duration/ We begin the presentation of British newspapers from an analytical article by Felicia Schwartz and Derek Brewer in the Financial Times, entitled “Biden had to thaw with Saudi Arabia amid high oil prices.”
The authors say the expected meeting later this month, with Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, is “a turning point for a US president who described the kingdom as a pariah.”
They note that “when Joe Biden took over the presidency of the White House last year to succeed Donald Trump, there was no country whose relationship with the United States has suddenly and radically changed more than Saudi Arabia.”
But amid rising oil prices and record inflation at home, the US president, who once described the ‘struggle between democracies and autocracies’ as the central guiding principle of his foreign policy, has been forced to take a sharp turn.
On Tuesday, the White House was able to show the first fruits of the policy reversal: OPEC agreed to accelerate oil production to help compensate for lost production due to international sanctions against Russia, and Riyadh helped end the ceasefire between the Saudi-backed Yemeni government brei. and the Houthi’s.
The authors quote Daniel Shapiro, the former ambassador to Israel during the Obama administration, who said Biden “was suspicious of the Saudis long before Mohammed bin Salman emerged.”
Shapiro, a fellow at the Atlantic Council, added that “the White House must make an unemotional choice to add oil supplies to the global oil market and to ensure Riyadh’s support for America’s tough approach to both Russia and China.”
“It is the basic agreement that will make the trip worthwhile,” he felt.
In return, Saudi Arabia wants assurances that Washington will provide weapons and coordination to protect it from Iran.
“The Saudis are looking for more defense equipment, including Patriot anti-missile systems, new security guarantees and development assistance,” said Helima Croft, global head of commodity strategy at RBC Capital Markets and a former CIA analyst. civilian core program.
The war in Ukraine has forced the White House to reconsider many of its foreign policy agendas, from climate policy to its focus on rivalry between the United States and China.
And we turn to an opinion piece by Holly McKay in The Independent Online, entitled “Children of ISIS parents now live stateless in fear out of sight.”
Thousands of school-age children, born under the ISIS regime or born out of fighters, are collapsing through the cracks of the complex Iraqi legal system, leaving them without the right to help, school and freedom of movement.
“The term ‘stateless’ refers to a person who is not classified as a citizen by any state, in violation of international law and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which stipulates that every child must have the right to a legal and nationality identity and immediate birth registration, ”she said.
“These children, who are punished for the actions of their parents, will face: discrimination, social exclusion, inability to enter into legal relationships, poverty, and limited access to basic medical, food and community services. While Baghdad is struggling to form a government eight months after the elections, a solution to the plight of these innocent children is far from a priority issue that politicians are interested in resolving. “
“Thousands of children remain displaced in dilapidated and dangerous camps in northern Iraq and Syria, as well as those who hide from their rejected mothers and try to capture parts of their shattered lives. Under the so-called ‘caliphate’, ISIS has issued its birth certificate. and marriage certificates. ” But the Iraqi government does not acknowledge this. It is common for mothers to lose their original documents or for terrorists to confiscate them. “
“Not only is there a lack of DNA testing, but mothers are regularly sexually assaulted by the security forces around the sprawling Jadah camp in Mosul,” according to a former high-ranking government minister, who asked not to be named. does not become.
The former minister remarked: “Sometimes these women and children who survive ISIS can be issued ‘yellow cards’. While it may help to access services, they are not sexual documents and can lead to further stigma. Displaced women are sometimes forced to ‘participate’ in the cycle of corruption with the guards in exchange for such a security card, there are no clear statistics on the number of these cards issued or even the number of stateless children in the country not.”
Representative Ryan Al-Kildani explained to the newspaper that “yellow cards of ISIS families in Iraq make gypsies,” and points out that “even the publication of the cards has attracted strong opposition in Parliament. Some politicians do not want any children of ISIS do not accept and do not believe that ‘thoughts can change’. ” through rehabilitation.
“The legal forgetfulness of innocent children must be addressed. First, the international community can help provide a DNA test to determine the nationality of a child whose father does not know. Then the burden will fall on foreign governments to to accommodate these children, “she says. .
And she concludes, “Baghdad can enforce provisions that allow boys to obtain their mother’s nationality. For orphans, it may be a matter of issuing them Iraqi documents, regardless of the circumstances.”
And we conclude with a report by Richa Seal in the Guardian about the dust storms that hit the Gulf states and Syria recently.
The author says that “coverings of dense fog and an ominous orange sky, since early April, have sent thousands to hospitals and led to at least four deaths in Iraq and Syria.”
“The horrific scenes have affected everyone. Hospitals in Syria are on standby with residents unable to breathe. Iraq has forced schools and offices to close in some provinces, and declared a state of emergency on May 16. In the Gulf states, flights have skyrocketed. stopped in Kuwait, Both Saudi Arabia and the UAE issued dust storm warnings.
“Increasing frequency of dust storms means more problems, more loss of life and property, and more destruction,” said Nassim Hossein Hamzeh, a researcher specializing in dust projects at Iran Air and Climate Technology.
“Dust and sandstorms are a meteorological phenomenon, and represent one of the most serious natural hazards in arid regions. In the Middle East, they often cover dry and semi-arid lands, usually in late spring and summer. Experts say they were bad this year, “according to the author.
“Dust storms do not just affect one country or a specific place in the world, but can have far-reaching consequences worldwide,” said Mog Akpinar-Elsey, dean of the School of Public Health at the University of Nevada.
Dust particles can travel thousands of miles. All that is needed to create a storm is wind, a source of dust where there is little or no vegetation, and a dry climate. One of the most common ways in the region is when northwesterly winds push. The strong cold air traverses the dry and sandy territories of Iraq, picks up dust between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and carries them along the Arabian Peninsula. Arabia and other Gulf states, in addition to Jordan. “
Mohamed Mahmoud, director of the Climate and Water Program at the Middle East Institute, warns that previously rare recurrences will be more frequent as the climate crisis increases droughts and heats an already arid region, with changing weather patterns to create more storms, according to the author.