Some people think that teaching science in a child’s early years is only a plus for the already overcrowded curriculum for early childhood, and that there is no reason for science teaching when the focus should only be on teaching reading, writing and arithmetic.
But Miss Janelle, an expert in science education for children, disagrees and writes on her blog, my education box, that science is everywhere and that the education of young children simply cannot be ignored.
She added that science education in early childhood has a major positive impact on the formation of future scientists, who should appeal to children – especially girls – science and also science, technology, engineering and mathematics education on a young age in the curriculum.
A report by the “first discoverers” website also takes into account that young children are naturally curious and have endless questions about the world around them. We must therefore take advantage of this innate curiosity and begin to channel their enthusiasm for scientific discovery as soon as possible.
Here are some reasons why science education is so important in early childhood:
Cultivate a lifelong love of science
Research indicates that most children by the age of seven have a positive or negative attitude towards science learning and that attitude will remain well established, so by using their natural tendencies early on and during this key development phase, we can nurture and establishing a positive approach to science teaching that will remain with them in the future.
Forms a basic foundation in scientific concepts and scientific thinking
According to First Discovery, even the simplest activities can introduce children to scientific concepts and stimulate their scientific thinking.
Teaching science in the early years can provide a strong foundation in what is learned and how it is taught, which puts children in a good reputation. So by encouraging and guiding their natural curiosity, and introducing them to basic scientific vocabulary, parents can help children begin to understand the world around them, and gain some understanding of how things work.
Promote a growth mindset
Early learning of science promotes a growth mindset in children, as studies show that students with developmental mindsets have significantly better outcomes than those with fixed mindsets. And part of learning a growth mindset is to get kids to take risks and help, to understand that their thinking may not always be right.
Science gives us the opportunity to teach our children to experiment and take risks. It will help your children to see that science is not just about learning facts and being right, it is also about making hypotheses, testing and learning by trying things.
Flexibility and acceptance of failure
Taking risks and making mistakes is also important in teaching our children resilience and perseverance. By doing scientific experiments, children learn that failure is both acceptable and inevitable.
Our children generally accept mistakes and failures when they start school, but traditional schools quickly teach young children that there is only one correct answer and that it is an embarrassment not to achieve it.
And if we can honor and build on the God-given mindset of children, that is, accepting mistakes and failures and promoting these characteristics through the empirical nature of game-based science, we can strengthen their self-confidence in learning.
Scientific research skills
Children’s research skills emerge when you see how they learn through practical exploratory play. Scientific research skills include asking questions, planning, thinking about how to verify things, processing, analyzing and interpreting evidence, and coming to conclusions.
If you improve the investigative skills of young learners by encouraging them to ask questions and ask about phenomena around them, you will teach your children scientific investigative skills.
Develop life and social skills
Science education activities offer children opportunities to develop and practice many different skills and attributes such as communication skills, collaborative skills, teamwork, perseverance, as well as analytical, reasoning and problem-solving skills.
Understand the relationship of science to life
The fields of science include biology, chemistry, physics, Earth and space, and when your children are exposed to certain facts and concepts developed by scientists, they will learn more about the world in which they live as they use their scientific knowledge. to explain and predict phenomena and apply their knowledge to new situations in which they find themselves.
Confidence in themselves as scientists
Incorporating science into an early childhood program will help build your children’s self-esteem and help them see themselves as qualified science learners. And if you can help your children see science as something they can do, they will feel confident in their abilities as young scientists and develop a lifelong love of science.
Correct considerations for science teaching in the early years
First Discovery says that when it comes to encouraging science teaching in your child’s early years, there are many resources available to get you started, as well as ideas for different activities. But there are also some key considerations to keep in mind, especially:
The process is more important than the results: While it is really helpful for children to gain some scientific understanding along the way, getting to the “correct” answer should not be your overriding goal, as the main goals should be to channel a child’s curiosity and improve their investigative skills.
Child-led discovery: In addition to organizing specific activities that children can participate in, try to seek daily, spontaneous opportunities for scientific discovery, with your guidance but primarily the children’s leadership. Always encourage them to experiment and ask questions, and make sure you have plenty of resources available for them to use.
Present active, fun and practical experiences: Most children like active exploration through their senses, so you will find it much easier to engage them and be interested in doing experiments, so keep the activities short and varied, and always make sure there are plenty of opportunities for active and direct participation for all.
An electronic application can encourage your child’s interests, or introduce him to universes he has not even imagined before, and it can teach him everything about exploring distant planets, bird watching, learning about the weather, and more, and here is some applications that can inspire young children’s imagination and help them think like scientists, according to the Scholastic website.
- NASA has created an impressive range of applications to give children a glimpse into their tasks, and to help us navigate the treasure trove of scientific data it has collected over the years.
- This application (Sid the Science Kid) gives your child from 3 to 6 years a chance to try himself to observe nature, observe scientific things around him and know their interpretation through analysis and implementation of experiments.
- What is this bird? This is what the Merlin Bird ID application answers, download this application to take advantage of it in nature walks with your child, and you will notice many birds that your child may want to know, their size and what the bird is doing. Getting to know birds is fun and easy.
- This application (Toca Nature) allows children of all ages to design landscapes by planting trees, digging lakes and raising mountain ranges. And when the conditions are right, animals appear and your child can feed them plants and fish from the different environments he has created.
- Toca Lab helps to gain valuable real knowledge, build thinking skills and develop an understanding of science in general, so it is one of the popular science applications for children.
- “Millions of stars in the palm of your hand”; This application (StarMap) will give your child the ability to identify stars and planets, making it easy to find and identify every constellation visible in the night sky. Just hold your device in front of the stars to get a categorized map of what you see.
- Monster Physics is the perfect blend of learning and entertainment and is best suited for children 7 years and older. It is also a unique building application that allows your child to play with physics by building and driving their own car, and other tools through a variety of parts to help them solve tasks.