Dr. Mohamed Sayed Ahmed
This is not the first time, nor will it be the last, that we talk about social capitalism in Egyptian society, but this time we will emphasize the role of national capitalism that swam against the current in the time of openness. October 1973, when President Sadat decided to hand over the capabilities of the country and the people to the Western capitalist project, and his famous saying was that 99 percent of the playing cards are in the hands of the Americans, and I do not know if he at that moment conscious or unaware that this American is an enemy and not a friend, so how do you surrender to him. All the capabilities of your country and becoming dependent, you do not own your political, economic, social and cultural decision.
And you are going according to the will of this American enemy to a treaty that is bound to you will with the Zionist enemy, the strategic ally and his corrupt son. Since President Sadat announced that he had abandoned the National Socialist economic project that Egypt had adopted after July 1952. revolution, through which it achieved remarkable developmental achievements, its effect is reflected on the class map in Egypt, where the poor and toiling classes of peasants and workers exercised their legal and just rights to life and liberty and social justice, which were denied in the era of occupation and property, and after our society was the society of the half percent of the rich who control wealth and power, we have become a society in which the middle class emerges through the processes of increasing social mobility for the poor and the struggling as as a result of development policies that spread the return of the development process to The masses of citizens, thus achieving the historically lacking social justice in Egyptian society.
President Sadat came and announced the policy of economic openness, and it was the beginning of the destruction of the national economy, which brought about the lost social justice, which was deliberately impoverished until society returned to before the July 1952 revolution, and Sadat left and Mubarak came after him and nothing changed in the matter as he followed in his footsteps and continued the policy of social capitalism but rather developed as he began to follow the instructions of the American Zionist enemy by implementing the IMF’s prescription The international community, seeking to get rid of the remnants of the national economic development project permanently, and the man announced a plan to sell the people’s property at a public auction by selling of the public sector, despite the fact that the constitution, which he swore to uphold, regards the public sector as a inviolable holiness.
Despite this, Mubarak slammed the constitution against the wall, but after more than fifteen years he realized the crime, so in 2007 he amended the constitution and got rid of these articles condemning him and his system, and social capitalism continued to control and control, and the illegal marriage between capital and power took place, and theft activities continued.The looting of some henchmen close to the ruling family (Mubarak, his wife and two sons), which led to a radical change in the class map of Egypt, as society of half percent returned On the eve of Mubarak’s departure in 2011, 41 percent of Egyptians lived below the poverty line, along with 25 percent living in his belt, and these numbers are according to international reports on poverty in Egypt, and with the continuation of social capitalism, social justice was absent.
But despite this, national capitalism has not completely disappeared from the scene, and some examples have emerged, for example, Hajj Mahmoud al-Arabi, who left our world this week and attended a solemn funeral, where the masses came out to greet him. , who set an example of national capitalism and a businessman committed to his social responsibility to His homeland, the self-made man at the age of six began a simple trade, which developed until it began. of the trade of electrical appliances. the era of openness, and in 1975 he visited Japan and obtained a power of attorney for Toshiba, but he was not satisfied with that, but the power of attorney turned into a large factory for the manufacture of electrical appliances and eventually increased the national component until It reached almost 90 percent, and for the first time, the name of an international company was associated with the name of one of its agents, so that Toshiba became known in Egypt as Toshiba Al Arabi.
Despite the efforts of the Mubarak regime to lure the man to the ditch of capitalist capitalism and the intermarriage of capital and power through the experience of participating in the 1990 parliamentary elections, the first use of political money in Egypt, where Hajj Mahmoud al-Arabi participated in the elections under the umbrella of the ruling National Party in the Jamaliah district, in front of the famous Nasserist MP Mahmoud He decorated them, and the money of the Arab and the support of the Mubarak government did not rise to Zainhum, and the Arab plunged into a thunderous fall, and from that moment on the man decided to stay away from politics and power, devoting himself to his industrial project to turn into a major national institution in the field of manufacturing electrical appliances, consisting of thousands of workers from the Egyptian people, and he was not satisfied that Al-Arabi did so. ie, but rather founded a charitable foundation in which he carried out his social responsibility as a national businessman, and when Corona attacked, he did not let his workers down. mate capitalism has Her departure will disappear her mention, Oh God, I have reached God, testifies.