How do brain hormones control our sense of happiness?

Dima Jaafar Daks

Some cases of sadness and depression can be dominated by some, many reasons that affect us, increase our stress and our sense of anger, and the more sensitive we are to what is going on around us, the more we are affected, but science has’ another opinion!

Scientific studies say that the cause of constant sadness and anger is not only due to what is going on around us that we do not like, but it is also a lack of happiness hormones in the brain, and to increase these hormones, it is necessary to improve the mood and from time to time eat dark chocolate.

There are four main hormones (a type of chemical that your body makes) that trigger feelings of happiness, and each chemical is associated with specific events or rewards. If you understand these chemicals and how they work, you may discover small ways to feel better during difficult times.

Loretta Breuning, author of Habits of a Happy Mind, explains exactly how these “happiness” chemicals work.


Dopamine is associated with motivation and reward. This is why you feel happy when you set an exciting or important goal, and why it is a good idea to achieve that goal, on the other hand, if you have low dopamine (which according to experts can occur) as a symptom of depression). , it may explain the feeling of low motivation or loss of interest in something you enjoyed before. Approaching a reward stimulates dopamine. When a lion approaches a deer, its dopamine rises and the energy it needs to hunt is released. Your ancestors had a high level of dopamine when they found a water well. Expecting a reward feels good in the mammalian brain, releasing the energy you need to achieve the reward.

How to increase dopamine.

There are some unhealthy habits that increase dopamine – such as drinking caffeine, eating sugar or taking certain drugs. But you can find ways to increase the level of this hormone without using potentially unhealthy or addictive substances.

Set a new goal and take small steps toward it every day. Your brain will reward you with dopamine every time you take a step toward your goal. Repetition will build a new path for dopamine until it is frequent enough to increase your sense of happiness. have goals about your career, job or amount of money you want to earn, but do not forget about personal goals.

Connect to a hobby or sport.

It can be just as satisfying as career goals, do not just set some big goals that will take longer to complete – also adopt short term goals to stay motivated.


Serotonin is a neurohormone that plays a role in mood, but it also helps regulate other functions in your body such as digestion, sleep and bone health. When it comes to happiness and how you feel every day, serotonin is important for reducing to relieve depression and anxiety.

How to boost serotonin :.

“Confidence stimulates serotonin, monkeys try to overtake each other because it stimulates serotonin, and humans often do the same thing,” says Bruening. You probably never thought about confidence and its role on a neurochemical level, but according to Bruening, if you do prioritize it For self-confidence, your serotonin levels can be weakened.

If you are caught up in a cycle of low self-esteem or that others are undermining your self-esteem, it can be difficult to rebuild it. It may sound strange, but do not ignore your need for respect and prestige.

“You can develop a belief in your own worth, if you focus on your losses, you will lower your serotonin level, even if you are a music star or CEO, always try to build the habit of focusing on your gains, your serotonin will decrease . (if you do not).

In addition to focusing on what you have accomplished in life, you can also build self-confidence in other ways. One way to do this is to exercise or adopt a new exercise routine, which helps boost your confidence while sticking to it over time. Another thing you can try is to find ways to get out of your zone. Get comfortable every day. Every day, try to challenge yourself to adapt to something new. Even if you feel uncomfortable at first, you build more self-confidence.


Oxytocin is sometimes called the “love” hormone and is linked to the ways people bind and trust each other, leading to the release of oxytocin in the brain.

This explains why you feel happy when caring for your pets. This is important during childbirth because oxytocin helps the mother’s uterus to contract to deliver the baby. Oxytocin also plays a role in breastfeeding, and it helps parents with the to bind baby after birth.

How to increase oxytocin :.

“Social trust is what activates the hormone oxytocin,” says Bruening. “If you embrace someone you do not like, you will not feel good. Love comes first before physical contact.”


Endorphins are known to be associated with physical exercise – this is the phenomenon that explains the “rush” of endorphins after exercise, they serve as “natural painkillers” that help reduce pain and increase positivity.

“In nature, this injured animal helps to escape from a predator, it helped our ancestors to escape when they were injured. Endorphins evolved to help our survival.

How to strengthen endorphins:

Laughter is one way to naturally boost endorphins – and so does eating dark chocolate, watching your favorite drama, exercising and meditating.

Endorphins are released in response to pain, but that does not mean you have to look for ways to hurt yourself (such as overtraining or pushing yourself beyond your limits) just to feel good. “Hurting yourself to activate endorphins is a bad strategy, fortunately.” There are better ways: laughter and exercise, both of which get your body moving, causing slight wear and tear and a moderate flow of endorphins. “

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