The study of the Moroccan futurist Al-Mahdi Al-Mandjra, in development, continues to question with full force the countries of the South – including us – governments, political parties and everyone who makes political decisions. This lesson includes two main axes: the key to development, and the necessary conditions without which the countries of the South will not be able to achieve the real breakthrough after achieving sustainable development.
The first axis: the key to development
As the countries of the South, like the rest of the world, prepared to enter the third millennium, the futurist Dr. Al-Mahdi Al-Manjar (may God have mercy on him) renamed the issue of development with a futuristic view, as if he were warning the countries of the South against further rumors of underdevelopment and dependence on the outside in case the obstacles to development in they are not overcome.
In this regard, (may God have mercy on him) in 1996, on the occasion of his talk on “communication dialogue”, which formed the first book in the “Sheraa” series, which was supervised by the leading media editor Khaled Mashbal (may God be gracious to him), emphasizes the role of advanced technology in development, and points out that the media represents the most effective tools invented by man to help him analyze problems and find solutions to them.
He drew attention to the fact that female media and female conductors would become an integral part of all social, economic, scientific and educational activities shortly after the end of the 1990s. And that even before the end of the twentieth century, the majority of high school students, and almost all graduates of technical schools and universities around the world, would have become familiar with the use of computers, databases, telecommunications, and information systems.
This scientist has confirmed that media knowledge will bring about profound changes in mental structures, thought patterns, and the decision-making process in all areas of life. He predicted that this profound technological transformation would intensify in the middle of the first decade of the twenty-first century.
Al-Mahdi Al-Manjar presented a set of digital data illustrating the major role of advanced technology embodied in the media and the leading media at the time, in achieving development, including but not limited to:
The information processing capacity, expressed in cubic centimeters, has increased a billion times over 30 years. On the other hand, the cost is low, because in 1952 it was (1) million operations, which took 10 minutes and cost $ 300. In 1982, half a second was sufficient to complete the same number of operations (i.e. 1 million operations), while the cost did not exceed 060 cents, or 30,000 times less. (We can imagine today the imaginary developments of this digital data).
The content of Al-Manjar’s message addressed to the countries of the South is reflected in three recommendations:
– That development is increasingly linked to the processing of information and knowledge, ie the media, education and knowledge services sector. It is a sector that at the end of the twentieth century represented about 55 percent of the gross domestic product and of jobs in the industrialized countries.
– And that the information society, on the one hand, is less dependent on natural resources, and generally does not diminish its strategic importance. On the other hand, it emphasizes the human resources that have become more important than before. It strengthens its capacity and doubles its productivity.
And that those who want to shorten the path or bypass the paths of human resources, research and development, and social and cultural applicability will inevitably end up in the maze of backwardness and dependence on outsiders.
With regard to all of the above and many others, Al-Mahdi Al-Manjara did not hide his conviction that new technology is the real entry point for development by saying: “I assure, and I am not the only one in this, that no country will be able to meet its most urgent needs except with the help of new technologies in the field of Female Media (…) “.
However, this development will not be achieved unless the necessary conditions are met.
The second axis: the necessary conditions to enter the field of development
Al-Mahdi Al-Manjarra presented his view of advanced technology, rather his conviction that it is a key to development, especially for the countries of the South, by expanding his explanations on two points:
The first is that resorting to the most advanced technology is not an extravagance for the poorest countries in the world, because it is these countries that have to make huge progress. Which is impossible to achieve by being satisfied with the so-called “native” or “custom” technology. In the latter case, these countries may register even further delays.
The second is that the introduction of advanced technology does not necessarily mean imitating the development model used in industrialized countries. If the intention is determined to accept a political choice for local-born development, with a system of social and cultural values specific to that choice, then there is nothing to prevent the exploitation of this technology to achieve the desired social goals not, since prejudices do not come from technology per se, but from the environment.
Moreover, Al-Manjarra explained that, despite the great diversity that characterizes the world and the great differences in the level of economic development, we are generally transforming without resistance from a production community based on raw materials and capital, to ‘ a knowledge society whose elements are represented in human resources and information. In the field of information, the gap lies between the North and the South. At the end of the last century, the Third World represented barely 3 percent of global production, and information-related activities are at the same time the main reason for widening this gap.
He clearly defined the main fields in which the strategies and policies of the media and leading media women should be applied: financial; administrative management; configuration; and scientific research.
He added that there is no need for in-depth studies of the market to evaluate the privileges afforded by media investment (and today by expanding the carpentry offering, investing in digital communications technology) in fields such as: management of drinking water and the fight against epidemics One of the efforts to use advanced technology to improve the health conditions of its citizens, especially in an era when human resources have become a key to development.
Al-Manjarra believes that such a strategy should take into account the specific features of all modern technologies, such as the need for a sufficient number of users, increased cost-effectiveness, and investment in research and development. All these conditions must be met if we want good results.
As many developing countries cannot achieve this goal with their own resources, it is necessary to pay special attention to regional and regional strategies, without neglecting the specific needs of each country.
And if this scholar emphasized that local economic integration and “south-south” cooperation had become indispensable, for reasons that go beyond traditional geopolitical, social and cultural statements. It is clearly stated that if the media and communications media and related industries, in view of their economic and cultural importance, become a political phenomenon, whether at national or international level, then it is a reality that the people who make the final says in determining the political choices that frame the technological choices, it must be taken into account. .
In this regard, he said: “I emphasize this point to emphasize the role that decision-makers play, and the need to involve them at the highest level in formulating these strategies, before the experts can do their job properly,” explains he. that if we place our trust in the media Conductive Informatics (today, in digital technology expands its idea), and other forms of artificial intelligence, will enable us to close the gap between the development of knowledge and its social uses .
Al-Manjra stressed that no country can remain immune to the media revolution or withstand its rapidly spreading consequences. The only question that remains is: does he choose a submissive attitude and accept the invasion of technology and his products, or does he choose an active attitude and formulate strategies and policies that take into account the intended development models and ensure social fitness, as well as cultural harmony?
In short, the futurist Al-Mahdi Al-Manjra believes that the real challenge facing the countries of the South (the developing countries) is to find local answers to this phenomenon, which has gained and continues to gain more cosmic character.
And that the delay is proportional to the outside dependence in obtaining or processing information. Development begins when one has more information.
And development is nothing but information that has become knowledge.
And knowledge, which is the most strategically important raw material in all human activities, is nothing but information obtained through valuable research, entrusted to the provision of well-formed people, to pursue well-defined goals and objectives.
No matter how advanced the technology is, it is not a panacea, especially if it is just a foreign body in an environment that does not respond even to the minimum favorable conditions. But despite this, it currently represents the most effective tool invented by man to help him analyze problems and find solutions to them.
As many countries of the South are unable to achieve these strategic objectives in their own way, “South-South” cooperation is the real mechanism for achieving this, either at the national level of each country or at the level of the “South”. as a whole. .
And we conclude with the saying of this scientist (may God have mercy on him): “Information and communication technology has become a basic need for survival, to the extent that it is the greatest potential force for the destruction and extermination of man. . element.”