Egypt is victorious for the rights of developing countries. The “WHO” issues an emergency response decision to tackle crises

The activities of the Twelfth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization, hosted by the Swiss city of Geneva for a whole week, were concluded, as the negotiations between the member states saw many talks and divergent positions, but the strong will of the trade ministers of urged the WTO member countries to extend the negotiation period for two additional days in order to achieve tangible and balanced results that serve the interests of member countries, especially in the light of the health and economic crises currently facing the world.

At the closing session of the conference, which was attended by delegations from 164 member states, Ngozi Iweala announced the success of the conference, and the issuance of a document on the results of the conference, as well as a number of related decisions and ministerial statements. to an agreement to support fisheries and enable developing countries to increase their capacity to increase their vaccine production to combat the Corona pandemic and future pandemics, emergency response to food security crises, as well as the promotion and facilitation of electronic exchanges .

In this context, Minister of Trade and Industry Nevin Gamea and Head of the Egyptian delegation that participated in the conference explained that the ministerial statement issued on the emergency response to the confrontation of food security crises represents a victory for the rights and interests of the developing countries, the net importers of food, led by the Egyptian delegation, as Egypt has succeeded in including effective and tangible measures to give the Developing Countries importing net food sufficient flexibility to increase their production capacity and obtain appropriate funding to finance their food imports, indicating that the decision includes the development of a work program that discusses how to improve the capacity of net food importing developing countries to address food security crises, provided that this program strengthens discuss flexibility what is available is feasible in the FAO Agreement on Agriculture, which calls on these countries to increase their agricultural production and the technological means for it, as well as issues concerning the financing of their food imports.

Agreement to support fisheries and enable developing countries to increase their vaccine production, address food security crises and facilitate electronic exchange, the most prominent decisions and declarations issued by the conference

Jameh pointed out that the “Geneva Agreement or Package” issued by the Conference includes a document of the results of the conference which confirms the member states’ zeal to establish an open, fair and inclusive multilateral trading system promoted in accordance with the rules of the conference. World Trade Organization, and Emphasis on Special and Differential Treatment Provisions for Developing Countries and Least Countries Growing as an Integral Part of the WTO Agreements, with the Importance of Addressing the Challenges of the WTO, Reform of the organization in accordance with its terms and objectives, taking into account the needs of developing countries and ensuring their greater integration into the multilateral trading system, as well as the emphasis on the importance of cooperation that takes place between the organization and relevant international organizations in the field of economic empowerment of women, and the promotion of the participation of small and medium-sized enterprises in global trade, as well as the importance of the relationship between trade and the environment.

The conference issued a number of important decisions and announcements, as follows:

The first: the Fisheries Support Agreement, which took almost 21 years to negotiate, and the agreement aims to ban support for illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing in order to conserve global fisheries and ensure the sustainability of global fish stocks in in accordance with Clauses 14- 6 of the Sustainable Development Objectives.

Second: A ministerial statement on the organization’s response to the Corona pandemic and preparations for future pandemics, including a reference to the ministerial decision on the temporary release of some provisions of the Trade Aspects Agreement relating to intellectual property rights to enable developing countries to increase their ability to increase their vaccine production to combat the Corona pandemic and future pandemics.

Third: The ministerial statement on the emergency response to confront food security crises.

Fourth: A decision on the exemption from purchases of the World Food Program for humanitarian purposes from restrictions on exports.

Fifth: A decision to extend the non-imposition of customs duties on electronic exchanges to the Thirteenth Ministerial Conference in 2023 in order to preserve the stability of electronic transactions.

The Egyptian delegation that participated in the conference included Ambassador Ahmed Ihab Gamal El-Din, Egypt’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations and the World Trade Organization in Geneva, and Mr. Ibrahim El-Sigini, Deputy Minister of Trade and Industry for Economic Affairs, and Minister of Trade Commissioner Dr. Ahmed Maghawry, Head of the Egyptian Commerce Office in Geneva, Hatem El-Ashry, Adviser to the Minister of Institutional Communications;

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