When the philosopher William James managed to stop time !!! – The second part

Said Sona – researcher in contemporary thinking

Imam Ali, may God honor him, says, “A person is either your brother in Islam or your equal in humanity.” … This is why Islam was established with a package of legal texts, and through its firmness to a system of principles in dealing with the other, preserving its personal and religious privacy and guaranteeing it all its rights when he is in the lands of Islam is, either with the coming of the Nakba or what is called the stage of historical defeat ,,,, where the concept of the nation was crushed and the country took over … There in the countries of Islam the so-called secular civil state appears, which circumvents legitimacy in the concept of citizenship and religion and makes it a hypothetical freedom does not make a source of government and legislation ,,, And the constitution and the regulatory laws have become the decisive factor in the expansion of the pillars of the civil state … If Nietzsche said, “Hell is the other,” Islam regards the other as a Muslim project, even if it is not so The Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be with him, when the funeral of a Jew at passing him, He fell unconscious on his knees, and he was told why you weep for a Jew ,,,, He told him the blessings and peace of my Lord ,,, I wished he had a Muslim would die until I freed him from the fire ,,, May my soul and all that I possess be sacrificed for you, my beloved, the Prophet and thinker, and the head of state the nation, The legislature, the military commander and the faithful judge ,,, This Messenger was sent by God to the whole universe to make of him an oasis of happiness, beginning of the world, beyond the grave, and ending with an eternal paradise …

This initiation was necessary so that the people of uncleanness, who were inflamed by the demons, could rejoice, in accordance with the statement of the Almighty: “Have you not seen that We sent the devils against the unbelievers to urge them to to encourage them. on from what we referred to in previous research? My sacred sayings in immunizing the self against any integrative reading are as follows.

“Do not trust your faith …
And do not rely on your security …

Heal yourself and your strength …
And seek help from your Lord to protect you …
Especially in times of unrest …

Without God’s help and success you are doomed!
O God, I am with You and from You and to You and to You we started with You and came back to You …

Yes, we chose to go to the other, in discussing the philosophical encyclopedia that walks the earth ,,,, William Henry James ,,,, and especially in a beautiful fantasy he did without a bottom. .. There is nothing wrong with imagination if it makes us happy !!!

This William James exclaimed in the universe, and wanted to talk to time because he was old and did not want to die … So time came in the form of a tall man with his head high in the air ,,, with ‘ a long thick stick with which he runs through the earth … And all mankind looks at him !!!

He said in a loud voice: Did any of you ask me?
William James replied: I am
He said: What do you want?
He said: Why do you run out of time I want you to stop ,,, I do not want to die ???
He said: Yes, I will stop, you will not die, but know that the man who drinks medicine will not recover, because he will remain in pain, and you will not give birth to your child, you will stay pregnant … and this child will not grow up, it will stay that way …
He added: “I am not responsible for you if you freeze.”

And at that moment William James was nailed to his place and said for the time being:

Why do not you go back, we want our lost youth ???

He said: I will go back, but ??
Fear struck William James’ heart, and he said: But what shall I answer ?!

Time said: You will return as a young man, then a child, then a baby, and then return to your mother’s womb … and you who killed your husband and promised him not to go after him do not marry ,,, He will rise from his grave and find you married !!! And you, young man, your father will rise from his grave to ask you about his riches that you have squandered right and left ….

Suddenly William James gave in to time.

Tell us, O Time: Are you an appearance or a substance … or what ???

Time said: Know well ,,,, That life is renewed and not frozen, life is continued in the species and not in the individuals, the species stays and individuals die, the leaves of the trees fall, then other leaves leave they, the fathers die and then the sons come … and so on …

Indeed, it is the duality of life and death, and what a delusion of imagination, that makes us feel at ease, but what are the main stations of the mind of William Henry James ???

Philosopher William James was the first teacher to teach a psychology course in the United States, and he deserves the title “Father of American Psychology …
This genius was a thinker in many disciplines such as physiology, psychology and philosophy, as well as the owner of the principles of psychology 1890, which undoubtedly gave a rich mix in the field of psychology and influenced generations of thinkers in Europe and America, and his writings from the beginning were philosophical. As far as scientific …

Who is the philosopher William James?

He was a philosopher, psychologist and one of the great thinkers of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. After graduating from medical school, James focused on the human psyche, writing a masterpiece on the subject, The Principles of Psychology, and is best known for numerous articles on popular philosophy. …

Early life of the philosopher William James:

William James was born on January 11, 1842 in New York City, and his family was an intellectual family, and he was the eldest of their five sons, and educated by teachers in New York City and Europe, and early James aspired to either being an artist or a scientist, and indeed he studied drawing for more than a year with William Morris Hunt, after which he abandoned his dream of becoming an artist, and enrolled at Harvard University to study chemistry and physiology. to study, and then went to study at Harvard Medical School in 1864, and in 1865 James took a break from teaching and wanted to join the Louis Agassiz expedition going to the Amazon Basin, then he went to Germany in 1867 for treatment as he suffered from a number of health problems, including back pain, vision problems and depression …

William James’ career

The philosopher spent most of his academic life at Harvard. After completing his studies, he was appointed teacher of physiology and anatomy in 1873, assistant professor of psychology in 1876, assistant professor of philosophy in 1881, and formal professor. in 1885. career learning until he became emeritus professor of philosophy in 1907 …
Although James studied medicine, physiology and biology, he derived all these scientific studies from the human mind himself, and psychology began to form as a separate discipline in itself, and he worked with celebrities such as Hermann Helmholtz in Germany and Pepper Jeannette worked. in France, and has taught courses in Scientific Psychology at Harvard University …

Philosopher William James and epistemology

James was the author of the realistic theory as it was a mixture of true correspondence theory and coherence theory of truth, he proved that truth can be verified to the extent that ideas and statements correspond to real things, and also see how coherent they are, where the pieces of the puzzle fit together, and the verification Including, in turn, by the observed results of applying the idea to actual practice …

Other theories of William James

There are many contributions to James in psychology, where he has had many theories, including:

The pragmatic theory:

James wrote extensively about it while defining the concept of pragmatism, and according to realism said that the truth of an idea can never be proven, and suggested that we rather focus on the monetary value or usefulness of an idea. .

Functional theory:

In it he strongly opposed a focus based on meditation, the fragmentation of spiritual events into the smallest elements, and rather focused on the effectiveness of the event, given the influence of the environment on behavior …

James-Lange emotional theory

This theory explains that if something happens that leads to a physiological response that we then translate according to this theory, emotions occur as a result of our interpretations of these physiological responses …

William James and free will:

In his search for truth and the different principles of psychology, he developed his two-stage model of free will. He tried to show how people come to make a decision, and what factors are involved in that decision. He first wanted to identify the basic abilities to choose free will then define two factors for each person: opportunity and choice.

William James’ personal life:

James married Alice Howe Gibbins in 1878 and they had five children, and he was particularly depressed when he and his wife lost their son Hermann due to complications of whooping cough at the age of two …

Later life of William James:

For the rest of his life he concentrated all his energy on the development of his own philosophy, writing essays and lectures which were later collected and published in four books, and resigned from Harvard in 1907, worrying that he would die quickly before he completed his philosophy. He suffers from many diseases such as angina pectoris and shortness of breath, and has often been subjected to intellectual assault by the prevailing philosophers because of his pragmatic treatment of truth, which he defended in a group of published articles where he spoke about the meaning of truth. .

The death of William James … this is the heir ???

In 1910 he had a heart problem and was very tired, and he was unable to do any normal activities, and he tried hard to complete his book on the problems of philosophy, but he was on August 26, 1910 died and in 1911 his book he was working on was published, as his son Henry published his posthumous memoirs and studies, after which he compiled all the essays, reviews and letters of William James and edited them in two volumes, his writings Admired for their lively and lively style, William James exercised spontaneous thinking and freshness of expression ….

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