The Gulf, Europe and America attract Egyptian expertise (The New Arab)
When the Egyptian Ministry of Housing announced the launch of US dollar cemeteries, the LinkedIn Employment Company announced the results of a comprehensive and comprehensive study, in collaboration with the World Bank, which showed that Egypt is at the top of the list of countries who drove out the land. most creative minds in the field of information technology. Research has come to the forefront of areas in which Egypt is losing its creative frameworks, followed by software and artificial intelligence. The same study stated that the countries that benefited most from Egyptian talent were the United Arab Emirates, then Germany, Canada, Kuwait and the United States.
This is an old phenomenon, and what was new and more dangerous than it was the migration of specialized skills in health matters, such as doctors and nurses, says “Nader,” a pseudonym for one of the space technology professors working abroad.
Nader explains that the issue of the migration of creative thinking for better opportunities is not a problem in itself, and it is a global phenomenon. The bleeding of cadres on which important industries and vital activities depend, ”he said, referring to the recent emigration of doctors, which threatens the health care system in Egypt.
“Nader”, who chose not to reveal his identity, for fear of his family in Egypt, sees the migration of cadres and technical skills abroad as “a danger that will lead to delays in these industries.” Sameh, a young programmer, agreed to speak to Al-Araby Al-Jadeed by his first name just to avoid security persecution. He says he chose to return as a “manufacturer” (technically), after owning a company where technicians worked, and himself providing programming services to Golf companies while living in Cairo.
He added, in his interview with Al-Araby Al-Jadeed, “If it were not for family obligations to my elderly parents, I would have joined the young programmers who worked with me and in the past to Europe and the Golf traveled. Years. ” Sameh criticizes the curricula of institutes and colleges that specialize in information systems, “His job has been to give the students certificates to defer service, while the subjects being taught have expired and are no longer needed for the market with the acceleration of progress, and only those who are trained will survive. ” When Sameh has been asking technicians for months to hire them into his company, information system graduates “can not download a copy of Windows or perform rudimentary tasks on the Internet or in programming.”
As for Tawfiq, he managed to stay at the helm of his educational information technology company in which only two fresh graduate technicians remained, while rolling up his sleeves and helping them, like any technician, to meet clients’ technical obligations, especially at school support level. “Tawfiq says, and prefers to be content with just his first name, that he is struggling to find qualified programmers after the Gulf countries and Europe attracted programmers to them, while the technical and educational institutions specializing in information systems are pumping more and more certificate holders.” Out of a thousand of them, they are counted on the fingers of one hand. ” Those who have technical and technical skills, and they quickly join the first opportunity to travel and immigrate. ”
Tawfiq acknowledges that he is struggling to keep his company open so that he does not have to work remotely for an international company, noting that “many information and technology system companies have closed their doors, or their owners have been forced to to move abroad with their workers and technicians, where the operating costs are easier and the profit opportunities are greater. ” He added: “If my sons had not grown up, and I had obligations and obligations to my family and relatives here, I would have emigrated.”
In his interview with Al-Araby Al-Jadeed, Tawfiq explains the recent increase in technical brain drain with the spread of the Corona virus, in the form of “companies pushing to get their employees to work from home, which has created tremendous pressure on the demand for technical systems that allow work from home, and with the lack of technical frameworks there, It hired workers from other countries, and Egypt was geographically closer to India, the largest and most powerful competitor in the world in this field, which coincided with the Egyptians’ desire to migrate abroad.
Programming and information technology services do not need the technician to move to the workplace, as these people are already working from their homes in their companies in Egypt, so why did they move to Europe and the Gulf when they could work with their families in Egypt, and get salaries in dollars from companies abroad? Tarek Soliman, an Egyptian programmer working in Germany, attributes this to young people’s desire to leave the country. He says: “The job opportunity came as an appropriate justification for emigration.” Speaking to Al-Araby Al-Jadeed, he added: “While it is financially better for a person to sit in his country and receive the same wages, it is less stressful to live abroad than to work from home. , where the threats are many. ” And he adds, “I wanted to live in a country where I was treated with respect.”
Khaled, a young programmer who traveled to Turkey without a job years ago, agrees. He told Al-Araby Al-Jadeed: “Exit was the first choice so that I could breathe freely and work freely, and I told myself that I would find an opportunity to work because my field was needed, and I discovered that my colleagues in other companies left for the same reason, and work was an excuse to leave. ” As for the families that Khaled left behind, he helps them with monthly amounts of money, and tries to bring them to where he lives today in Germany, where he arrived from Turkey.
On Twitter, tweeters said that the phenomenon of immigration and naturalization without Egyptian nationality goes beyond the mere desire of a player to become a professional or a technician to earn, but rather a protest against the deteriorating conditions in the general is. Former adviser to the President of the Republic of Scientific Affairs, Essam Hajji, stated: I mourn for thousands of researchers and students who have emigrated and scattered in search of the minimum amount of money The capabilities to complete their message in the service of the nation of Iqra, who only read news of games and entertainment.
On the other hand, Member of the Senate and Assistant Chief of the Wafd Party for Strategic Planning, Engineer Hazem Al-Jundi, have submitted a request for a general discussion to the President of the Senate on the explanation of the Government ‘s policy on the phenomenon of cadres and skills migration to work in countries abroad. Al-Jundi addressed the discussion request to the Prime Minister, the Ministers of Higher Education and the Acting Minister of Health and Population. In the request for general discussion, the soldier revealed that, for example, there are about 110,000 doctors who have emigrated from Egypt in the past three years, which represents half of the number of doctors estimated at about 215,000, and explains that these figures indicate that the average number of doctors is decreasing Doctors per citizen, as there are 10 doctors for every 10 thousand citizens in Egypt, while the world average is 32 doctors for every 10 thousand citizens.