Once the story of the English writer and doctor John William Polidori “The Vampire” was published in 1819, the legendary character stormed out of his bottle sealed with bullets, spreading terror in people, with sparkling eyes and a snowy face like pale as the faces of the dead. Or rather, the faces of evil beings returning from the dead, victims of suicide, witches and the malevolent spirit of a corpse thirsting for revenge. It caused mass hysteria, and even the public execution of those suspected to be vampires.
But the honor for the birth of a unique kind of vampire belongs to the Irish writer Bram Stoker, who this year celebrates the 125th anniversary of the publication of his novel “Dracula”; The most famous classic example of horror stories that flourished in England since 1762, and from her womb came Count Dracula, who strives for eternity, so he has to this day become one of the most famous and immortal figures in Western literature.
How do you defeat a demon?
The idea of the vampire invented by Scooter, whose novel is celebrated every year in May, was not enough to look back for a long time until we clashed with supernatural beings draining blood, or feeding on the flesh of the living in all cultures of people. What those ancient ages missed, however, is the term coining, and then these evil actions such as drinking blood, feeding people, controlling thoughts and inciting sexual lust, are attributed to demons or spirits, and Satan is considered a synonym for vampire.
By analogy, the panicked used the same way used to deter Satan from defeating blood sugar, such as garlic, wild roses and hawthorn plants, and sprinkle mustard seeds on the roofs of their homes. Cross the running water, their polluted feet could never step on it.
Although vampire-like creatures existed in ancient civilizations, the folklore of this entity originated around the early eighteenth century in southeastern Europe, with the oral traditions of many ethnic groups of that region codified and published. As usual, literature began to reinforce personal charisma. In 1797, the German playwright Goethe published The Bride of Corinth, a poem about a woman sucking the blood of her victims, the English poet Coleridge in his cold story Christabel, and James Malcolm in Varney the Vampire in the Middle Victorian period. The Irish novelist is Sheridan Le Fano, with his version of the gay vampire, Camilla.
Satan in Romanian
From these and other stories, Stoker drew inspiration from his hero and completed more than a hundred pages of footnotes based on Transylvanian folklore and history, as well as an in-depth study of the bloodthirsty Roman tyrant, Vlad III of the Dracule family. Opinions are divided: Is the character inspired by Vlad the Impaler, Prince of Wallachia, or Countess Elizabeth Bathory?
So far, the controversy has not been resolved, especially since the author’s comments do not favor either of the two characters. However, Dracula coined the name Dracula at the Whitby Public Library while on vacation, and chose it because he thought it meant Satan in Roman.
The novel took letters, diaries and newspaper articles as a means of furthering the story. After the author’s introduction about the authenticity of the events contained in his novel, and that he “for obvious reasons” changed the names of places and people, he began his book with a strange business trip by lawyer Jonathan Harker to the castle of Count Dracula in Transylvania, to help him buy a permanent home in England. Since the first meeting, and over a period of several days with the Count, many suspicious events in the castle have kept him in check, including the absence of any mirror, no servants, the Count’s disappearance during the day, his absence to sleep in his room, and his unwillingness to eat any food or drink, so what does he live for?
Harker escapes from the castle when he distracts the secret, and falls prey to the shadows of terror that stretch against the walls of his room to the point where he can not distinguish between dream and reality, while feeling how his naked body robs become of the claws of desire. by three voracious women licking him with a disgusting lust!
Meanwhile, the Count arrived at his destination in search of fat game in England, after devouring the crew of the ship transporting him with his fifty boxes, including the land of his homeland which alone is capable of preserving his body. went to the land where he intends to parasitize on his blood.
Many critics received Dracula favorably, with knowledge of Stoker’s effective use of abomination. On the other hand, some considered it very frightening. Comparisons with other works in Gothic literature were common, including structural similarities with Wilkie Collins’ novel In White Dress (1859).
Sexuality and seduction are two of the novel’s themes that are most discussed, especially regarding the corruption of English women. Eileen Showalter sees that Lucy and Mina represent two different sides of the modern woman. While Lucy represents sexual boldness and unleashes lust, as evidenced by her question: Why can a woman not marry three men if they all want her ?, Mina stands on the opposite extreme, representing the woman’s own “intellectual ambitions “. Of the five vampires in the novel, there are four women, all aggressive, “sexually agitated”, who explode lust wherever they go, while Mina Harker represents the opposite of them all, and plays an important role in defeating Dracula, with all its seduction. Judith Wasserman, on the other hand, argues that the struggle to defeat Dracula is indeed a struggle for control of women’s bodies.
But Dracula is often read, especially the Count’s emigration to Victorian England, as a symbol of conquest literature, and of growing concern about racial pollution. Some associate the novel’s depiction of the vampire with the emigration of Eastern European Jews to England between 1881 and 1900, when the number of Jews living in England increased sixfold due to pogroms and anti-Semitic laws elsewhere. Critic Jacques Halberstam lists the links that Dracula connects with anti-Semitic ideas of the Jewish people: his appearance, his wealth, parasitic bloodshed, and his “disloyalty” to a single state. He quotes from the report an English worker who says that the stench of Count Dracula’s house in London looked like a “Jewish smell” to the bodies of those who often described Victorian literature as parasites.
Dear Dracula, can I see your fangs?
Every year in May, the town of Whitby, North Yorkshire, witnesses an unprecedented gathering of Mr. Dracula’s fans from around the world, to celebrate a novel that has built an entire industry in vampire culture. An event like this took months for its organizers, especially since this year they were specifically aiming to break the record set in 2011 at an amusement park in Doswell, Virginia. Tension increased as the celebration approached, as previous attempts had failed to break the record for trivial reasons such as the wrong shoes, and so the organizers tried to make it as simple as possible: black shoes, black pants or skirt, black dress, shirt, vest as well as the most important thing in our legendary hero; prominent caries.
More than 3,000 people have registered their interest in the event, but the registration of interest and attendance are two different things. Abbot Mark Williamson admits he could not really guess how many people would attend it. But interested people attended, including many who heard of him at the last minute. There were entry requirements, which began by asking the guest at the entrance, “Can I please see your fangs.”
“These clothes are out of my closet,” says Kate Robson, 24, in a full vampire costume. Kate, from Cockfield, Durham County, was accompanied by her siblings Christine (29), Nick (27) and William (23). It was Kristen who encouraged them to come because she liked Bram Stoker’s method so much. “Prose is very different from anything being written right now, it has a different way of seeing the world.” While her brothers were just attending, to satisfy that frightening desire that lurks beneath the skin, and scares people! At the top of the queue was retired photographer Chris Martin of Bear, Devon, dressed in Dracula’s clothes he was trying on for the first time. Martin spent an entire week learning how to apply true makeup faithfully, and became a mirror image of the light-hater, dark-lover, plagued by eternity, Dracula.
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Williamson describes the event as a truly insignificant event, but they take it seriously. He uttered the phrase while wearing a fine Victorian dress and suit made in the 1840s. “I live with a fashion historian,” he explained. His colleague, Joe Savage, Senior Director of Interpretation at the English Heritage Council overseeing the ceremony, also looked good, although he could not find a suitable outfit in his wardrobe, his daughter had him saved by her beautiful disassembly. to retrieve and rebuild. dress that makes her look like a butterfly at concerts.Under her constant sting to a vampire, she unknowingly revealed an essential aspect of the reality of the Transformed Count. “I’m afraid I look like a fat middle-aged bat and not a cute vampire,” says Savage.
At nine o’clock in the evening the crowd, children, old and young, standing draped in the bloody robe of a nobleman, waited for the result. And soon mouths with cries of victory revealed pointed fangs, whose efforts were not in vain. They managed to break the record by gathering 1,369 vampires in one place; Whitby Abbey, the sanctuary of the devil’s spirit and the scene of the events of Stoker’s novel, there is between the ruins of the monastery, the innocent tourists, the beautiful harbor, and the stories of the locals inlaid with kiss salt , and they were able to enter through a wide through the Guinness Book.
The idea of Dracula has been quoted more than 700 times in almost all forms of media, probably movies, software, video games and animation, in addition to nearly 1,000 quotes in comic books and on stage.
Stoker himself wrote the first theatrical treatise and it was shown at the Lyceum on 18 May 1897 under the title “Dracula, of the Undying”, shortly before the novel was published. The Count first appeared in the Hungarian silent film “The Death of Dracula” by Karoly Lagthe from 1921. Over time, the visual representations of the Count changed significantly from early theatrical performances in London and New York, and from what the Hungarians -American actor Bela Lugosi starred in “Dracula” in 1931, and Christopher Lee in the 1958 movie, both based on previous releases. Francis Ford Coppola’s treatment of “Dracula” 1992 in Eiko Ishioka’s dress presented a new look for the character, with a Roman accent and long hair, and a spirit that preferred the ease of death over the misery of the eternity.