Dr. Mohamed Hegazy, former head of the Legislative and Legal Committee at the Ministry of Communications, said that the cybercrime law was of great importance in the first place to protect citizen data and information, as well as to protect investments in the second place, with emphasis that the political leadership played a major role in bringing this law to light.
Hegazy added, during his participation in the “Digital Transformation and Cyber Security” symposium (The Path to a Secure Digital Future), held by Al-Ahram Evening Newspaper and Al-Ahram Gateway, that the new law was able to add. a great legal value for electronic evidence that enables judges to rely on it with satisfaction Law with digital evidence.
Hegazy explained that the law against cybercrime is in line with the international law that was issued, concerned with the regulation of cyberspace, and the law has given many guarantees to citizens to protect them from transgression through these spaces, which points to the importance of the Information Crime Act. in drafting provisions to combat cybercrime worldwide through international cooperation With the relevant authorities in the fight against crime in the world.
Hegazy pointed out that there is a specialized center for responding to computer and network emergencies within the National Telecommunications Regulatory Agency, and this center represents the technical point associated with the exchange of data on these crimes so that we can dispel them, and explains that this center warns and introduces these crimes that occur in the world.
The Cybercrime Act obliges telecommunications service providers to know the identity of all users through the users’ data record so that we can reach the perpetrators of the crime in the event of any problem.
He explained that there is a responsibility on ICT service providers to secure their networks and databases, especially in light of the major projects the state has embarked on in digital transformation.
He said the Cybercrime Act required all companies and institutions working in the field of information systems and electronic applications to apply standards to protect critical information infrastructure such as power stations, communications networks and the banking sector.
Regarding the importance of the Personal Data Protection Act, Hegazy said it represents a qualitative leap in Egyptian legislation. With its approval and prohibition of any party targeting the citizen with advertising and propaganda campaigns except after its approval and with specific procedures and requirements, with the issuance of the law in the year 2020, but its executive regulations have so far not been issued and we urgently need it.
On how the Egyptian citizen can benefit from the digital transformation and how to deal with the developments that accompany it, Hegazy said: The Egyptian citizen is eager to obtain services electronically, even if the material costs are higher than traditional services, but sometimes the service is incomplete or its quality It is insufficient and therefore the citizen refrains from it and turns to obtaining the service in its traditional form.
Despite the awareness campaigns carried out by the banking sector to secure data, we have so far found citizens who do not have sufficient care in their use of automatic teller machines (ATMs) and seek the help of citizens to help them, and unfortunately they are exposed to fraud.
On the legislative challenges facing digital transformation, dr. Mohamed Hegazy said: There are legislative challenges as there are many laws governing the procedural form for obtaining services from work cycles, forms and government paper documents set out in laws, regulations and executive decisions. , and we must work to amend these laws and procedures to enable the handling of electronic documents and forms with the same legal authenticity, which is one of the challenges that completely limits the provision of electronic services.
Regarding electronic signature technology, Hegazy said: This is a very important step, but it is not suitable for all public services, and we need different levels of digital identity so that we can give legal authenticity to different transactions, and that the levels of electronic verification becomes authoritative by law.
On the legislative structure of data and information technology, Hegazy said: We demand a law to classify data, and that’s what we need in the giant data center industry, and in our uses of artificial intelligence applications, the Internet of Things and cloud computing.
Hegazy said: Countries suffer from the invasion of large technology companies and social networking sites and their impact on public opinion, especially in the absence of binding legislation for these companies regarding their responsibility for developing the “algorithms” used on these sites .
Hegazy has revealed that much of the programming of these sites is used for certain directions, and therefore we need a law that regulates the responsibility of service providers for these algorithms.
Hegazy criticized the reduction of digital transformation to a mere package of government services and emphasized the possibility of benefiting from digital transformation in all aspects of life, saying: It can take place in factories and companies.technology.