Sartre and Fanon dissect colonial and postcolonial elites | Ibrahim Mashara

In a well-known and relatively long introduction by the French existentialist philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre to the book by the Martinique warrior and thinker France Fanon, “The Wretched of the Earth,” Sartre analyzed the regressive and destructive role of the elite and explained in detail. of the world characterized by the Third Colonial. With Fanon, there is no salvation from colonialism except by destroying it. He became a gangster, but he talks about the role of the marginal elites who created colonialism, those elites who carry out the task of mediation between the colonizer and his people after his departure from their lands. This is a hybrid political and social practice far from the ambition of the newly liberated peoples, who are inconsistent with their history, their points of departure, their intellectual and emotional references, and their ethnic and cultural peculiarities At its core, imperialist Western hegemony over those colonies and protectorates is established . These elites who love white skin and its culture and offer their services and expertise in exchange for satisfaction and other gains, who do not deviate from the sensual gains of money and power in return for hindering their homelands of real growth, well-being not, progress, scientific and industrial, and the final liberation from the slavery of colonialism and its dependence.

Elite like the colonizer feels contempt for their oppressed peoples and is transcendent about their culture, feelings and beliefs, and mocks themselves.The fact that the true roots of human thought and intellectual creativity are the Greek roots, and it is beyond those roots decadence, darkness and even barbarism that did not rise to the civilization of the Greeks and the legislation of ancient Rome, and therefore it exhausts itself in the imitation of its executioner and offers hybrid thinking, artificial literature and lame dependency politics and perhaps those which, according to Sater, the colonizer with a prize like the Goncourt for example.

Fanon’s book “The Wretched of the Earth”, presented to him by the publisher, Madarat Center for Research and Publishing, said: “This book is about the relationship between the colonizer and the colonizer, in how to revolutionize down in how to preserve revolutions from the manipulations of colonialism and the local elites subjected to it.Although Fanon wrote it for the revolutions of African liberation Asian colonialism is from the old colonialism, but we have seen , after more than half a century since these revolutions, that the colonial conditions have not changed much, and that what has really happened is that direct colonialism with a material and human cost has been replaced by local colonialism which is less expensive and completely subject to the previous colonial powers and whose cultural, political and economic interests are linked to it.Within the framework of the preamble of nationalist, mi nderheid- and narrow nationalist struggle made mainly by the apparatus of Orientalism.

Marx, for example, remarked that the peasants could not revolt against the colonizer because of their tendency towards conservatism – and he was wrong – nor the bureaucracy formed by colonialism and which is his servant, including the parties formed during the colonial era was formed. of brokerage and commission at the expense of sovereignty and complete freedom.These parties do not call for violence because they do not seek to reverse the conditions created by colonialism and seek nothing more than to take power from the colonizer. All they want is to negotiate with the colonizer and end up in a settlement with him The national bourgeoisie fears the consequences that may result from this The mighty hurricane is afraid that this stormy spirit will sweep it away, therefore it tells the colonizer : We are still able to stop the slaughter, the masses still trust us. Hurry up if you do not want to risk everything.

Fanon condemns the so-called educated elites in the colonies, those who hunt for positions and are content with it by their lax men, and he appeals to the avant-garde intellectual to fight with his muscles with his people before giving alms in favor , which he calls a literary, cultural and scientific production.There is no culture of a nation except within the framework of its freedom and sovereignty, and this is exactly what Sartre meant when “Not very long ago,” he said, “the people of the earth were two billion, five hundred million people, and one billion and five hundred million natives. The former owns the word, the latter borrows it, and among these and those little kings are buyers, feudal lord, and a false bourgeoisie. “

The Arab bourgeoisie, for example, has failed in the project of enlightenment, so Arab societies have not advanced one jot on the path of scientific and intellectual progress and in the political sphere, where the transfer of power and the establishment of true democracy, which is the core of the modern Western life – despite its shortcomings – on the contrary has increased the dependence of Arab countries on the colonialist and aborted progressive and democratic ways. To the point of intellectual, political, scientific and moral castration and the Arab Achievement brochure in which only the establishment of camps, prisons and oppression is written Ethics and study programs have been reduced to the continuation of a superficial culture concerned with shells, individual profiteering and intellectual brokers The path of progress and modernization, in Syria it surrendered the Alexandretta Brigade in 1936 in favor of Turkey in exchange for personal privileges, and Palestine surrendered to its tragic fate in exchange for the oil revolution only to its advantage and to the benefit of his families and the building of a fragile consumer community concerned with desires, superficiality and dependence.

Whoever reads this historical introduction by Sartre comes to his mind through pioneering writings by Arab and Western thinkers who support this Sartrean statement. Or a bitter mockery of customs, traditions and even religion in Arab societies, in representation but not exclusively, while the media abandons its role in the media and the pens abandon their role in sponsoring the politics of truth and the spirit to tear down, expose and expose all forms of government behind the scenes, and industry is nothing more than another form of ownership Agriculture and forced labor, if it is brokers and commission, not leadership and development .

It can be said that this fiery introduction to the book by Nari Levanon is a break with Western transcendence, and Sartre tells Westerners it is a book that talks about us and not with us. Exposing a methodological and intellectual exposition of the backgrounds surrounding the allegations of the message of urbanization and modernization carried out by the Westerner in the unknowns of Africa and the deserts of the Arab world, which the French writer André Gide had previously exposed and rejected as by Al-Akkad in his called article on André Gide.

A bourgeoisie has caused a rift in society, the urban community, where the language of the colonizer is predominant and the lifestyle influenced by Western culture and bureaucracies does not differ from the colonial bureaucracy, while the Arab towns and rural areas the native is formed. population, where the mother tongue is dominant and where the lifestyle represents cynicism and contempt for that elite.

Sartre, for example, agrees with the German Arabist Thomas Bauer by saying that this bourgeoisie failed in their mission, rather that they had no mission in the first place, except for their personal interests and special privileges. Sartre previously described Patrice Lumumba as “the revolutionary without revolution.” This description refers to the difficulty of liberation, in the presence of a class of clients from the tribe of the revolutionary self, and the pre-Islamic poet Tarfa bin Al-Abd expressed it with his innate sense of oppression of family members:

Injustice to family is more disgusting

On the soul of the impact of Al-Hussam Al-Muhannad

It is possible to refer to the psychological background of the peoples of the Third World in their dealings with their rulers, media figures, capitalists and writers, that they do not trust them and consider themselves of a different class than their class and therefore there is no credibility for their statements, even if some of them are true because the psychological bridge based on trust does not exist and it sees this class live, speak and think in a language and mentality The colonialist, and therefore the projects of the bourgeoisie and its parties failed miserably and the pens of its writers were broken and the crowd spread around its media as long as it did not have the legitimacy to represent the dreams of those people.

To this day, the peoples of the third or developing world in Africa and especially the Arab world live in the same situation. prevailing regime and offering services (mocking the religious, or slandering the symbolic capital of societies, or waving the hymen, for example). , and their poor health and nutritional status compared to the status of animals in Europe, or the reversal of pubs and the poor quality of imported wine, or the defense of homosexuality and immorality for whoever they want, as if that is what these societies lack are these things, while not violating the principle of handling power and the law of nations. In overseeing and benefiting from their national wealth, the upliftment and development of education systems, the efficiency of the legal sector, transparency of the media, fair development between the countryside and cities, equality of opportunity, the elimination of favoritism, opportunism, tribalism and fanaticism from the dictionary of those societies, and reliance on competence alone, skill and returns, all this does not enjoy the attention of this pseudo-elite and departure with the act of leading Colonialism leads to secondary problems, and whoever does so will be destined to to be closed It is repulsed and deprived of criticism, press and media coverage, and colonial prices and incentives, which he saves for those who only serve his plans.

It is strange to find a Korean Arab writer who talks about Turkish Islamic terrorism just like the French right wing and did not talk about the growth in the Turkish economy, the average income, the separation of powers and the high degree that this country has do not have. It is a case of an intellectual and human metamorphosis of a false pen that sucked in the mud of Western propaganda and put the bag Jonkuri on its forehead.

Sater’s Introduction and Fanon’s book are a roadmap for the African and Asian peoples and the Arab world in the need to complete the final liberation from slavery of colonialism, dependency and backwardness by national democratic systems representing the people, not the political, cultural and economic feudalism that unfortunately continues to grip these peoples, and the IMF, the World Bank and the Paris Club are nothing but mechanisms to complete By strengthening the grip on the future of these peoples and subject to the definitive globalization of unjust imperialism and inhumanity.

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