What are the technical and economic benefits and advantages of the fifth generation?

Ibrahim Al Mubaidin

Amman- At a time when the completion of the “fifth generation” file has reached a milestone represented by reaching a final agreement between the government and the major telecommunications companies operating in the local market over the service licensing mechanism to a delay and marathon negotiations that lasted for six months, telecommunications and technology experts emphasize the importance of speeding up the process. reaping fruit, especially because it takes a long time to establish networks and years for the services to be distributed throughout the Kingdom as required.
Experts stressed that speeding up the licensing of the service and then starting work to establish networks and infrastructure for the service, commercial launch and distribution is of great importance as it will significantly contribute to the support of the telecommunications infrastructure in the Kingdom in general to work with the third. and fourth-generation Jordanian networks and fiber services that provide high-speed Internet services.
They emphasized the importance of licensing and launching the service to support the digital transformation process in all sectors, in particular that the fifth generation of the fourth and third generations is distinguished by three basic axes: download speed, response speed and the ability to network according to segments and user needs, as well as its ability to connect a large number of devices at a time.
They pointed out that the fifth generation services support most modern applications such as content services, the Internet of Things, artificial intelligence and other uses that require rapid technology and competition, which favors the achievement of economic growth and GDP and contributes to the provision of various jobs and jobs created and the entry of support companies into the promising Jordanian market.
Jordan has preceded many countries in the region, particularly in the Gulf, with the licensing and commercial launch of 5G services. Recent data from the International Association of Mobile Operators “GSMA” shows that by the end of 2021, 20 5G communications networks were located in 9 countries in the world Middle East region.
The association expects the base of 5G subscriptions to expand in the Middle East and North Africa to reach 42 million subscriptions by 2025.
Globally, the association expected fifth-generation subscriptions to exceed one billion subscriptions worldwide during the current year.
The former CEO of the Telecommunications Regulatory Authority, Dr Ghazi Al-Jabour, confirmed that the natural development of mobile communication systems necessitated the emergence of fifth generation technology, which is a huge technological leap compared to the fourth generation, as it provides will allow. of broadband communication with all its practical uses because of the advantage that this technology has.The most important thing is that it works on a larger and wider bandwidth and therefore higher download speed.
Jabour believes that “the fifth generation is not just a development for previous generations, but rather an economic platform that forms the cornerstone for providing the necessary infrastructure for all other sectors such as health, education, industry, trade and others. . “
And he pointed out that the nature of mobile communication depends mainly on the use of frequencies to broadcast and receive all telecommunications services, and frequencies are selected within several factors, including the capacity of services distributed, packet width and provision of intensity of use. that Jordan has coordinated with neighboring countries to use these frequencies, as it has coordinated with The Arab Group has selected several frequency bands for the use of the fifth generation, including the (C-band) package, within which the frequencies intended for use is within the range (3400-3800) MHz. Knowing that the bandwidth of this band is insufficient in the future, that means the need to use higher frequencies closer to 4200 MHz.
Jabour said: “One of the technologies of digital transformation is mobile communications technology, including third, fourth and fifth generation services. As for the fourth generation, it covers all communication and data services for individuals and organizations, and is provided by three providers. ”
And between: “As for the fifth generation, one of its features is to provide the ability to quickly download and upload high-capacity files, to divide the network according to services, to give some services the priority to use network capabilities, and the speed of response to control, for example, when controlling autonomous cars and automatic production lines in factories. ” Production Lines Automation) Neighboring countries initially installed the fifth generation system, as statistics indicated a concentration in the use of this system with upload and download services. for files and electronic games. ”
Jawad Abbasi, head of the Middle East and North Africa region at the International Association of Mobile Operators, said: “The fifth generation technology will revolutionize and change our use of the internet and data as it incorporates many modern trends and concepts will improve and develop in the sector such as e-education, e-health, smart cities and the Internet of Things. ” and other concepts of the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
Abbasi added to “Al-Ghad” that “the fifth generation has many benefits and will inevitably contribute to the support of creativity and innovation,” pointing out that the service is available today in many Arab countries, especially in the Gulf, such as : Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, UAE and Oman.
Regarding Jordan, Abbasi stressed the importance of launching the service, saying: “It is important to introduce the fifth generation within the parameters that guarantee its success, especially in terms of providing frequencies and the rationale of its price. “
Eid Amjad Sweis, chairman of the board of the Jordanian Association of Information and Communication Technology Companies “Intaj”, said that “the importance of launching the fifth generation series lies in the key role it will play in the medium and long term. in enabling the information technology sector to provide advanced technological services and keep pace with development. ” It requires a network that is capable of loading, retrieving and transferring data in a very fast, secure and almost instantaneous way. ”
Welding stressed that its importance is increasing with the development of the technology sector to become the sector that is possible for all other sectors such as the financial, medical, educational, logistics and other sectors to use technology to its services in an advanced way to provide. and to reach all segments of users, and this requires the availability of an advanced network capable of accommodating these services.
He pointed out the importance of the fifth generation for the digital transformation process, as it enables the government, sector companies and all other technologically possible sectors to achieve greater efficiency in the provision of services, including services that are not delivered or effective and can be delivered efficiently within. the current network.
Sweis said: “We need to speed up its licensing for local companies so that the government and sector companies can achieve the desired growth within the vision of economic modernization 2033, in which the fifth generation was a priority, knowing that the introduction of fifth generation services and to make them available to users and companies within an appropriate coverage, requires a period ranging from 18 to 24 months.
The vision of economic modernization, launched earlier this month, suggested that fifth-generation technology services be introduced because of their importance in the development of the communications and information technology sector.
Issa Mahasneh, Executive Director of the Jordan Open Source Association, Issa Mahasneh, said that fifth generation technology is “essential for the digital transformation process in Jordan” as it will help increase the connectivity and speed of devices to the network , which will enable new technologies such as the Internet of Things.
Mahasneh pointed out that, on the other hand, the existing infrastructure designed for the third and fourth generation will not support the fifth generation, which requires the provision of frequency spectrum and new investments and additional costs associated in the future. with an increase in energy consumption by three times the current consumption.
Al-Mahasna believes that access to the internet and networks “has become more urgent than ever after the Corona pandemic,” but he indicated that there are fears that fifth-generation technology will negatively impact the digital divide as the technology is designed to to work more in urban and densely populated areas.High, as it depends more on communication between “things” than communication between people, and it is therefore necessary that the competent authorities and service providers work to access this technology in the future at reasonable prices insured and with geographical coverage that includes the largest number of beneficiaries.
Experts in the telecommunications sector told Al-Ghad that when any modern telecommunications technology or any new generation of telecommunications enters, there are two phases that the service goes through, namely the phase of normal use, which testifies to the entry of those who are able to use the service in terms of cost and ownership of supporting cellular devices, and the phase of normal use Common use is when most segments of society and various economic sectors start to rely on the service.
The fourth “State of the Country” report, issued by the Economic and Social Council in May, highlights the need to accelerate the introduction of fifth generation services in the local telecommunications market to strengthen and support the infrastructure in the Kingdom and develop digital transformation processes in all economic sectors.
The report, which aims to review the performance of various government sectors according to an accurate scientific approach to measure the level of institutional performance, recommended the provision of appropriate frequencies by the Telecommunications Regulatory Authority for the work of 5G networks and make it available as soon as possible. as possible to pressure companies operating in the sector to benefit from it.

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