The arms race with “quantum computing” ignites between the big countries


01/07 08:53

Countries identify technologies as strategic for a wide variety of reasons. For example, some technologies are an engine of economic growth, while others are seen as a way to reduce dependence on foreign suppliers, a defense measure, a path to obtaining national economy or security benefits, or even as leverage in times of conflict, we have seen how these manipulate satellites, cellular networks, nuclear energy, chip manufacturing and more technologies that can be exploited and exploited as leverage in many conflicts.

Quantum computing is a new strategic technology, with far-reaching implications, capable of solving problems and performing calculations that no conventional computer can perform, which opens up a large number of strategic opportunities and challenges for countries.

Much attention has been paid to decryption using quantum computers, as the world’s financial systems and many computer networks are protected by an encryption scheme, previously considered unbreakable, and it does take many years for classical computers to crack, but a computer Quantum strong enough, it can crack the code within a few hours, which for example can threaten bank accounts, health records and other sensitive information that is exposed, which can lead to unprecedented damage.

And while quantum computers that could crack the code may not be available for another 5 to 10 years, bad actors are already recording sensitive encrypted information so they are ready to be decrypted in the future.

Even when blockchain technology is considered, public key addresses and hash addresses that are reused from year to year are vulnerable to quantum attacks, raising concerns about bitcoin and the contracts secured by the blockchain.

Quantum computing technologies can also act as a powerful defense measure, as many organizations rely on quantum technology, specifically quantum key distribution, to create numerical schemes that are extremely difficult to crack or access.

But while companies should already consider the positive and negative impact of quantum computers on their encryption and communication systems, they should also recognize that they can get strategic leverage from quantum supercomputer technology.

Quantum can be a game-changing differentiator when working with large data sets, and models that contain many variables, yet show a high rate of change over time. Also on day-to-day issues such as optimizing shipping methods, or balancing personal portfolios.

For example, in energy storage, quantum computers excel at simulating chemical and pharmaceutical compounds, because the chemical reaction takes place at the level of quantum physics, and as Nobel Prize winner Richard Feynman noted 40 years ago, a quantum system is the best option for simulating quantum phenomena.

Powerful quantum computers, and the software that drives them, can also be used to develop super batteries with higher efficiency, lower weight and higher capacity. With batteries accounting for approximately 30% of the cost of an electric vehicle and playing an important role in its usability, leadership in battery technology can be translated into leadership in vehicle electrification, energy storage for buildings, and more.

Machine learning is another example, whether it’s improving conversational AI, solving protein folding problems or analyzing images and videos, countries that are developing groundbreaking machine learning capabilities are gaining strategic benefits.

Quantum computing offers exciting new machine learning opportunities because it stems from the ability of a quantum computer to download much more information than traditional information, perform many calculations simultaneously, and use these capabilities to reveal new and meaningful data patterns.

This unique quantitative ability to perform many calculations in parallel, rather than in sequence, comes in handy for improved weather forecasting, a more accurate assessment of financial risk, and the ability to streamline the supply chain, improve traffic, and dynamically allocate shared improve resources, such as cellular spectra.

Given all of the above, we are witnessing a global “quantum arms race” that has similarities to the space race decades ago. China, for example, is investing $ 10 billion in a national quantum program, while the European Union has promised large sums in addition to what member states have already promised.

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