also not spared from cyber attacks, and the last of those attacks was when Ukrainians were surprised by the doom one day last month. of the majority government websites, which the Ukrainian government described as a global attack.
The massive attack that hit Ukrainian government websites after midnight caused inaccessibility to the main website of the Ukrainian government, the website of emergency services, the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Energy and Defense and a number of banks. In Russian, Polish and Ukrainian it means that; “All the data on the computer has been destroyed and it is impossible to recover it.”
One of the most notable attacks was the exposure of the United Nations International Maritime Organization (IMO) to a sophisticated security breach against its information systems, and the Norwegian parliament also fell victim to a cyber attack targeting the private internal e-mail system. , and the US company Intel, the chipmaker, was exposed to a security breach after 20 GB of its internal documents were stolen.
The World Red Cross website was not spared from cyberattacks, as the committee announced that it had been exposed to attacks in which the attackers used a very specific set of advanced hacking tools designed for offensive security, as the attackers used complex embezzlement techniques. to hide and protect their malware.
The Red Cross said in its statement; The attackers gained access to our network and access to our systems by exploiting a dangerous and unprecedented vulnerability, and they developed hacking tools and post-exploitation activities. Once inside the network, hackers were able to deploy offensive security tools that allowed them to disguise themselves as legitimate users or administrators, who in turn allowed them to access the data even when the data was encrypted.
Types of attacks
Types of cyberattacks vary depending on the target of the attack, the United Nations said; The purpose of such attacks may be to gain access to the financial details of customers or the company itself, or to hack an individual’s bank account and tap the money, known as ransomware.
The motive may also be the hacking of a company’s device or network to gain access to a product design or trade secret to apply or publish in an individual’s institution, called intellectual property theft, or it could be a terrorist motive where terrorist groups hack personal devices to install spyware or malware.
Following these various attacks, the European Parliament intervened to introduce a number of controls to curb the cyber attack on member states, which developed with technological development, the most important of which was the tightening of control over surveillance technologies, especially spyware outside the European Union. , was and European countries also set new rules for the sale of Dual-Use Technologies that can be abused illegally and the imposition of new security regulations for telecommunications service providers.
One of the most prominent European moves to repel cyberattacks was what Britain unveiled, which is the latest offensive unit of its cyber units known as the National Cyber Force, a unit attached to the British Intelligence Agency and the Ministry of Defense, and it began its work in secret since April 2020 with several hundred hackers stationed in the city. Cheltenham along with other military sites, and its primary objective is to disrupt the communication of anyone posing a threat to the UK.