Mohammed bin Saeed Al Futaisi:
This article raises some legitimate questions about the relationship between the influence of economic actors in the process of political reform and the development of economic development in the contemporary state. By economic actors we mean influential personalities and actors of owners of capital, businessmen and the economy, and the problems that this mutual relationship poses when that economic actor is a political actor due to that segment’s access to government positions, especially those that are political and economic reforms.
In fact, we face some complications that require some kind of careful political handling of it, especially since we are talking about constitutional and civil rights that must be complied with and complied with. On the other hand, we are talking about individuals and personalities who have influence and power in national economic development, due to the concentration of capital in their hands. Therefore, the status of this segment and the need for political systems to advance the national development process, especially the political and economic ones, cannot be ignored. Therefore, it must first be acknowledged that there are many challenges facing political systems as a result. of the overlap of economic and political role players.
On the other hand, the arrival of this category of the people of the country in power is matched by a corresponding look from some groups in society who have a degree of mistrust and doubt about the ability of those economic actors who came to power have about their ability to balance and be neutral between their private economic interests and public interests. In other words, will you be able to separate those personal and business interests from the public interest when you make many public decisions, directions, and policies?
In other words, the presence of many economic actors “in the depths of the economic and political institutions that control the course of many relevant decisions, especially those that affect the lives of citizens, their livelihoods and their level of income. It allows their actions and behaviors to reflect negatively or positively on the political system and the confidence of society and public opinion in it due to the link between the economic and political spheres in public life. ”
To give some historical examples in that context, Schaeffer, a professor of political science at Harvard University, says about the rise of Tammany Hall – a political organization in New York City. It was founded in 1786 and incorporated on May 12, 1789 as the Tammany Society. He was the political machine of the Democratic Party, which played a major role in the political control of New York City and the state of New York and the help of immigrants, especially the Irish, to participate in American political life in the period from the eighties of the eighteenth century to the sixties of the twentieth century, at a stage when the strata of political elites and elites merged Businessmen are at the top of the organization by saying: “Tamani has city government and business wealth in a formidable combination combined that was so powerful that it limited political competition, and in cases where politicians were dominated by businessmen, it also limited economic competition ”(1)
Therefore, some theorists and observers find that the arrival of this segment in power is an abuse of “the economy and politics together, as the economy cannot develop under it due to the existence of an environment in which there are no conditions for economic competition is not, where it is very difficult for competition to emerge under the dominant or economic monopoly. ” Or you can find real economic decisions in the presence of a stakeholder in power, just as politics can not develop due to the dominance of money and factional interests in political affairs “(2)
Here we must face justice with skepticism or dissatisfaction. This segment is undoubtedly an integral part of the national political and social component. There is no doubt that its role in national development is very important. Rather, the economy is based in a not insignificant part of it on some of its financial strength and economic capital. The presence of some of these figures in power can also help through their experience to advance the development and economic process.
Perhaps these problems and complexities that affect political stability and build national trust face most governments around the world, but what distinguishes one government from another is evident from the ability of the political system itself to make the most of those personal and factional interests by strictly controlling. laws and limit the impact of decisions, trends and policies Issued by this category through political, financial and administrative oversight, in addition to the presence of the judiciary and the media that play an effective role in comprehensive national oversight.
Briefly. Therefore, this segment or economic actors can not be deprived of access to power as it is contrary to constitutional and political rights, and nations need such a strong segment in building the national economy, although at the same time this segment of power empowered without supervision. , restrictions or Strict legal controls prevent serious mistakes and political problems that hinder the progress of political and economic development, in addition to hindering the movement of political reform.
Therefore, it is necessary to address such challenges and complications that affect the movement of political reform and the development of economic development due to the overlap of economic actors, and their transformation into political actors through political and legal controls (3), which works to combat the interference of the private interests of this group with the public interest, in addition to combating Forms of corruption that may occur as a result of that overlap, as we have had recommendations on this in previous articles published in this gum newspaper is (Al -Watan) this year National Development, the article on the spread of political administration from the center to the periphery, the article on the prevention of corruption in the modern civil state “Strong economy versus weak institutions” and finally the article on the incentives for political reform (economic gains and risks of communication equal function of government with the citizen).
1 – Michael Johnston, Syndromes of Corruption – Wealth, Power and Democracy – Translated by: Nayef Al-Yassin, i.1 / 2008 AD
2- Muhammad bin Saeed Al Futaisi, Political tools and their role in achieving reform in the public administration, Al Watan Omani newspaper, 8 May 2017, at the link: https://alwatan.com/details/192064. See also an article on economics and politics, newspaper website Al-Quds Al-Arabi on April 11, 2013 AD
3- One of the most important laws in the Sultanate of Oman working on this matter is Act No. 112 of 2011 on the protection of public money and the avoidance of conflicts of interest. to the United Nations Convention against Corruption. I also hope that the amendments that will be made to the aforementioned Public Funds Protection Act, which were announced some time ago, and which are aimed at improving transparency and government measures taken to combat corruption contributes to reducing the problems and challenges discussed in the article.