Queen Elizabeth II appeared today from the balcony of Buckingham Palace to greet the audience who came to see her on the occasion of the platinum anniversary of her takeover of Britain. What is the story of this historic palace?
Buckingham Palace is one of the landmarks of London and the United Kingdom, it is the official residence of the kings of Britain, and has witnessed many events related to the royal family, whether joys, crises or problems, and from there also the press releases of the royal offices are issued.
The palace is the seat of many meetings and visits of state leaders, in addition to being an important tourist destination, and more than 50,000 people visit the palace annually as invited to banquets, lunches or dinners, receptions or celebrations of the Royal Garden .
The palace also contains state rooms that are open to visitors every year.
Buckingham Palace is a strong starting point to see many of London’s attractions and landmarks, whether you’re seeing the River Thames, St James’s Palace, Big Ben, Piccadilly Square and others.
The building of the palace dates back several centuries, and the grounds of the palace were a royal farm owned by Edward the Confessor (1042-1066 AD), King of England of Saxon origin, and Henry VIII (1491-1547) King of England, in 1531, was James I (1566-1625) He is the King of England and Ireland (1603-1625) and also the King of Scotland (1567-1626) planned to be a silkworm farm to produce silk after taking the throne, but abandoned the idea.
Despite these royal activities on the grounds of the palace, it was not built by the royal family, but by the Duke of Buckingham “John Sheffield” in 1703, who built the house in a simple way – it makes’ a large part of Buckingham Palace out. today.
In 1761 the Buckingham House was sold to King George III for £ 21,000 as a home for his wife, Queen Charlotte.
In 1762 work began on the rebuilding of the house, according to the King’s requirements, according to Sir William Chambers’ designs, at a total cost of £ 73,000.
It was then developed in 1820 to be a majestic palace, and Parliament agreed to allocate a budget of £ 150,000 to complete the necessary transfers, but the king put Parliament under pressure and increased it to 450 000 pounds increase.
The main building has been preserved, but doubled in size, with the addition of a new wing, the rooms of which face west over the garden. The exterior design of the palace, covered with bath stone, reflects the French neoclassical style, which has since been favored by King George IV.
The first person to stay in the palace
Queen Victoria, the first to stay at Buckingham Palace, was a British king and queen, in 1837, just three weeks after ascending the throne. It became famous since that time, the British Royal Palace.
In June 1838, she was the first British queen to leave Buckingham Palace for the coronation, and the Queen’s marriage to Prince Albert in 1840 soon revealed defects in the palace. One of the serious problems for the newlyweds was the lack of rooms for children, and the presence of a very limited number of bedrooms for visitors, so the only solution was to build a fourth wing in its place, so that the palace surrounds is by buildings from its four corners.
It is known that both George VI and Queen Elizabeth refused to leave the palace during World War II, which made it an ideal target for the German raids, and that they may have remained in the palace, given their knowledge of the secret tunnels that have so far not been discovered all despite all the years and all the maps drawn for it.
The facade of the palace is 108 meters long, 120 meters deep (including the central square) and 24 meters high. The palace has 775 rooms, including 19 state rooms, 52 royal and guest rooms, 188 staff rooms, 92 offices and 78 bathrooms.
The palace illuminates more than 40,000 light bulbs and its 760 windows are cleaned every 6 weeks to keep sunlight inside.
The palace is a largely business building, a pillar of Britain’s constitutional monarchy, which houses the offices of staff and assistants of the Queen and the late Duke of Edinburgh, and their families.
It is also the official residence for large royal ceremonies, foreign visits and appointments arranged by the royal family, and the “state chambers” form the core of the palace as the seat of business.
The palace, in addition to the kings and princes, includes more than 800 workers and more than 350 hours, maintained by a work team that is constantly working to control these hours.
Buckingham Palace is adorned with the numerous precious masterpieces that form part of the Royal Collection, one of the most important art collections in the world, but that does not make it a museum or an art gallery.
Not the biggest of the royal palaces
Buckingham Palace is not the country’s largest, with Windsor Castle being the largest, largest and oldest inhabited castle in the world, and home to the royal family for almost 1,000 years. The property is housed there.
Windsor Castle is located in the English county of Berkshire, dates from the time of William the Conqueror, and covers an area of about 45,000 square meters. Windsor Castle, along with Buckingham Palace in London and Holy Road Palace in Edinburgh, is one of the most important official residences of the British Crown.