We often hear old women say that this generation has poor resistance to diseases and that they do not look like the children of the old generation, and mothers hesitate that their children’s immunity is weak, a fact we can not overcome for several reasons which did not exist. the past, such as technology and its negative effects and hormones that children eat added to vegetables and fruits in addition to polluting environment.
All children need to strengthen the immunity of their bodies because they are more susceptible than others to infection and viruses, and this is the job of parents, especially since their resistance is weak.
And since the child’s immunity is acquired, there are several solutions to give this child the necessary immunity against his body and his resistance to infections and diseases and to improve his ability to resist them.
How does a child develop immunity?
Since the child is in his mother’s womb and he is a fetus, his immune system is formed, but it is not completed in the first months after his birth. His immunity rather increases and strengthens over time, but the basis for this immunity is since he was a fetus, where he acquires through the placenta the antibodies which are transferred from his mother’s body to his body and then develop And it grows over time, depending on his living conditions, food and environment.
Therefore, it is very important that the expectant mother eats nutritious food during pregnancy so that her fetus is fed and immunity is formed.
Since the mother accompanies the child and monitors his growth and movements, she should notice any problem he has and weak immunity is one of these problems. There are some necessary healthy habits that will strengthen the child’s immunity and resistance.
Healthy habits needed to strengthen the child’s immunity
The best way to maintain the immune system in general is to follow good health habits and strengthen these habits in the child from an early age, the most important of which are:
- Get the child used to washing hands regularly, as most infections of the disease are transmitted by touch, especially after coughing and sneezing, leaving the bathroom, and washing hands for about 20 seconds with warm water and soap to kill bacteria and viruses. to remove.
- Take the necessary vaccinations according to the schedule specified for vaccination, from birth to puberty, and prevention of infection with many diseases such as chickenpox, mumps, measles and others. The flu vaccine should be given to the child annually, especially those who suffer from breast allergies such as asthma.
- Adequate sleep is very important so that children get a suitable time of sleep because of its great importance in the body’s ability to produce proteins that reduce inflammation and the body’s need for sleep varies according to the age of the child.
- Eating a balanced, healthy and integrated diet is one of the best ways to give children the necessary immunity.
- Try to offer whole foods instead of juices, such as oranges, which contain more vitamins and minerals.
- Do not force the child to eat more food than he can handle.
- Conduct regular medical examinations for children to ensure the presence of all the necessary elements for his body, including vitamins and minerals.
Important tips to strengthen and maintain children’s immunity
- Exercise regularly and do not leave children in front of TV and computer screens or in the bedrooms for long periods of time.
- Exposure to sunlight: Studies have shown that there is a strong link between exposure to sunlight and strengthening the immune system, because ultraviolet rays help the body to produce vitamin D, which is important for strengthening the child’s immunity.
- Avoid giving the child antibiotics, as their regular use helps to kill white blood cells, and it causes an imbalance in the immune system and allows it to attack the beneficial bacteria along with the harmful ones in the body.
- Reducing the intake of sugars which are very harmful to the immune system.
- Avoid placing the child in places where there are smokers due to its negative effects on his health.
- Drink plenty of water throughout the day.
- The child continuously engages in sports and physical activities to maintain the flexibility of his body and stimulate his blood circulation, such as walking, jogging, cycling and swimming.
Foods that strengthen your child’s immunity
Breast milk is considered the best that can form an excellent immunity for the baby for at least the first six months of his life. Where breast milk reduces the child’s allergy to milk and cheese and has unexpected benefits for the child, and when the mother can offer certain foods, she should focus on the useful and nutritious, and most important of these foods:
- Fish like salmon are rich in anti-inflammatory omega-3s.
- Red meat, like beef, contains a high percentage of minerals such as zinc, which are needed to support white blood cells to fight germs.
- Nuts such as walnuts and hazelnuts are very rich in antioxidant vitamin E and can be ground for children and added to soups or mashed potatoes.
- Milk is very necessary for the safety and strength of the digestive system and it contains lime.
- Chicken soup, which studies have shown to fight colds.
- Roots contain vitamin A, which is essential for rapid wound healing and healthy skin.
- Onions and garlic contain quercetin, an antioxidant and antiviral agent, and can be added to pasta, which are foods that retain their nutritional value by cooking.
- Eggs are a very rich source of zinc, strengthen the immune system and are rich in protein.
- Honey, especially when added to hot drinks such as ginger and mint.
- Sweet potatoes are foods that boost your child’s immunity as they are rich in beta-carotene and increase the number of white blood cells that fight disease.
- Spinach is very important in the formation of antioxidants and nutrients that the body needs, such as vitamin C, and it contributes greatly to supporting the child’s immune system.
- Oatmeal, which contains beta-glucan, which contributes to strengthening the immunity of children, especially in the winter season.
Vitamins that strengthen your child’s immunity
One of the most important boosters of the child’s immune system is the vitamins that his body gets from a healthy and balanced diet, the most important of which are:
- Vitamin C It improves a child’s resistance to infection and is found in peppers, strawberries, citrus fruits and broccoli.
- Vitamin A is needed to maintain the health of the immune system and gives the body the power to fight infections. It is found in eggs, milk, yogurt, cheese and yellow and orange vegetables such as potatoes and carrots.
- Vitamin E helps the body to resist bacteria and viruses and contributes to a speedy recovery. It is found in nuts such as almonds, peanuts and hazelnuts, and in vegetable oils and leafy vegetables such as spinach and broccoli.
- Vitamin D, which increases the body’s immunity and resistance to infection with diseases, is found in fish such as salmon, red meat and egg yolks, and it can be obtained by exposure to sunlight at specific times.
- Vitamin B It supports the production of lymphocytes and is found in milk, chicken, bananas, soybeans and oats.
In addition to these vitamins, there are some minerals that support the child’s immunity, such as zinc, which are found in nuts and beans.
There are also some herbs that strengthen the child’s immunity such as green tea, hibiscus, star anise, chamomile, mint, turmeric, ginger and basil.
It is possible to rely on some nutritional supplements with vitamin D and zinc by giving the child medicated in amounts appropriate for his age to compensate for the deficiency in their bodies, if any.